Shadiya Mohamed S. Baqutayan, Aini Suzana Ariffin, Magda Ismail A. Mohsin and Akbariah Mohd Mahdzir
Waqf plays a very important role in Muslim societies. It has been the main source for various public services provided to communities. It has been marginalized as a mere charity, although it has historically been successful in producing sustainable income and reducing poverty levels in Muslim countries. Traditionally, the creation of Waqf is inculcated in Muslims’ culture, and included all walks of life. It has also contributed to the service of man in various areas of development. Nonetheless, in modern times, Waqf has seen a declining role, which raises a number of questions as to what factors actually led to an earlier growth of Waqf, and what was the factor associated with its later decline. This review propagates a historical narrative of Waqf, highlighting the reasons for its decline and the need for reform. The paper concludes that if Muslims have good governments that can manage the funds are transparent, reformulates the laws governing Waqf, and design an integrated network of sciences to monitor issues and problems; they can realistically revive the practice of Waqf. The proper management and disbursement of Waqf can become a great source of revenue for the Ummah.
This paper describes advantages of using computers in teaching, but also problems that occur, as well as possibilities for their elimination. The main goal of the research is the formation of images which show the use of computers in higher education. The paper presents the results of a survey conducted among students of the Faculty of Education in Sombor (Serbia) about the use of computers in teaching. A sample of 126 respondents comprises students of the last year of all study programs. The results show that students and professors have a positive attitude about using computers in education and knowledge dissemination through computers. Most of them think that teachers have mastered basic computer knowledge, but give priority to teachers who know how to work with a computer, as well as to younger teachers. Students believe that many barriers occur during the use of computers, among which the most important is the inaccessibility of technical equipment. All barriers can be overcome through useful and practical computer seminars.
Ibrahim Nji Ngouhouo and Samuel Honoré Ntavoua
The main objective of this research is to locate channels through which public investment can be forwarded in order to impact economic growth in the CEMAC sub-region. To achieve this goal, a dynamic generalized method of moments (GMM) and the two-stage least squares (TSLS) methods have been applied. Data to test our two hypotheses were collected from various sources. The results have shown that there effectively exist significant direct and indirect effects of public investment on economic growth. We also discovered that export and employment are being considered as the last shackles of the chain. To that effect, it is recommended to the CEMAC authorities to grant more interest to these variables during the elaboration of public investment policies.
Derling José Mendoza Velazco and Jenniz La Madriz
The didactics from its educational perspective, is located in the axis of reflection and theoretical operational projection, from the edge of interaction and communication, between the being of education and the dissimilar educational models. Therefore, the present study is based on generating a theoretical approach that arises from the practice of university professors. In this case, the Universidad Iberoamericana del Ecuador (UNIB.E) will be used as the research scenario. As a first objective, the didactic models that are frequent in the practice of university professors were analyzed. The second objective of the study was to interpret the relationship between the explicit theories, and those of common use, that university professors develop in their practice. To this end, the researchers carried out qualitative research based on the interpretative-hermeneutic paradigm, using a method of analysis and ethnographic study. Structured interviews and observations, both validated through expert judgement, were used as data collection techniques. Based on the information obtained, the importance of strengthening the didactic training of some teachers was detailed as important manifestations. Highlighting the conceptualization and effective application of the different models that arise in the andragogical practices of higher education.
Nkiru Christiana Ohia, Christy N. Obi-Keguna and Uchenna M. Nzewi
In Nigeria, sexuality education was given to young people as they undergo rites of passage at the onset of puberty. It is expected that as this no longer obtains, the immediate family and the school should take on the duty. In this study, the researchers sought to know if giving sexuality education to adolescent girls will serve as a panacea to reducing teenage pregnancies and ‘baby factories’ in South East Nigeria. The subjects for the study were 22 adolescents girls of between ages 12 to 17 who supplied narrative accounts of the sexual experiences that led to their getting pregnant. The result showed that information on sexuality is still not accessible to teenagers making them pawns in the hands of people that exploit their ignorance. Based on the result, it is recommended that the family and schools should make sexuality related information available to teenage girls.
Mauricio Carvache-Franco, Wilmer Carvache-Franco, José Luis Proaño Moreira, Rafael Arce Bastidas and Orly Carvache-Franco
In the city of Guayaquil of Ecuador is located the Samanes National Recreation Area. This protected area is very visited for its diverse ecotourism activities that are carried out in this site. The empirical work was developed in situ, using a questionnaire and applying the Factorial Analysis as multivariate techniques tries to identify the different segments of the demand. The results show that there are three clusters of visitors: the first group is made up of “multiple motivational tourists”, with high motivation in all variables such as enjoying the environment and pure air, playing sports and enjoying public recreation spaces. The second group is made up of “indifferent tourists”, who present average scores on the motivational variables, as enjoying the environment and pure air, enjoying the public recreational spaces and performing sports. The third group is the largest and are known as the “Ecoturists”, who have high motivations in variables such as enjoying the environment and pure air, enjoy the public recreation spaces, sports and activities in nature and low motivations in the other variables. Carrying out segmentation studies in ecotourism in a recreation area, contributes with important information so that the public institutions in charge of the administration of these protected areas and the providers involved could supply products according to each segment of the demand.
José Santiago Arroyo-Mina and Daniel Guerrero
This paper studies the behavior of Pacific-Colombian fishermen in a Common-Pool Resource game. The results show that decision-making depends on fishermen’s schooling, sex and last round payoffs. Focusing on individual information, we observe that human capital, measured in years of schooling, has a significant effect on decision-making. Specifically, players with higher schooling adjust their decisions towards on lower levels of harvest, leading closer to the cooperative solution. This behavior could be explained by the better-educated subjects’ improved understanding of the information available to them and possible coordination of efforts due to TURF-based management in the zone.
Olusegun Ajíbóyè, Stephen Fọlárànmí and Nanashaitu Umoru-Ọkẹ
Aesthetics was never a subject or a separate philosophy in the traditional philosophies of black Africa. This is however not a justification to conclude that it is nonexistent. Indeed, aesthetics is a day to day affair among Africans. There are criteria for aesthetic judgment among African societies which vary from one society to the other. The Yorùbá of Southwestern Nigeria are not different. This study sets out to examine how the Yorùbá make their aesthetic judgments and demonstrate their aesthetic philosophy in decorating their orí, which means head among the Yorùbá. The head receives special aesthetic attention because of its spiritual and biological importance. It is an expression of the practicalities of Yorùbá aesthetic values. Literature and field work has been of paramount aid to this study. The study uses photographs, works of art and visual illustrations to show the various ways the head is adorned and cared for among the Yoruba. It relied on Yoruba art and language as a tool of investigating the concept of ori and aesthetics. Yorùbá aesthetic values are practically demonstrable and deeply located in the Yorùbá societal, moral and ethical idealisms. It concludes that the spiritual importance of orí or its aesthetics has a connection which has been demonstratively established by the Yorùbá as epressed in the images and illustrations used in this paper.
Danijela Makovec and Marko Radovan
In this article, we discuss the factors that influence early school leaving, and the measures that were taken in Slovenia to prevent it. Reducing early school leaving (ESL) to less than 10% by 2020 is one of the key objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy and Slovenia is already well below this target. According to recent analysis, Slovenia has one of the lowest rate of ESL among EU countries. In our review we will examine the reasons for such a low ESL rate and inspect institutional and policy measures that Slovenia has undertaken in order to reduce ESL and retain students in education as long as possible. We argue that Slovenia is successful in reducing ESL because of a wide-spread network of secondary schools, and measures that are directed in individualization, guidance and support for less successful students. In our estimation, one of the main reasons for the low rate of ESL in Slovenia is also the openness of vocational education system, that allows horizontal and vertical transitions. An area that needs additional attention from policy makers, concerns high-risk groups of students. There is also a need for teachers to develop additional inter-cultural and communication competencies, and schools should receive more funding for Slovenian language courses, working with the Roma, programs individualization for special needs students, extended schooling for students with special needs etc.