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Open access

Elena Dück and Robin Lucke

Abstract

After the November 2015 terror attacks in Paris, the French government reacted swiftly by declaring a state of emergency. This state of emergency remained in place for over two years before it was ended in November 2017, only after being replaced by the new anti-terror legislation. The attacks as well as the government’s reactions evoked parallels to 9/11 and its aftermath. This is a puzzling observation when taking into consideration that the Bush administration’s reactions have been criticized harshly and that the US ‘War on Terror’ (WoT) was initially considered a serious failure in France. We can assume that this adaption of the discourse and practices stems from a successful establishment of the WoT macro-securitization. By using Securitization Theory, we outline the development of this macro-securitization by comparing its current manifestation in France against the backdrop of its origins in the US after 9/11. We analysed securitizing moves in the discourses, as well as domestic and international emergency measure policies. We find extensive similarities with view of both; yet there are diff ering degrees of securitizing terrorism and the institutionalisation of the WoT in the two states. This suggests that the WoT narrative is still dominant internationally to frame the risk of terrorism as an existential threat, thus enabling repressive actions and the obstruction of a meaningful debate about the underlying problems causing terrorism in the first place.

Open access

Cosmin-Marius Grozav

Abstract

The development of this true scourge in the whole world demands a more accurate knowledge and documentation on the emergence, development, operation, motivation that underlies terrorist actions, as well as a knowledge of the funding of these terrorist groups. Considering the fact that this scourge has existed since antiquity and the Middle Ages, so it has a true “history”, developed gradually in the 1700s, it has experienced a real “explosion” since 1968, reaching the peak in 2001, it is necessary that those entitled to know in depth this “phenomenon” and if they can not eradicate it, at least to unite their efforts at an international level and limit it as much as possible. At global level, there are sufficient determinants, but also reasons for this phenomenon to have a continuous development, and we are taking in consideration the continuous development of the armaments industry and the misguided policies of some governments.

Open access

Pavel Kotlík

Abstract

Technology roadmaps have become an essential part of the European Commission’s (EC) nanotechnology policy strategies. They represent socio-technical landscapes and evolving pathways, suggesting the underlying or otherwise supportive metaphorical patterns and narrative structures. For the same reason, however, roadmaps are problematic assemblages: they can simplify and distort reality, and filter things that don’t fit. The presented study combines cognitive linguistics with narratology to scrutinise the European Commission’s nanotechnology roadmapping as a discursive formation. It targets the systematic metaphors in approximately two-hundred news and reports on nanotechnology, compiled ad hoc from the CORDIS database (between the years 1999–2015). It is argued that the identified metaphors correspond to a discourse topology of ‘locations’, ‘events’, and their structures, especially as regards to the dilemma of ‘path dependence’, overcoming ‘knowledge gaps’, and reaching ‘nanoworld’. These are accompanied by a narrative climax of developing mature science policy model, in the arrangement of actions and roles for the European governments, science (nanotechnology), policy, and the public. The study demonstrates how systematic metaphors engage all the actors in the narrative of ‘innovation journey’ to form stabilised structures of meaning, that is, spatio-temporal consolidation of nanotechnology policy. It is imperative to continuously assess the context of such consolidation, being less overt but not necessarily less effective, in privileging some meanings, interests, and practices over the others, thereby excluding other political alternatives.

Open access

Róbert Szabolcsi

Abstract

This article deals with robust H∞ optimal control of the flight control systems of the small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in the presence of the plant disturbances and sensor noises. The rationales of the theory of H∞ controller synthesis are brought into a unique frame supporting design procedures being implemented. The paper focuses on numerical example of the synthesis of the controller of the flight control system of the small UAV.

Open access

Ioan Sabin Sopa and Marcel Pomohaci

Abstract

Quality of sleep developed to be a much disputed subject in everyday life performance of men. Our study focuses on comparing two samples one of non-sportive (formed by 42 students’ age 19 ± 1.22 years) and one of professional athletes (formed by 45 sportive age between 18 ± 2.01 years). The main method used for analyzing the quality of sleep between the two samples of the research was the Athlete Sleep Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) that is a tool that analyses sleep behaviors, identify disorder in sleeping routine and determine the frequency of difficulties with sleep before and after events, competitions or intense training programs.

The results of the study showed a statistically significant differences between the two samples in the number of hours slept at night (the experiment sample having 8 to 9 hours of sleep compared with the control sample that have 6 to 7 hours); also we found differences between the time needed to fall asleep (less than 15 min at the experiment group compared with 31-60 min at the control group); less problems at sleeping in the experiment group compared with the control group and that the athletes from the experiment group are waking earlier and are a morning kind of persons compared with the control group that are more active at evening; also found differences at the caffeine doses consumed and usage of electronic devices before sleep time (the experiment have less cases compared with the control group). So the general conclusion of the study was that the level of satisfaction regarding the quality of sleep is higher at the experiment sample compared with the control sample.

Open access

Mihai-Bogdan Alexandrescu and Marius Milandru

Abstract

Permanent communication between bidders and consumers, who are usually spatially and temporarily separated, is a necessity, because prompt and correct information stimulates demand, directs it towards certain products and influences rational consumption, causes changes in the mentalities and attitudes of potential buyers, which will be reflected in the increase in the volume of sold goods and implicitely of the profit, as the sole purpose of the producer. The marketing communication system is the general framework in which promotion takes the form of the promotional mix, based on the four promotional tools: advertising, personal sales, promotion sales and public relations, aimed at presenting the organization, its products and services, at raising awareness of potential customers, and of course, at increasing sales to get more profit.

Open access

Alina Ciuhureanu

Abstract

As a managerial tool, accounting is put in the service of management, ensuring the link between the operational system and the entity’s administrating management system. In an economic context with radical and often unexpected changes, we feel that there is a constant need to improve the use of management accounting information for management based on coherent development programs combined with the regulations in force to harness the potential of the organization, the benefits it can use and minimize risks through more coordination, dynamism, and reasoning. The paper highlights that the management accounting system is involved in the internal management of the entity and provides vital information to managers in several interconnected areas: forecasting, cost calculation and analysis, coordination, decision-making, control, evaluation. Starting from the aspects that highlight the necessity and usefulness of management accounting information for management, through the selective research carried out on a sample of 301 entities, we aimed to analyze the opportunity of providing information through the management accounting system, with a series of conclusions based on the associations established.

Open access

Diana Elena Ranf and Ramona Herman

Abstract

The two concepts, knowledge management and project management have been steadily developing in recent years, with the current effort being the creation of a synergic effect from the two. The article demonstrates the need for a structured framework to group and facilitate the reuse of information and the generation of new knowledge in project management. In this context, knowledge management meets these requirements, providing a tool for improving project management practices. The article contains a review of the advantages and benefits that developers can get by adopting and implementing a project management strategy. An important contribution of the article is to develop a way to apply knowledge management in project management. This starts from the idea that a knowledge management cycle consists of four stages, which can also be applied in project management, and the knowledge passing through these stages goes through a filter, improves and generates a new knowledge.