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Abrasive Water Jet Cutting of Stainless-Steel Optimization by Orthogonal Array Approach

Abstract

The paper presents the use of Taguchi method to optimize the cutting of stainless steel by Abrasive Water Jet. Shown are the influence of the most important machining parameters, such a traverse speed, abrasive grains size and concentration of abrasive in the jet on the maximum depth of cut. Analysis of variance - ANOVA was used to determine the effect of machining parameters on the cutting depth. Based on the calculated signal/noise ratios for individual parameters of the cutting process, their impact on cutting depth was determined and optimal process conditions were determined in order to reach the maximum depth of cut. The empirical verification of this process was also performed by comparing the depth of cut predicted and achieved in the tests.

Open access
Application of E-Learning in Academic Education on the Direction of Safety and Hygiene of Work - Opportunities and Challenges in Opinions Conducting Classes and Students

Abstract

The study defines the concept of e-larning and presents the requirements for conducting an effective course to achieve the assumed learning outcomes. As an element of the introduction to the subject, the advantages and disadvantages of e-learning resulting from the experience over the years of organizations that used or continue to use such forms of teaching are presented. The research part presents the results of research carried out in a deliberately selected group of academic teachers and a group of students. The research results presented and discussed include such aspects as: expectations, advantages, disadvantages, fit, convergence of opinions and proposals for improvement of classes conducted in the e-learning mode in the field of Safety and Health at Work. The study is completed by conclusions and proposals of utilitarian solutions in the field of conducting academic education for selected subjects in a fixed time dimension in the form of e-learning.

Open access
A Brief Review of Robotic Machining

Abstract

The approach of this paper was to analyze the technical borders of industrial robots and to provide an overview of current technology, technical constraints and the potential types of future research suggestion concerning robotic machining. These complex automation machines used in manufacturing processes are an emerging chapter of industrial engineering that contribute to automatically performing operation in subtractive manufacturing and sheet metal forming processes. Compared with CNC machines which have shape limitations and have the restricted working area, the industrial robot is a flexible, cost-saving alternative.

Open access
Cardiac Imaging in Arrhythmias

Abstract

Cardiac arrhythmias occur frequently in valvular patients. In valvular patients the role of echocardiography is essential, due to prognostic variations. A common indication of CT coronarography is the evaluation of the coronary arteries, with the highlighting of the light coronary plaques, but also accurately measures the dimensions of the left atrium and the anatomy of the pulmonary veins. In the last years cardiac MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) has been used in the clinic and research media to establish the gold standard measurement for the volumes of heart cavities, their function and tissue structure. All these three methods are essential for the evaluation and treatment of the cardiac patient with important arrhythmia.

Open access
Customizable Patient-Specific Cutting Guide for High Tibial Osteotomy

Abstract

The paper is an interdisciplinary medical and engineering approach that aims to optimize the accuracy of the High Tibial Osteotomy surgical intervention. The axial deviations of the human inferior limb are presented in the first part of the paper. Without altering the shape of the bones, these deviations cause the wear of the knee’s articular cartilage by gonarthrosis. One of the most common and effective treatment modalities for eliminating axial deviations is High Tibial Osteotomy. Because the surgical procedure involves 3D spatial bone cutting, the accuracy of the procedure and thus the success of the operation and the recovery of the patient is dependent on the execution of these cuts. Within this paper, a specialized device is proposed that makes it possible to guide the surgical saw and to accurately perform the correction angles. In the last part of the paper, customization possibilities and fabrication of the main elements of the cutting device using Additive Manufacturing processes are presented.

Open access
Determination of the Number of Objects through Weight and Image Processing

Abstract

Estimating the number of identical objects is a fundamental recognition task that requires exhaustive human effort. Automating this task in a warehouse would reduce the human load significantly. In this paper, we propose a method to automatically detect the number of objects, requiring only low-tech hardware and low-processing software, in a manner that provides optimal performance for the needed tasks. This method combines the physical weight of objects and simple image processing that do not require complicated operations, such as the detection of objects and their locations or the extraction of object figures. The experimental results demonstrate the increased effectiveness of the proposed method compared to methods based on weight alone or on image processing alone.

Open access
Experimental Testing of Some Polymer Materials

Abstract

The research aims to test polymer materials as the plastic materials: UHMWPE and POM, to observe there characteristics, to determing how they can be used and what we can obtain from them. We wanted to see the strong and the weak values that characterize them, what kind of parts we can produce from them and in what case we can use it. By applying this tests is necessary in order to see real datas that can help you compare them, and lead you to conclusions. Using these methods of testing materials leads to the establishment of real properties of the material and to the establishment of new configurations necessary to be made to the manufactured parts.

Open access
Improvement of the National Research, Development and Innovation Strategy 2014-2020 in Comparison with the National Research, Development and Innovation Strategy 2007-2013

Abstract

The European Union regularly develops research, development, innovation (RDI) strategies for seven years for member countries. Romania benefited from the first RDI strategy during the period 2000-2007, during which our country was trying to meet the conditions of EU accession. Romania is a member of the EU since 1st January 2007 and started, based on the EU’s RDI strategy, to develop its own strategy. The present paper aims to analyze the achievement of the general and specific objectives established by National Strategy for Research, Development and Innovation (NSRDI) 2007-2013, the evolution of the results 2014-2017 and what could be the measures and programs taken by Romania in 2019-2020 to bring our country closer to achieving the established objectives through NSRDI for the period 2014-2020.

Open access
Main Requirements of a Cyber Physical Production System Demonstrator

Abstract

The paper is focused on identifying the main requirements for developing a CPPS demonstrator prototype. This research aims to categorize the main components and interactions within a new manufacturing system which are required to accommodate a CPPS. The proposed CPPS demonstrator also includes the preliminary requirements identified from the discussions with the regional industry, so that the prototype of the production system could be easily understood and also be the basis for further collaborations. The identified requirements were structured according to the top-down principle focusing on accomplishing the major objectives to be achieved through the prototype of the production system but also on the detailed concepts of the product and the production stations, thus preparing the choice for a concrete technical solution.

Open access
Measurements of Galvanic Skin Response on Subjects Affected by Stress

Abstract

The aim of the present paper is to study the Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) level on subjects affected by stress. The device that we have used, connects to the people by finger electrodes to record GSR. The purpose was to find statistical differences between the activities (mental task, walking, sitting and to fill out a survey about their lives) and their stress level. During the experiment, it was found that the survey caused the source of high stress and increasing skin conductance was caused by sweat secretion (mental, physical activity). Is needed to work of collecting data from more subjects because GSR is depended on human behaviour, is variable upon many factors (their eating habits, their emotional state, their gender, their relationship with family, etc) and we need to build a substantial data set for a valid research.

Open access