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Planting dwelling thinking. Natural history and philosophy in sixteenth-century European dried gardens

Abstract

European dried gardens from the 16th century have been traditionally associated with the emergence of early modern botany and its relation to the traditional genre of pharmacopeias. This study reviews a sample of the 37 known exemplars of these bound collections and argues that the design and development of these herbaria or dried gardens (orti sicci), as they were also known, reveal a broader set of questions on nature and about the relationships of humans with the natural world than the ones with which they have been linked. Based on the evidence of a diverse corpus of dried gardens—some richly bound, others composed over recycled paper, some with copious annotations, others with a seemingly random layout and distribution of plants—, this paper argues for a comparative reading of these books as a corpus that contributed significantly to early modern natural history and philosophy.

Open access
Planting patterns and exotic plants in nineteenth-century Bucharest public gardens

Abstract

The first two public gardens in Bucharest, as well as some of the oldest in the South and East regions of nowadays country of Romania, were designed, built and planted around the mid-nineteenth century by a German-born landscape gardener named Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Meyer. These two public gardens were designed according to modern nineteenth century landscaping concepts and were planted with exotic species of flowers, shrubs and trees not common at that time either in Bucharest or anywhere in the Romanian provinces south or east of the Carpathians. To better understand the design, development, and meaning of these gardens, this paper aims to analyze the specific palette of ornamental species of plants and the planting patterns that were used for the Kiseleff and Cișmigiu gardens in Bucharest and to outline the importance of their use.

Open access
‘Where have all the flowers grown’: the relationship between a plant and its place in sixteenth-century botanical treatises

Abstract

The article investigates Renaissance naturalists’ views on the links between plants and places where they grow. It looks at the Renaissance culture of botanical excursions and observation of plants in their natural environment and analyses the methods Renaissance naturalists used to describe relations between plants and their habitat, the influence of location on plants’ substantial and accidental characteristics, and in defining species. I worked mostly with printed sixteenth-century botanical sources and paid special attention to the work of Italian naturalist Giambattista Della Porta (1535–1615), whose thoughts on the relationship between plants and places are original, yet little known.

Open access
The Analysis of Some Productivity Elements Obtained by Some Maize Hybrids Cultivated in Targoviste’s Plain

Abstract

In this work, five maize hybrids were analyzed in terms of productivity elements (number of rows of grains on the cob, mass of 1000 grains, yield in grains, production per hectare) cultivated in the pedoclimatic conditions offered by Targoviste’s Plain.

The analyzed hybrids were Caussade, Clariti, KWS Kamelias, KWS Kinemas, Pioneer P0017, KWS 2376, hybrids of FAO 320-390 precocity group. The Pioneer P0017 hybrid was chosen as a control variant because of the frequent cultivation in the area.

The study was conducted during the agricultural year 2017 in Băleni, Dâmboviţa County. The results obtained highlighted values between 14 and 18 rows of grains on the cob, the mass of 1000 grains presented values between 332.7 and 435.7 grams, and the yield in grains 87.16 and 89.9%. Regarding the production of grains per hectare, the analyzed hybrids achieved high levels of this parameter, namely from 9590 to 12846 kg of grains / hectare.

Open access
Aspects on the Forming, Evolution and Improvement of the Soil Cover within the Community Territory of Moroeni

Abstract

The purpose of the paper is to thoroughly understand the soil cover in the Moroeni commune, Dâmboviţa County, in order to establish the best measures for its protection, improvement and judicious use.

The paper was drafted on the basis of data gathered in three research stages:

• the investigation and documentation stage, which took place at the end of the academic year 2016-2017;

• the stage of the field, which took place in the summer of 2017, when we made direct observations (on the spot) in the studied area, we made sketches, photographs;

• the processing and interpretation stage of the cartographic material, which took place during the academic year 2017-2018.

In the paper are presented the pedogenic factors and processes that contributed to the formation of the soil cover in the studied territory, as well, there are described both morphologically and in terms of physicochemical analyzes the classes and types of soils that have been identified on the field. It also presents the main categories of use in the studied territory and the measures for the protection and improvement of soils in order to increase their fertility.

Open access
Crisis and Opportunities at the Intersection Between Food, Agri-Bussiness and Health

Abstract

In the current context, food safety crises often have a direct impact on the health of the European population. Such moments bring chaos and confusion among the population, about food consumption, food systems, the ethics of businesses involved in the agri-food chain, or about guaranteeing their consumers’ rights.

Although the level of consumer information has increased in recent years, there is a need for a uniform approach to all topics of interest to them, from quality, cost, authenticity, maintenance of food safety, to contaminants and fraud.

Choosing a diet generates multiple effects on the quality of human life. Europeans are concerned about how food products are produced and consumed and which are the short and long-term effects, with attention being shifted from providing sufficient food. However, food consumption patterns of European citizens often have negative health consequences, endangering the future and making it necessary to change the way we feed and consume them. From farms to restaurants, we need to redefine the assumed concept of adequate nutrition in the 21st century: sustainable diets from sustainable food systems.

Open access
Fundamental Issues of Environmental Education and the Impact of Socio-Economic Development on Public Health, in Globalization Context

Abstract

Education, in general, and environmental education, in special, is salvation and future of mankind, contributing by reorientation and interdisciplinarity of education to strengthening in values, behavior and lifestyles required for sustainable future development. The ecological and economic implications of better use of information on sustainable resource management lead to the development of perspectives, knowledge and skills that are so vital to environmental education (life skills education). Unfortunately, environmental criminality has reached fourth place in the category of illicit activities at the international level. Therefore, detailed knowledge of the relationship between economic fundaments, society and the environment is strictly necessary in order to understand the values that we want to reach, the effect on performance for identifying and promoting quality criteria. These criteria help the development of a toolkit and techniques needed to increase competences and creativity, in the context of opportunities, challenges and barriers imposed by environmental security. Public health, without an adequate living environment, cannot exist and for this reason, a global effort is mandatory to raise awareness and education of the population to fight against environmental crime on our planet.

Open access