The learning process is subject to change. The direction of changes is not unambiguous and results from different paradigms. Didactics must be subject to changes resulting from psychological processes. They take into account the universal regularities of thinking, memory, perception, emotions and motivation. Learning and teaching are complicated process that should not take into account only one paradigm.
The main intention of my text is to describe the specific of the somatic turn of cultural studies and, to follow Chris Barker’s proposition, “the desire to understand the ways in which the body becomes the object of shaping and disciplining by social and cultural forces – i.e. how the body acquires meaning in contemporary culture”. The above problem provokes the consideration of the mutual relationships between the culture of late modernity and the category of identity (especially the body in the process of identity construction). The goal outlined in this way aims to present contexts and space for the manifestation of the issues of the body in contemporary culture, The aim of the proposed deliberations is to present the problem of the body from the perspective of reflexive identity (A. Giddens), constructivism perspective (Z. Melosik, A. Gromkowska, M. Bogunia-Borowska), in selected therapeutic systems (J. Kabat-Zinn, A. Lowen, S.&C. Block) and in the final section I present the category of the body in the integral approach to development (K. Wilber). Also, I shortly summarize my analysis and I point to the dangers of the presented approaches especially in the dominant instant culture practices.
This paper concerns the place and meaning of a new category of children’s rights, which also finds its place in the area of interest of academic didactics. The current approach to human rights in schooling is basically normative, thus, the present academic didactics is challenged to prepare students of education – and teaching – related faculties to confront the issues in the field of children’s rights at work in a professional manner. The paper illustrates an author’s concept of didactics in terms of education to children’s rights at higher schools which was elaborated based of the research on the didactic aspects of children’s rights education for teachers and educationists on the academic level. The following issues were put in question and served as a basis for specific approaches to academic didactics in terms of education on children’s rights: an essence and need for inclusion of content related to children’s rights in academic learning practice, didactic tools at teacher’s disposal and their role in education for children’s rights. On the one hand, the paper presents a discussion on the professional preparation of teachers and educationists to face challenges related to protection and promotion of children’s rights within educational environments. On the other hand, it includes an attempt to merge the discrepancy between theory and practice in this field.
This study discusses the ethical issue of the development of hearing technology in the form of cochlear implants that are used by an ever-growing number of deaf and hard of hearing people. The development of this kind of technology has progressed so quickly all over the world, including Poland, that the deafness paradigms have drastically changed. This may affect, to a greater or lesser degree, not only the implementation of early support programmes, but also the image of the Deaf communities using their respective sign languages on a daily basis. It is therefore necessary to create an eclectic model of education for deaf and hard of hearing people which would allow for the ethical option to integrate the conflicting approaches on the proper procedure for deciding on the language (spoken or signed) and the culture (the hearing or the Deaf one) for the development of deaf and hard of hearing students with cochlear implants or hearing aids.
This paper’s concern is the need to construct didactic theories in the aspect of the development of general didactics. The author performs an analysis of the various ways the term ‘theory’ is understood in the many field of scientific inquiry. What follows is a discussion of the problems of scientific cognition, researcher’s methodological awareness, as well as the models of pedagogy: the scientist, hermeneutic and praxeological models. Finally, the author draws attention to the sources of researcher’s expectations, axiological dilemmas in pedagogical research and potential conflicts of values.
The study identified physical education students’ opinions about and vision of personal career. It was conducted with a questionnaire designed by A. Cybal-Michalska for planning career prospects and career development in modern society by academic youth. Results demonstrate the professional expectations of the sample to be largely met. Students of the University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw are oriented towards individualistic and collectivistic values to a similar extent. Both groups are moderately satisfied with study choices and have a realistic outlook on the difficulties in finding a job consistent with their education. They assess the prospect of a satisfactory career on an equally moderate level, although individualist-oriented students perceive significantly fewer ways of achieving professional success. Collectivistic students emphasize values characteristic of a safe future and working with people and for people. Individualistic students are geared towards innovative and creative activities. Students perceive their careers in the psychological dimension, and select lifestyle and professionalism as the lead guides in career development.
This article shows a mode of perception of the relevant didactic situation from the perspective of teacher-held communication skills. Using the analysis of rationality, presented are new areas of perception of teacher competence. In addition, with the aid of the approach presented by Jürgen Habermas, it was possible to analyse the significance of communication skills as key in the teaching profession.
The paper elaborates on the concept of the didactics of immanence. Relying on the discussion contained in a text entitled “Polityczność dydaktyki” (“Politicisation of Didactics”), it differentiates between two types of didactics, one related to transcendence and the other to immanence. Using the theoretical accomplishments of Deleuze and Lewis, the author creates a plan to build an educational machine of war.
The article assesses the quality of the educational process carried out in the dimension of the use of new media. The author argues that the modern school still uses too many analog methods, offering education not adapted to the expectations of students who are part of the digital native generation. Theoretical analysis is supplemented by the results of studies from national and international reports on the level of teachers’ media competence. The text proposes solutions that reinforce the idea of digital teaching and some of the benefits resulting from its implementation.