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Analysis of Outbound Logistics Channels for Construction Material

Abstract

Outbound logistics channels are of crucial importance for an efficient construction materials logistics management and impacts on customer satisfaction. However, there is limited knowledge of the outbound logistics channels for construction material in Nigeria. This study aims to identify and examine the current outbound logistics channels used by the Nigerian construction material manufacturing industries. A quantitative research method using a case study approach was adopted in this research. The purposive sampling technique was chosen, where six construction material manufactured and distributed within five states capital and Abuja in the North-central region of Nigeria were selected for this study. A research instrument was developed and used in conjunction with an observation protocol in the form of a template. The data were collected through observations, direct measurement onsite and archival records of transactions. A descriptive method of data analysis was employed to analyse the data. Our findings indicate that there exist six alternative outbound logistics channels that can be used separately or in combination with each other to deliver materials to end users. The study concludes that the research finding provides a potential knowledge and understanding of the manufacturers’ outbound logistics channels that can be used at the start of a project to accomplish effective planning and delivery of the whole project. The study also established the average transportation cost per average ton and average transportation cost per average distance driven for construction material delivery. This information can be used for construction material transportation management.

Open access
Construction Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (CMSMEs) Innovations

Abstract

Innovation is at the core of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs)/construction micro, small, and medium enterprises (CMSMEs) world over. Be that as it may, the overwhelming sorts of innovation among enduring and effective CMSMEs, and the effects of such innovation(s) on the achievement of the CMSMEs is hazy. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the transcendent sorts of innovation among the successful construction micro, small, and medium enterprises. The examination utilized subjective research technique to exploratively decide the sorts of innovations. Recorded interviews comprised the exploration of information from 43 CMSMEs through 14 states out of the 19 states constituting northern Nigeria. While a semi-structured interview with open-ended questions was utilized to gather information through judgmental and snowballing examining procedure at stage 1 and 2 individually. Information was transcribe interpreted, open and axial codes examined and interpreted. The outcome uncover product innovation as the main type of innovation among different types of innovation and generally in charge of the accomplishment of the CMSMEs considered. The investigation improves the collection of learning regarding basic types of innovations within CMSMEs and proposes that effective CMSMEs give more consideration to product innovation to trigger their prosperity and different types of innovation. Moreover, the aftereffect of the examination proposed failing CMSMEs can endure when they focus on product innovation.

Open access
Continuous Improvements at Operator Level

Abstract

Few empirical studies have previously reported on the implementation of takt planning and utilizing Deming cycles (PDCA) to control construction workflows continuously. This paper presents a case study from the offshore renewable industry, closely related to construction. The paper aims to develop and evaluate a conceptual model combining takt planning and the Deming cycle within the offshore wind construction environment. The conceptual model has through interactions with construction experts been modified for a visual board implementation, covering two alternative processes with a fixed number of technicians per performing team. The knowledge base for the conceptual model is based on Takt planning implementation from the lean construction community and PDCA implementation from the lean production community. The main contribution of this paper is the development and evaluation of the conceptual model combining takt planning and the Deming cycle in a construction environment. This conceptual model has potential implications in the construction and refurbishment industry.

Open access
Critical Risk Factors Associated with Public Private Partnership Housing Projects

Abstract

Studies have shown that project risks are responsible for the failure of most Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects. The study examined the critical risk factors associated with PPP housing projects. Data for the research was obtained through a questionnaire. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics and mean ratings. Corruption and bribery among contracting parties (0.681), Exchange rate volatility (0.621) Availability of development funds (0.599) and Change in government (0.580) were the critical risk factors identified. The study also indicated that project cost is highly influenced by lack of development funds and changes in interest rates. The quality of PPP housing projects in Abuja was found to be influenced by partner selection risks. The study suggested a competitive, transparent, and efficient bid process to eliminate corruption, workable strategies for ensuring the availability of development funds at a cheaper rate and adopting mixed strategy in which government continues to provide social housing to the low-income class while providing the enabling environment for the private sector to thrive.

Open access
Effective Factors on Project Success in Malaysian Construction Industry

Abstract

Although success is a word that encapsulates a general and wide idea and it is challenging to provide a definite and a consensus definition from all individuals concerned, for many years, there has been a growing interest in identification of the success factors and the relationship with project success. In this research, the main objective investigates the relationship between top management, project mission, personnel, communication and Schedule/Plan and project success in construction industry in Malaysia. A survey was conducted among Managers and Employees of construction companies registered with Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) of Malaysia and the correlation and regression analysis was carried out in order to test the hypotheses of the study. Key areas are now offered that practitioners and academics should further explore to contribute to the knowledge body on project success and to explore in more details which factors affect project success in construction industry in Malaysia.

Open access
Improving the Performance of Building Construction Firms through Addressing the Gap of Building Production Management: A New Production Model Approach

Abstract

Gap of building production management (BPM) is a serious issue that influences project success and building construction firms’ (BCFs) performance. Hence, the call for BCFs performance improvement using a new production model approach is a necessity. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of the new production model concept as a method for enhancing the performance of BCFs through addressing the gap of BPM in Nigeria. To attain this aim, a research procedure was designed to achieve two objectives which include: (i) exploring the nature of Nigerian construction industry, gap of BPM and new production model concept; (ii) investigating the awareness and application of the new production model concept as a method for enhancing the performance of BCFs in the study area. To accomplish the aforementioned aim, a research method comprised of a literature review and questionnaire surveys was designed to address the objectives. The study identified unproductive/ineffective BPM, lack of buildability and maintainability analysis, professionalism mismatch, and unauthorized practices as the gap of BPM. This study revealed that the gap of BPM is the main reason behind building failures/collapses, bad debts, low productivity, low level of clients satisfaction, high labour turnovers, and barriers to economic fortune. The study also revealed poor cash flow, lack of experience in the construction field, unprofessionalism and a high number of unskilled employees in a company, lack of co-operation from subcontractors and suppliers and poor labour relations, as the top five causes of BPM gap. BCFs in Nigeria have adopted several approaches to arrest these issues, but the challenges still occur. Thus, the new production model concept that has not been well adopted by construction firms in Nigeria, and which emphasizes on-site production, and aims at enhancing production management is a key to tackling these issues. Based on the survey findings, the study recommended that the issue of the gap of BPM must be correctly identified and clearly understood so as to enable BCFs to bridge the production management gap which will influence their performance positively.

Open access
An Investigation into the Use of Laney U Chart as a Visual Schedule Tracker to Graphically Monitor the Schedule Performance Index

Abstract

The intent of this article is to explore a mathematically sound method to graphically monitor schedule performance index (SPI) such that it enables the project manager to take objective data based decisions regarding the progress of the project schedule. The article aims to leverage the theory and application of control charts, specifically the U chart and Laney U chart and test its applicability to earned value management by trending schedule performance index on a time series chart. Off the shelf software, MinitabTM was used to generate the control charts based on earned value and planned value. While this paper proves that the Laney U chart, with correct interpretation, acts as an effective trigger-based tool for schedule risk management, it also generates further avenues for research into similar use of control charts for cost performance and other quality indices.

Open access
Leadership Skills, Stakeholder Management and Execution of Fibre Optic Infrastructure

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to investigate how leadership skills and stakeholder management acting together to influence the execution of fibre optic infrastructure. The study adopted the pragmatism research paradigm, with a cross-sectional survey design. Census was used to select 187 respondents from a target population of 187 functional members of staff in fibre optic infrastructure departments of two mobile telecommunication and four internet service companies in Nairobi County, Kenya. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data while an interview guide and document review guide were used to collect qualitative data. Inferential statistical analysis was performed using multiple regression. It was demonstrated that leadership skills and stakeholder management act together to have a significant positive influence on the execution of fibre optic infrastructure. Therefore, there is a need for companies to ensure that stakeholders are involved in all phases of a project from inception to closure. Mobile telecommunication and internet service providing companies should also develop training programs to improve the leadership skills of project leaders and make use of conflict management strategies and communication skills to ensure appropriate management of change. It was suggested that similar and comparable studies should be conducted in other countries across the world.

Open access
A Life-Cycle Framework for Managing Risks in Public Private Partnership Housing Projects

Abstract

Public private partnership projects have been adjudged to contain more risks than traditionally procured projects due to more number of parties involved and their varying interests. These risks affect the achievement of projects objectives and therefore need to be identified and treated to guarantee project success. This paper developed a life cycle framework for managing risks in PPP housing projects in Nigeria. The respondents were selected using purposeful sampling technique. The data used for the study were obtained through semi-structured questionnaire and were analysed using mean rating. Risk transfer was found to be the widely used measure for responding to risks in PPP housing projects. The criteria mostly used for risk allocation were party with the best ability to manage specific risks should they occur and ability of the party to foresee risks. A four-stage life cycle framework was developed, evaluated and validated by experts in the built environment to ascertain its reliability. The framework is recommended for PPP housing projects in Nigeria.

Open access
Project Manager’s Skills Acquisition: A Comparative Study of Indigenous and Multinational Construction Firms

Abstract

Project manager’s skills which are the competencies required for successful completion of the project play an important role in the construction industry, therefore acquiring these skills is significant for project success. However, indigenous construction firms compete with their multinational counterparts for the available skilled workforce. The study, therefore, investigates the level of project managers’ skills acquisition in indigenous and multinational construction firms in Lagos State, Nigeria. The study adopted cross-sectional survey research and data were collected using a structured questionnaire. One hundred and thirty-three questionnaires (106 indigenous and 27 multinational) were administered to project managers and 106 retrieved and valid for analysis representing 73% response rate. The techniques for analysing the data are mean score and t-test. The study revealed that the most important skill type as perceived by project managers is a technical skill and there is no significant difference in the level of skill acquisition by project managers in indigenous and multinational construction firms. Hence, the study concludes that the categorisation of construction firms has no effect on the level of skills acquisition by project managers; therefore, it plays no role in project managers’ skills acquisition. Project managers should strive towards developing themselves through training for improved performance and for successful completion of construction projects.

Open access