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Nicolas Marquis

Abstract

This article offers a social science analysis of the resilience concept’s success and common sense uses. Based on a sample of letters from the readers of the French author Boris Cyrulnik’s self-help best-sellers, the article first depicts the characteristics of the attitude of the letters’ authors towards Cyrulnik and what they expect from him. Second, it proposes to understand resilience as a language game used to communicate about suffering and then analyses why certain readers feel resilient while others don’t. It concludes that this way of reacting to adversity (i. e., tapping one’s inner resources, never giving up) is particularly desirable in a context where autonomy has become more prestigious.

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Esteban Piñeiro, Martina Koch and Nathalie Pasche

Abstract

The article presents the empirical findings of a multi-site ethnography in two organizations in Swiss street-level bureaucracy. We examined both a municipal child welfare office and the police force of a medium-sized city. The focus was on the question as to whether and how ethnic differentiation takes place in such public agencies and what role it plays at work. The findings suggest that un/doing ethnicity follows an instrumental logic and that it is executed in manifold and ambivalent ways.

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Ulf Liebe, Nicole Schwitter and Andreas Tutić

Abstract

In previous research, both positive and negative relationships between social status and prosociality have been reported. We argue that the nature of the observed status can explain these divergent findings. In an experimental study with technical and commercial apprentices, we show that objective status can have a positive effect on prosocial behaviour and that subjective status can have a negative effect when controlling for objective status.

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Oliver Hümbelin

Abstract

This study estimates the prevalence of non-take-up of social assistance using administrative data from the Canton of Bern. Regional variation in non-take-up rates is then used to study the contextual effects of social norms with respect to welfare receipt legitimacy. Social norms are proxied with the degree of urbanity, language regions and communal voter shares of left- and right-wing parties. Multiple regression analysis, extended by several robustness checks, suggests that social norms do indeed have an impact on take-up behavior.

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Roger Berger and Joël Berger

Abstract

Two explanations for discrimination against Muslims in Switzerland are threat to secularization and xenophobia. We conducted lost letter experiments and find that distinctively religious Muslim groups are indeed discriminated against, although not to a larger degree than Christian sects. Moreover, discrimination against Muslims decreases when there is no reference to religiousness. In sum, the discrimination against Muslims seems mainly to be a result of distinctive religious characteristics attributed to this group.

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Felix Bühlmann and Marion Beetschen

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Jérôme Grand

Résumé

Cet article analyse la formulation et la mise en oeuvre d’une politique sociale visant à promouvoir la citoyenneté. En s’intéressant au cas de la Fondation pour l’animation socioculturelle genevoise mandatée par l’État de Genève pour « favoriser la citoyenneté active », l’article cherche à mettre en lumière la norme de citoyenneté véhiculée par l’État, mais aussi à rendre compte de sa mise en oeuvre par des animateurs socioculturels au bénéfice de dispositions individuelles et confrontés à la réalité des contextes.

Open access

Patrick Ischer

Résumé

La théorie de la légitimité culturelle telle que proposée par Pierre Bourdieu a suscité de nombreuses critiques, qui ont donné lieu à de nouveaux développements théoriques. Sans véritablement s’affranchir des thèses énoncées dans La Distinction, le modèle de l’omnivorité initié par Richard Peterson et celui de l’éclectisme défendu par Olivier Donnat ont, entre autres, passablement insisté sur la tolérance des élites et leur inclination à esthétiser la « culture populaire ». Nous appuyant sur une recherche qualitative conduite en Suisse romande, notre propos est de discuter ces théories en prenant pour objet d’étude les goûts en matière d’ameublement et de décoration domestique.

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Eva Nadai, Anna Gonon and Fabienne Rotzetter

Abstract

Drawing on the theoretical framework of the Economics of Convention this paper analyses the employment of people with disabilities as a valuation process. Based on case studies and interviews in business companies and disability insurance offices, it explores how employers and disability insurance determine the value of disabled workers. Inasmuch as employers are not willing to adapt performance standards, job design and work organisation, disability insurance attains individual exceptions for its clients at best, while disabling standards remain intact.

Open access

Céline Remy

Résumé

Cet article montre ce qui se déroule en amont des collaborations entre les services publics de l’emploi et les opérateurs privés en charge de l’accompagnement des demandeurs d’emploi. Il met en évidence que les modalités de contractualisation et de gouvernance du partenariat influencent la confiance et, plus spécifiquement, la manière dont un partenariat s’autonomise et dont les prestataires acquièrent plus de capacités. Trois études de cas ont été menées au sein de partenariats dont deux en Belgique francophone et une en Suisse francophone.