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Abstract

Common Agricultural Policy represents the main instrument of the European Union for the development of agriculture and rural areas. European funds are vital for the productivity and competitiveness of agricultural holdings, as well as for the transfer of agricultural knowledge and innovation. Supporting small and young farms is essential for the vitality of rural areas and for the renewal of generations of farmers. The aim of this work is to transfer agricultural knowledge in order to improve the productivity of agricultural holdings, especially among young farmers and small farms. We implemented training program through European funds related to Measure 1. “Actions for knowledge transfer and information actions” from Rural Development Programme of Romania. The characteristic of 100 participants and their responses were analyzed. Most of the participants were young people up to 40 years old (59%). The vast majority of the participants were from the rural area and only 17% were from the urban area. 53% from participants were strongly agree with the fact that level of knowlegde influence farm productivity. Actions for knowledge transfer improve the adaptation of farmers to the new challenges of agriculture, as well as productivity.

Abstract

The subject of this publication is to analyze the circumstances and causes of accidents at work in a selected industrial enterprise that provides services in the field of waterjet cutting and laser beam. The paper present the statutory definition of an accident at work and its basic categories (light, heavy, mortal and collective accident). It also discusses the most popular accident investigation method – the TOL method, which classifies the causes of accidents into three basic groups: material-technical, organizational and human. In the further part of the work the characteristics of the waterjet operator’s work station were made, including the scope of activities, possible occupational hazards and preventive actions. Next, the results of the analysis of the circumstances and causes of accidents at work were presented. In the period from 2013 to 2018 eight accidents were reported, resulting in minor injuries, such as cuts and cuts, fracture of the phalanx, overloading of the spine, leg twisting or knee injury.

Abstract

The work identifies and analyzes fire hazards in a selected plant - the fuel base. On this basis, the risk of these risks was estimated and methods of their prevention were established using the PHA method.

Abstract

The paper presents a modification of the slitting pass system, which ensured a reduction in roll wear during three-strand rolling of ribbed bars with a diameter of 16 mm, and thus reduced the associated costs. The theoretical and experimental research on the rolling process of ribbed bars with a diameter of 16 mm rolled in three-strand technology was carried out on a D350 18-stand continuous bar rolling mill conditions. To determine the cost of slitting pass wear, the results of numerical calculations of the frictional force unit of work obtained using the Forge2011® computer program was used, as well as empirical calculations.

Abstract

The review of definitions allows to state that knowledge management in enterprises is a complex, multi-aspect process requiring the implementation of a number of interrelated mechanisms and instruments. Sharing knowledge can increase employee productivity, team performance and the ability to transform diversity into creativity and organizational innovation. Sharing of knowledge in the enterprise should be implemented both in a formal and informal way and be supported by appropriate communication mechanisms, employee exchange programs, job rotation, mentoring relations, techniques Only a well-constructed, implemented and modified system can ensure achieving the intended goals related, among other things, to ensuring the proper functioning of quality assurance mechanisms. and tools for assessing teamwork, a z system promoting creativity and cooperation. The main purpose of the publication is to present the results of research conducted on a sample of 22 enterprises regarding the analysis of the extent of enterprises’ use of knowledge and human capital potential to improve the quality management. The research focused mainly on the impact of selected elements of management of knowledge and human capital on the level of employee awareness, as well as the number and type of non-compliance of products. The study used a questionnaire and statistical analysis of data from manufacturing processes.

Abstract

All castings can have defects caused by, for example, deviations in material characteristics, structure or properties, but the skillful use of available technologies and quality management tools allows for the detection and elimination of casting incompatibilities as well as the prevention of their recurrence in the future. The aim of the article was to analyse the types of defects in castings, locate the areas with the most frequent occurrence of defects and identify the reasons for the presence of defects in castings of the control panel and its cover. The paper presents the usefulness of a combination of quality management instruments for diagnosing material discontinuities in the analyzed castings.

Abstract

The publication presents the results of research on the scope of practical use of available methods and tools of quality management by enterprises. The analysis was based on surveys conducted at the Production Management Institute of the Faculty of Production Engineering and Materials Technology of the Częstochowa University of Technology. The presented study applies only to the information collected so far as the research work commenced is still being continued. Currently, data (correctly completed questionnaires) has been collected from fifty one small, medium and large production companies located primarily in the Śląskie and Łódzkie region. Both the organizations surveyed for the needs of this project and the cases cited in the literature indicate that the group of the most commonly used tools and methods is quite limited and in a sense comes down to the most known. This situation may partly result from the specifics of the industry and the nature of production. In addition, providing questionnaire response suggestions (as examples, the most frequently used methods and techniques) may have influenced the choices made by the respondents. At the same time, in some cases, low awareness or insufficient substantive knowledge may have contributed to the belief among the respondents that the techniques are implemented in the enterprise while in reality these techniques have never been used. All remarks and observations noticed at this stage of the research will be taken into account in subsequent analyzes.

Abstract

The chapter deals with the use of traditional carbonaceous fuels in the production of agglomerates. An important part is focused primarily on the use of these carbonaceous fuels in the production of various types of agglomerate. Anthracite together with coke breeze was tested as a fuel to assess the substitution of coke dust by anthracite for technological and qualitative parameters of sintering.

Abstract

Efficient functioning in the contemporary market is a fundamental need of every organization. In times of globalization and an intensive technological and engineering progress, attaining a proper position and retaining it is a big challenge in almost every branch of industry. This is especially difficult for the SME sector, as it requires financial expenditures on system solutions and the IT base, among other things. This is where “Cloud Computing” comes in. Cloud computing services consist in providing and making available IT resources (efficient, scalable and tailored to the customer’s needs) through the Web. Thanks to wide access to intensively developing mobile systems, the low costs of computer components and the associated increasingly common use of Internet of Things (IoT) in numerous devices connected to the Internet, data processing is being gradually moved onto the Web peripheries. The purpose of the study is to highlight advantages and possible threats associated with the use of Cloud Computing-based solutions for aiding the activity of enterprises at a varying organizational level following the 4th industrial revolution.

Abstract

A constant increase in the production of plastic products is a major cause of general environmental pollution. The past decade recognized how significant recycling plastic waste and the development of biodegradable materials is. This paper takes a new look at reducing the amount of plastic waste in the environment. Plastic bottles are “dressed” in a special PE (polyethylene) foil before filling. After the content is consumed, the foil is removed of the bottle. Such foil can be used for transporting other products more than once. The work focuses on the investigation of the changes in properties of the light density polyethylene (LDPE) foils caused by forming during their application to the bottle. It was decided that the optimal method for this investigation was to compare the mechanical and rheological properties PE foils before and after their application to the bottle.