Zhanna Mingaleva, Nataliy Shaidurova and Vanessa Prajová
The challenges and achievements of technological upgrading are traditionally discussed in the context of the of high-tech production. However, such areas as agriculture and food production demand no less modern scientific and technological achievements. The challenges of appropriate feeding the population remain relevant. The article focuses on the examinations of issues related to the possibilities of involving modern technological achievements for the development of Russian agriculture. The main scientific methods of research were bibliographic analysis, statistical and factor analysis, comparative analysis, methods of analogies. The factual basis for the research was the official data of the Federal State Statistic Service (Rosstat), the data of technoparks in Russia, the results of modern scientific research of foreign and Russian scientists. A conclusion on the feasibility of involving the scientific and productive capacity of Russian technology parks for technological upgrading of agriculture in Russia is based on the analysis of the activities of the organizations in the country's science and technology sector, first and foremost technoparks.
Pavol Ťavoda, Ján Kováč and Zygmunt Ł Łukaszczyk
The article deals with the research of operational reliability of forest felling machines with the method FMEA (Failure Mode and Effect Analysis) and its implementation for observed machines in the organization. Forwarders 810D by John Deere were chosen for this research. The research was realized in real operational conditions. Application of the FMEA method allows flexibility in case of unexpected situations and optimization of human potential abilities. FMEA tool is a tool preventing outages operational reliability and preventive tool for ensuring the maintenance of facilities. This paper explores and verifies the operational reliability theory in practical real-world conditions, resulting in a reduction in operating (variable) costs, minimization of failures and readiness and increased performance of observed machines.
Ladislav Karrach and Elena Pivarčiová
The paper deals with the possibilities of using Data Matrix codes in production engineering. We designed and tested the computationally efficient method for locating the Data Matrix code in the images. The location search procedure consists of identification of candidate regions using image binarization, then joining adjacent points into continuous regions and also examining outer boundaries of the regions. Afterwards we verify the presence of the Finder Pattern (as two perpendicular line segments) and Timing Pattern (as alternating sequence of black and white modules) in these candidate regions. Such procedure is invariant to shift rotation and scale change of Data Matrix codes. The method we have proposed has been verified on a set of real industrial images and compared to other commercial algorithms. We are also convinced that such technique is also suitable for real-time processing and has achieved better results than comparable commercial algorithms.
Ján Turis, Pavel Beňo and Witold Biały
The article deals with the experimental detection of the tribotechnical parameters for two different types of sliding bearings which are intended for operation without an additional lubrication due to the increasing requirements in ecology and environment. The dominant tribotechnical parameters of the self-lubricating bearing are the coefficient of friction and temperature. To determine these parameters, an experimental method was applied in this paper. The introductory part deals with materials of self-lubricating sliding bearings, their properties and usage. The experimental part consists of the evaluation of friction characteristics and geometric change of a surface after sliding pairs were being worn. Experimental examined sliding pairs comprise a sliding bearing and the shaft. The aim of this research was to determine the effect of radial force on tribotechnical parameters in order to predict the behavior of examined sliding bearings in real operating conditions.
Miroslava Ťavodová, Daniela Kalincová and Ivana Slováková
In this paper we discuss the possibility of increasing service life of tools used in forestry for mulching of undesirable forest growths. In a heterogeneous working environment in which they are operated, such tools are subjected to constant abrasion and impact loading. There are several ways how to extend their service life and operational fitness. One of these is hard surface treatment, or hard surfacing of their functional surfaces. In our experiment, we chose suitable hard surfacing materials and applied these on the sample materials using the MMA and MAG welding. The hard surface was applied in an one layer. Subsequently, we performed hardness tests, microscopic analysis of the structure of the basic material and the hard surface and evaluation of the fusion penetration of the base material with the hard surfacing weld. Fusion is crucial as it determines the cohesiveness of the weld and base materials and thus also the actual extension of the service life of the tools.
Tanyana Nikolaevna Ivanova, Aleksandr Ivanovich Korshunov and Vladimir Pavlovich Koretckiy
Cost-efficient, enabling technologies for keeping and increasing the reservoir recovery rate of oil-formations with high water cut of produced fluids and exhausted resource are really essential. One of the easiest but short-term ways to increase oil production and incomes at development of oil deposits is cost of development and capital cost reduction. Therefore, optimal choice and proper feasibility study on the facilities for multilayer oil fields development, especially at the late stage of reservoir working, is a crucial issue for now-day oil industry. Currently, the main oil pools do not reach the design point of coefficient of oil recovery. The basic feature of the late stage of reservoir working is the progressing man-made impact on productive reservoir because of water injection increasing for maintaining reservoir pressure. Hence cost-efficient, enabling technologies for keeping and increasing the reservoir recovery rate of oil-formations with high water cut of produced fluids and exhausted resource are really essential. To address the above concerns the dual completion petroleum production engineering was proposed. The intensity of dual completion of formation with of different permeability is determined by rational choice of each of them. The neglect of this principle results a disproportionately rate of highly permeable formations development for the time. In effect the permeability of the formations or their flow rate is decreasing. The problem is aggravated by lack of awareness of mechanics of layers' mutual interference in producers and injectors. Dual completion experience in Russian has shown, that success and efficiency of the technology in many respects depend on engineering support. One of the sufficient criteria for the choice of operational objects should be maximal involvement of oil-saturated layers by oil displacement from seams over the economic life of well producing oil. If it is about getting high rate of oil recovery for irregular formations there is no alternative to dual completion and production. The recommended dual completion petroleum production technology enables development several formations by single well at the time. The dual completion petroleum production technology has been more important than ever because it is right not only for formations but for thin layers with undeveloped remaining reserves.
Aneta Michalak and Sebastian Dziugiewicz
Because of deteriorating condition of the environment and more and more difficult situation on the market of energy fuels, the role of renewable energy sources is increasing. In the paper an analysis was performed on the development limitations and perspectives of renewable energy sources on the Polish market. The analysis conducted shows that the renewable energy sources start to be used in a bigger scale in Poland. It may also be noticed that the significance of the particular renewable energy sources is dynamically changing in time. In year 2005 hydropower was largely dominating among the renewable energy sources, however, in 2016 wind power was clearly prevailing. One of the most important factors determining the development of renewable energy sources in Poland are legal conditions. They were subject to analysis, taking into account the European Union regulations and Polish regulations. The research was based on literature review, analysis of legal regulations and of data coming from the reports and statistics published by the Central Statistical Office, Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Environment, Energy Regulatory Office, Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management, and other organizations.
Darina Matisková, Michal Balog and Jozef Husár
The paper deals with the optimization of production processes and the setting of criteria for reducing production costs. Any company is not just a leap in production, but a lean has to be gradually transferred to all its activities. This created the concept of a lean company first. The skill of an enterprise is to perform only the activities that are needed, to do them right for the first time, to make them faster than others and to spend less resources at the same time. The company's business is that the company does exactly what the customer wants, with a minimum number of activities that do not add value to the product or service. The Lean Production System focuses mainly on eliminating waste in every activity of the manufacturing enterprise.
Łukasz Bołoz and Leonel F. Castañeda
The cutting drums are the basic working components of many mining machines. The article focuses on differences in the design of cutting drums depending on the expected working conditions. Then, the unique calculation procedure is presented which allows to determine the load on the unit by reducing the forces acting on a single pick, taking into account the picks bent on the cut-off disc. Until now, this has been omitted in the literature. The results of the calculations for the selected cutting drum performed in MATLAB are also presented. The further section proposes to use Autodesk Inventor Professional's iLogic Tool for quick modelling of cutting drums. The principles of creating parameterized models and compositions using programming elements in the form of iLogic scripts are presented. The articles presented a ready-made units generator, taking into account the possibility to determine values of selected numerical parameters of the unit: diameter, web, number of patches and cutting pitch. The generator also allows you to select the type of pick holders, conical pick types, as well as the choice of pick system for repositioning or matching picks.