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Deutschland muss Deutschland bleiben – Sprachliche Selbst- und Fremdpositionierungsaktivitäten im Kontext politischer Äußerungen über Migration am Beispiel des Ausdrucks Leitkultur.

Abstract

Based on a dynamic, cultural-constructivist understanding of language and a multistage/multi-level methodological approach of discourse semantics, this contribution analyzes a section of selected texts concerning the migration discourse. In this context, the controversial term Leitkultur is given special emphasis. It turns out that within political discourse this term is closely linked to self-positioning and positioning others.

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Ein-Bildungen. Zur Bildhaftigkeit städtischer Räume

Abstract

Der Aufsatz beschreibt Situationen, in denen Phänomene, die keine Bilder sind, gleichwohl als bildhaft rezipiert werden. Solche paradoxen Verschränkungen von Realitätssphäre und Bildsphäre werden in zwei unterschiedlichen Konstellationen vorgestellt: zum einen in subjektiven literarischen Wahrnehmungsweisen („Medusenblicken“), die eine piktorale Textur in im großstädtischen Raum beobachtete Szenen hineinprojizieren, zum anderen an der Gestaltung gewisser Gebäude und Räume, die darauf abzielen, die immaterielle Sichtbarkeit, die ein Bildobjekt charakterisiert, in den real gegenwärtigen Groß-stadtraum zu integrieren.

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Forced Entanglements: Stories of Expulsion, Sovereign Power and Bare Life

Abstract

This article explores the contemporary practice of forced detainment and expulsion in Switzerland from two distinct perspectives: the 1995 law on coercive measures that first introduced the practice in Switzerland, as well as the cultural context that led to its constitution, and the documentary Le vol spécial by Fernand Melgar, made some fifteen years after the law was first introduced, which records the law’s consequences for the daily lives of rejected asylum seekers awaiting expulsion. Using Giorgio Agamben’s theoretical work on the states of exception and bare life, I seek to uncover what I call the narrative of expulsion, arguing that narrative politics operates on a number of interrelated levels not only to shape the context and practice of forced expulsion that undergird the asylum politics in Switzerland, and other countries, today, but ultimately also to change the post-enlightenment narrative of the political subject and challenge the efficacy of the Human Rights regime the world over.

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Nahrungskulturen erzählen: Sinnes- und medienästhetische Praktiken

Abstract

Wie werden Nahrungskulturen tradiert? Welche Rolle spielen (fiktive) Narrative für den Transfer der Nahrungskulturen im Bereich des Kulturerbes und des kulinarischen Tourismus? Wie und zu welchem Zweck erfolgt in den Narrativen die Hinwendung zum Körper, zu den Sekundärsinnen und zum Geschmack im Besonderen? Wie trägt diese Hinwendung zur Inszenierung der Authentizität der Nahrungskulturen und zur Inwertsetzung des kulinarischen und nichtkulinarischen Erbes bei? Und welche Bedeutung wird bei all dem den sinnes- und medienästhetischen Praktiken beigemessen? Der Beitrag demonstriert, dass (fiktive) Narrative wie ihre (multi-)mediale Umsetzung ein eigenständiges, bedeutungsgenerierendes Format für die Produktion des Kulturerbes darstellen. Im Sinne eines Differenzmerkmals verleihen Narrative den (Kulturerbe-)Produkten Exklusivität und erhöhen ihren Wert. Je authentischer die Narrative wirken – insbesondere durch ihre Kopplung an den Körper, sinnesästhetische und multisensorische, mediale Praktiken –, desto größer ist das Anreicherungspotenzial der Produkte.

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Narrative des Anthropozän – Systematisierung eines interdisziplinären Diskurses

Abstract

The Anthropocene concept originates from earth system sciences and conceptualizes humanity as a planetary geophysical force. It links current action-oriented time horizons to Earth historical deep time and implies non-separability of natures-cultures. The Anthropocene concept has resonated in debates in natural and social sciences, the humanities and the broader public, serving as an inter- and transdisciplinary bridging concept. Based on an analysis of numerous texts from multiple scientific disciplines and media, this contribution distinguishes five narratives of the Anthropocene: the disaster narrative, the court narrative, the Great Transformation narrative, the (bio-)technological and the interdependence narrative. The five narratives articulate very different perspectives and experiences and transport divergent political, economic, ethical and anthropological values and interests; this is also shown in alternative conceptualizations such as Eurocene, Technocene, Capitalocene or Plantationocene. The analysis reveals that the narratives share significant structural characteristics concerning story, plot, protagonists, spatial and temporal structure and action-oriented emplotment which together can be referred to a meta-narrative of the Anthropocene. Since the partly overlapping, partly contradictory narratives compete for legitimation and dominance in science and the broader public, the findings raise the question whether this struggle will stabilize or undermine the Anthropocene meta-narrative in the long run.

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Prekäre Natur – Schauplätze ökologischen Erzählens zwischen 1840 und 1915 ll Eine Forschungsskizze ll.

Abstract

During the second half of the long 19th century „precarious nature“ moves to the center of a variety of popular discourses. The increasing visibility of and reflection on the human manipulation and destruction of nature is equally important for an understanding of precarious nature as is the publicly received progress of science and the social transformation caused by industrialization and accompanying processes. All these fields create versions of human-nature-relations and of ‘natural’ lifestyles and -forms under increasingly precarious conditions. Precarious nature provides a perspective which allows for the recognition of the dual conditioning of nature in literature, popular science and personal as well as travel narratives and the analysis of its part in the production of affective, discursive and material environments. Ecological story-telling is a vital force which produces a specific proto-ecological knowledge in representations of village-home and forest-wilderness. Liminal spaces between nature and culture thus can be recognized as privileged sites of the negotiation of human-nature-relationships.

Open access