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Open access

Alhassan Abdur-Rahim Husein

Abstract

Arabic speaking countries live in diglossic communities. This is where two or more varieties of a language are used by the same speech community. This paper examines students’ attitude towards Arabic language varieties. It focuses mainly on Egyptian students’ attitude towards the fuṣḥā on one hand and the Egyptian Arabic (EA) variety on the other. A survey of fifty university students from the American University in Cairo and Ain Shams University, Cairo was conducted using the questionnaire instrument. The data was analysed descriptively. The study reveals that Egyptian students have a slightly positive attitude towards the fuṣḥā Arabic. Notwithstanding, they tend to exhibit positive affective and behavioural tendencies towards EA. Based on this, the study proposes that language planners and for that matter, Arab states should adopt a vibrant ‘status planning’, whereby fuṣḥā is properly recognized and widely used in official and state institutions and functions.

Open access

Orsolya Nyilas and Mihály Fónai

Abstracts

Nowadays, whether we discuss either adult education or continuing training we possess comprehensive knowledge of the input side of the trainings. We have detailed data of the accredited institutions, instructors, the structure, content and operational indicators of the trainings, still we know less of the drop-outs, absentees and the reasons for the low participation rate in adult education. We have minimal information even when we analyse the existing data concerning the outcome of the successfully finished adult educational programs.

Open access

Veronika Bocsi and Andrea Ujvarosi

Abstract

The aim of our study is to give an overview about language and musical skills of students in musical traning courses and we try to outline the effects of the sociocultural background in these fields. We would like to show the main patterns of language proficiency (the number of langugages they speak and levels of the language skills) and we also analyse the efficiency of language learning. The institutional language courses and the practices of interpretation in the original language will be analysed as well. Our questionnare was used in this analysis in the spring of 2017. Students from six higher educational institutions were the respondents. The number of the respondents was 90 and from the answers a database was created with the help of SPSS 19 Programme. Percents, means and chi-square statistics were used. We have verified our hypothesis which refers to the effects of students’ sociocultural background because these variables (parental education, economic capital, type of the settlement) have formed the chances and forms of the music learning (e.g. the starting date of learning music) and language skills. If we analyse the patterns of the language proficiency the central position of the English is obvious, but this pattern is not in line with the expectations of singing in the original language because the main body of vocal literature is composed in Italian, French, Russian and German. In our opinion this gap should be covered by the institutions as well and these requirements should be incorporated in the curricula.

Open access

Eva Antal

Abstract

The context of the present paper is given by my research on philosophy of female education and the questions of female culture in the 18th and 19th centuries in England. I have been studying not only works of educationalist and philosophical concerns, but also literary works such as the education romans and utopias written in the related period. Female writings - either literary-utopian or educational-philosophical - seemingly rely on the framework and theoretical background of wellknown male works so that they should present a critical and ironical reading while also raise the questions of social solidarity and (e)quality in individual education. I will mainly highlight the strategies of feminist rhetoric, taking my textual examples from Mary Wollstonecraft’s anti- Rousseau A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), while I also refer to two of her contemporaries, Catherine Macaulay’s and Maria Edgeworth’s educational writings.

Open access

Tamás Szimkovics

Abstract

Based on previous surveys the usage of ICT and blended learning is at a low level in Ukraine. To catch up with the European average, it is important to familiarize the students and teachers with blended learning in the secondary school. The information technology classes provide the best opportunity to introduce the blended learning, because they are well equipped with computing devices. This choice is positively affected by the new Ukrainian IT curriculum. The aim of this paper is to introduce the available options for blended learning in Ukrainian secondary IT education. By examining the curriculum, the possibilities of using the online space in the educational process has been determined. The blended learning methodology has been tried in practice as well.

Open access

Sławomir Rębisz

Abstract

The author of this article aims at comparing the publication activity of scholars from Poland, Slovakia and Hungary in education in the period of 1994-2014. Based on the comparative analyses, the author sought to determine: (1) trends in the scholarly performance in the analysed field of study (increase/decrease), (2) leading scientific institutions with the largest number of publications in the field of education, (3) scale of internationalization (international co-authorship). Furthermore (4) the author discusses the participation of scientists from the countries under analysis in the European (EU) and worldwide circulation of scholarly papers in the field of education. To perform the analyses, first the representative source had to be chosen. Considering that what is valued in science, also in Europe, is the prestige of a journal in which a paper is published while the overall science hierarchy is primarily based on the global grading of scholarly journals, we have chosen to use the data from the Thomson/Reuters database (Web of ScienceTM Core Collection) containing an index of selected papers with the so-called impact factor (IF), a well-known global indication of citation impact. Several publications in the journals with high IF is a confirmation of the high quality of scientific research while it also determines the level of internationalization of science. This study was conducted over twenty years (1994-2014) to make sure it was representative of the publishing activity and international output of scholars from the countries under analysis.

Open access

Ivana Hrozková

Abstract

Learner strategies play an important and unique role in second or foreign language teaching and learning. Knowledge of effective steps and techniques helps pupils reach better study results and become more independent and autonomous learners. The role of a teacher shifts and changes in autonomous learning; rather than a teacher, he or she is a consultant, helper and facilitator of learner strategies. The study brings an insight into strategic teaching of 13 Czech teachers who taught 202 pupils with completed primary education and who also focused on the strategies teachers facilitate, but their pupils do not apply. The study aims at a model of strategy facilitation which helps teachers implement strategy-based teaching into a foreign language curriculum. The article also aspires to address teachers of different subjects as giving advice on learning to learn plays a vital role in teaching. Furthermore, learner strategies are an important part of competence to learn, which helps teachers to understand why some learners are more successful than their peers.

Open access

Ildikó Laki

Abstract

One of the paths toward the social integration of people living with disabilities is to guarantee their participation in education and employment in the long term. The European Union emphasises the concept of lifelong learning to achieve the goals of improved education levels and the concomitant employability for this group. Although in the past few years there have been positive developments in the conditions of people living with disabilities in Hungary. Therefore, it remains one of the challenges of the Hungarian adult education system to bring about equal opportunities in participation for people living with disabilities. The main dilemma refers primarily to the provisioning of the wide array of learning aids required due to the diverse nature of possible disabilities and the establishment of a supportive and conducive learning environment.

Open access

Judit Torgyik

Abstract

Civil initiatives, free time learning activities with pleasure are significant in general development of society, in the consolidation of knowledge and skills of local communities. However, it also has positive effects on well-being, community building, too. A form of civil initiative is the Swedish study circle which has been operating for decades, recently more and more popular in other countries, too.

Open access

Umi Mahmudah

Abstract

Nowadays it is getting harder for higher education graduates in finding a decent job. This study aims to predict the graduate unemployment in Indonesia by using autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model. A time series data of the graduate unemployment from 2005 to 2016 is analyzed. The results suggest that ARIMA (1,2,0) is the best model for forecasting analysis, where there is a tendency of increasing number for the next ten periods. Furthermore, the average of point forecast for the next 10 periods is about 1,266,179 while its minimum value is 1,012,861 the maximum values is 1,523,156. Overall, ARIMA (1,2,0) provides an adequate forecasting model so that there is no potential for improvement.