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Abstract

This article examines the theoretical frameworks of valuing practices and emotional labour in relation to a managerial position within a Higher Education setting. Positive aspects of these frameworks are explored along with challenges that can be faced by those striving to implement these management strategies in their practice. The methods used provided both qualitative and quantitative data via key vocabulary and phrases related to valuing practice and emotional labour as identified through observation and semi-structured interview, and the frequency of key vocabulary being used. The study takes the form of a case study. There is one participant who is a Higher Education employee working in a senior managerial position, line managing a small number of staff. This individual was chosen in order to explore their use of valuing practices and emotional labour within his management approaches. Analysis of the data identified a higher range of vocabulary relating to valuing practices than emotional labour. Overall conclusions are that valuing practices support the well-being of both leaders and staff through the motivation that is inspired by knowledgeable praise. Yet the possible risks of valuing practices should also be considered, such as non-engagement of staff. Emotional labour risks the well-being of leaders more so due to a difference in organisation and individual believes and ethos.

Abstract

The article aims to provide an analysis of Albanian legislation regarding children’s and parents’ participation in education, by taking into account their respective roles and duties as known in the legal framework, as well as their on-going functional role as participants in practice. This research will analyse Albanian legislation and policies as regards the educational system, shedding light on the steps needed to be taken towards achieving international standards regarding the promotion of the participation of children and parents in education. Albania was under a communist regime, in which parental participation in the educational system was extremely limited and information given to parents was only regarding the progress of their child. After the fall of this monist regime changes did not happen immediately in the Albanian education system. The Convention on the Rights of the Child was one of the first international instruments ratified by the Albanian government focusing on the sanctioning and protection of the rights of the child, in a time when these rights were considered non-existent. Sanctioning the right of the child to express freely his or her own views in various issues where the child’s opinion is necessary requires that Albanian legislation includes the participation of children in every field especially in education. A general principle of the Convention is that the child’s right to be heard be considered as one of the four principles needed for the interpretation of all other articles. Research also demonstrates that effective schools have high levels of children’s and parental involvement. Despite the fact that legal steps have been taken towards recognition of the involvement of children and parents in education creating bodies such as the pupils’ government, school boards, parental councils, and lately the national council of parents, there are still unclear legal ways to implement their participation in the Albanian education system. In order to make participation possible, first and foremost, it is important to provide information regarding school activities, processes and decisions which must be transmitted to the children and parents, by creating routes of communication. This can be achieved by setting up some useful mechanisms that promote children’s and parents’ participation in education.

Abstract

This paper describes a multi-case study which linked conceptions and practices of assessment for learning to developing learner autonomy within UK primary mathematics classrooms. The project explored the use of assessment for learning in mathematics lessons with Year 5 (9–10 years old) children and their teachers. Four cases were studied in depth to understand how conceptions and practices impacted upon autonomy and control for teachers and learners. A typology of assessment for learning in mathematics is proposed, along with what this might mean for both teachers and learners in terms of the balance between control and autonomy. One case in particular, that of teacher Alex, is highlighted as it exemplified the expert teacher through the conceptions and use of assessment for learning, which led to the children becoming expert learners of mathematics. The class ethos was one of value for personal autonomy. Responsibility and control of learning was a shared endeavour within a community of learners. Community in this respect was broadened to include the environment and resources within the classroom and so demonstrated learners working within an expert classroom. This article was developed from a paper first presented at the ICME 13 conference (O’Shea, 2016).

Abstract

In this article we offer a discussion around our academic-practitioner involvements with one another and with a targeted community, in relation to a particular project. In the title of the article, we have hyphenated the term academic-practitioner to render fuzzy the distinction between “academic” roles (associated with institutions of higher learning and with professional research) and the roles of “practitioners” operating and learning in the field in engagement with communities. In the article we detail our collaborations with one another and with a farming community in all undertaking (co)inquiries around options for social and ecological development. We explain how this fits the epistemological views as offered by Indigenous authors propounding an Indigenous research paradigm (with transformative intent) to generate visions of realities in-the-making, towards enhanced wellbeing in communities and towards a sustainable future. We provide a detailed example in the course of our deliberations.

Abstract

In the industrialized nation, almost every facet of our lives is permeated by technological innovation at an accelerated pace. This is especially true in the areas related to health and medicine, which has further led to the evolution of a health care system that is technologically related and capable of providing a wide range of effective therapeutic and diagnostic treatments. The application of the principles and problem-solving techniques of engineering, biology and medicine is Biomedical engineering. Biomedical engineering focuses on the advancements to improve human health at all possible levels. Biomedical engineering has emerged as a new area of research combining biology and medicine with technology, providing new designs and concepts of medical instrumentation for the diagnosis, cure and prevention of various diseases. Biomedical engineering in the last three decades has sustained growth in human resources along with the emergence of careers as graduates and postgraduates and apart from this research works, health care and technological development are some of its other aspects. The present paper will provide an insight into biomedical engineering and future scopes, specifically in India. Biomedical engineers use and apply knowledge of the modern biological principles in their designing process. A biomedical engineer can work in a wide variety of areas and disciplines. Apart from this, there are several opportunities in industries for innovations, designing and developing new techniques. In the last few years, biomedical engineering has emerged as a booming career as the area of work and research and the possibilities of innovations in this field are nearly endless. Thus, the future of biomedical engineering is tied to both the obstacles we face in the field of medical sciences and its advancements. Hence the use of the biomedical engineering method has become a necessity for human health, research and development.

Abstract

The article deals with analysis of undergraduate courses for professional training of future physical culture teachers in Poland, Germany, France, and Ukraine. These countries set a number of requirements to higher educational establishments that have professionally oriented programmes for such specialists and are almost similar in majority of the countries. It has been revealed that the content of studies is oriented on current demands of the labor market and personal needs of future physical culture teachers. Forms of organization of undergraduate courses for future physical culture teachers (lectures, seminars, practical classes, individual and group projects, individual work) have been analyzed. Undergraduate courses in Poland have been analyzed. They are oriented on search of new educational training programs that would correspond to changes on national, regional, and global educational services markets and labor markets. It has been revealed that educational system in Poland includes state and private educational establishments. The research showed that the system of higher education in Poland is regulated by state legislative acts. It has been revealed that all higher educational establishments in Germany are divided into the following groups: universities, higher vocational schools giving specialized vocational training, higher educational schools (colleges) of arts and music. The research showed that each of federal lands has certain autonomy and can independently regulate educational policy and term of educational reforms implementation. It has been revealed that demands are made to teachers, namely to professional competence, knowledge, professional ability, preparedness, and skills needed for teachers to be able to solve certain educational problems. Studies consist of compulsory and elective modules. French system of education that has vivid national specifics has been analyzed in the article. It has been revealed that France has its own system of diplomas and academic degrees. It has been described that in France, university training of specialists in physical education and sport focuses on combination of fundamental theoretical education and professional practice. The author tackles present-day requirements to professional activity of teachers and professional training of future physical culture teachers in Ukraine. The structure of higher education in Ukraine has been built based on the structure of education on developed countries approved by UNESCO, UN and other international organizations.

Abstract

The objective of this paper was to examine the meaning and function of “teachers knowledge”, both as a foundational tool used by teachers as professionals and the ways in which such knowledge is acquired, shared, and bettered. To help guide this discussion, the paper reviews the literature on related topics whilst also providing other insights and recommendations for further research. The topics have been broken down into two main parts: conceptualising teachers’ professional knowledge; and the sharing of knowledge internationally. The second of these examines the history of the topic whilst also critiquing the methods and effectiveness of sharing strategies. We find that the ways professional knowledge have been defined in public discourse are often inappropriate for the specific context of teaching. Furthermore, we find that sharing experience and knowledge between teachers is a foundational concept yet not always a straightforward matter and knowledge/experience can be a very difficult thing to transfer between one another. These obstacles can be exacerbated when it comes to the sharing of knowledge internationally, as economic disparities between participating nations can be vast and differences in culture challenging to overcome. Some nations additionally struggle in their authenticity to learn from each other. Ultimately, it is clear that “teacher knowledge” is a concept that is an area in need of further research, particularly as education reforms and curriculum adjustments are of great concern to both developing nations and their wealthier counterparts.

Abstract

This paper emphasizes the fact that the current socio-cultural conditions in Ukraine put fundamentally new requirements on professional training of future language teachers. Furthermore, the reforms in Ukrainian higher education, including its focus on the implementation of the principles of the Bologna Declaration, expect that continuing teacher training of future language teachers should result in professionally mobile, proactive and independent future language teachers. Therefore, this paper aims to analyze the continuing teacher training of future language teachers in the UK and suggest ways to improve continuing teacher training of language teachers in Ukraine. The paper indicates that the UK is at a turning point today. The country is on its way of leaving the EU, which will significantly change not only its relations with EU countries but also with other countries all over the world. Thereby, the UK needs the skills and capabilities, which will facilitate the understanding of other cultures and languages, to continue to be important for successful international relationships at all levels. The four nations of the UK have approached policy on language education in different ways, which reflect their different linguistic circumstances, and they will continue to do so. The paper states that the model of the UK language teacher includes not only professional qualities but also his or her professional and personal development in the context of professional training and retraining. The paper concludes that the use of the UK’s positive experience in providing continuing teacher training to language teachers and ensuring their professional development discovers some new opportunities for Ukraine. Further research should focus on the peculiarities of the programmes for the professional development of language teachers. It can help to enhance the quality of advanced training of language teachers in Ukraine.

Abstract

The text presents the assumptions of cross-cultural education, emphasizing that in the multicultural world it is necessary to look for solutions used in the past as regards the formation and functioning of supranational communities. The author believes that currently, in light of increasing nationalisms, cross-cultural competence that enables the formation of supranational communities is indispensable.

He points out that we should refer to the tradition of the Commonwealth of many nations in this respect. He considers the functioning of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, experiences of the multicultural policy of that time, where other nations were treated with appreciation and respect, as something that should be accomplished by contemporary cross-cultural education. He highlights the need to draw on that multicultural experiment, to reflect on it and analyze it in order to realize the essence of tradition of civil liberties and relationships between free people and communities based on freedom.

Abstract

The article analyzes the essence of the concept of “digital education”, the way of its formation in the international pedagogical discourse. The modern international tendencies of development of digital education which are shown in the conditions of acceleration of processes of digital transformation of a society and their realization in educational establishments are characterized. An important consequence of the digital revolution is the explosives growth of accessible and potentially useful information in various forms – not only traditionally textual, but also visual, audio. All paper is gradually converted to electronic format. One of the most significant innovations is the active implementation of digital education. The results of the comparative analysis have highlighted a number of major components of the digital education system. It has done the analysis of modern trends, which are today the main ones in the implementation of digital education in different educational institutions. The essence and basic qualities of distance and online learning are revealed. The role and main spectrum of tasks that automated testing in the control of knowledge and skills of education recipients is analyzed. A number of important areas are highlighted, which greatly increase the effectiveness of teaching and at the same time require a revision of traditional approaches to learning using mobile devices. Here are some of the key features of Learning Management Systems (LMS). The technology of adapting computer game techniques to non-game processes and events is discussed to increase the involvement of participants in the educational process. A number of benefits of digital education, combined with adaptive learning and personalization, have been highlighted, which are able to help each educator to achieve an optimal level of intellectual development according to his or her natural abilities and inclinations. It is established that the process of following modern trends and tendencies in the field of digital education will change the traditional plane of problems of education, the process of obtaining education will be wider and more flexible.