The purpose of this paper is to explore and analyse the assessment of financial resources used in occupational safety measures. The paper is based on workplace risk assessment, mandatory health examinations, occupational health surveillance, accident analysis, analysis of the budget and costs of SEMS.
In nursing homes, managers need to create work environment which considers patient’s and worker’s needs and helps the organization to respond to a complicated and changing environment. The aim of the study is to investigate the influence of working environment on care workers’ safe behavior. We used KIVA questionnaire (characterizes the wellbeing workers). Our study reveals that in order to create the blame-free culture and non-punitive environment, the managers should pay attention to several factors: commitment, communication, leadership, collaboration, teamwork and learning.
Waste management is often recognised in the society as an activity sector possessing an extensive potential harm on technogenic safety. As most of the European Union countries have experienced at least theoretical shift from waste management to resource management, it is now extremely important to implement this shift in practice, moving from disposing waste or by-products to developing a cooperation network that allows different industries to use each other’s waste as resources. This shift will lead to saving of primary resources and raw materials and develop recycling and reuse, bringing them to a higher level.
Aleksandrs Politika, Māris Ziemelis, Inese Vilcāne, Vladimirs Jemeļjanovs and Valentīna Urbāne
The article contains a study on technical resources of the State Fire and Rescue Service (hereinafter referred to as SFRS) for the provision of rescue works at height, its technical capabilities and problems in performance of particular tasks. Since most of ladder trucks and lift trucks used by SFRS are obsolete both physically and morally as well as in view of problems with provision of rescue works arising with changing specificity of urban infrastructure, it is necessary to renew SFRS motor fleet with a modern machinery, more efficient in firefighting and rescue works. The study aims to review the variety of SFRS lift trucks and ladder trucks, reflect the problems with operation of SFRS lift trucks and ladder trucks and propose to SFRS possible solutions for operation of SFRS lift trucks and ladder trucks and other problems.
René Arvola, Kaja Lutsoja, Ülo Kristjuhan and Piia Tint
Developed countries are concerned about financial problems that are caused by people’s continuously extending life span. Telework can be seen as a tool of influencing the senior employees to postpone their retirement. Current research uses empirical data from a survey with 127 respondents that work for real estate companies in Estonia. Results show that a great number of older people who are currently working with information communication technology (ICT) agree to work longer if they can use telework. It is necessary to educate employees and employers about the disadvantages and risks concerning telework as well as introducing the potential of telework.
Human society is more and more negatively influencing the environment. Besides caused damage, there is inefficient use of resources. An efficient approach to reducing the negative influence on environment at constant development of society has to be complex. It is relevant to consider possible variants of saving approach towards resources that the human takes from the environment and, at that, to take into account the possibility of recycling them and using sources of renewable energy. At that point, active social mind towards ecological problems and ways of solving them in different areas of technocratic society’s activity is important.
Julia Pushkina, Vladimirs Jansons and Konstantins Didenko
The aim of this paper is to prove the application of multi-criteria analysis methods for optimisation of fire risk identification and assessment process. The object of this research is fire risk and risk assessment. The subject of the research is studying the application of analytic hierarchy process for modelling and influence assessment of various fire risk factors. Results of research conducted by the authors can be used by insurance companies to perform the detailed assessment of fire risks on the object and to calculate a risk extra charge to an insurance premium; by the state supervisory institutions to determine the compliance of a condition of object with requirements of regulations; by real state owners and investors to carry out actions for decrease in degree of fire risks and minimisation of possible losses.
The aim of this paper is to perform an analysis of the occupational health and safety system in the enterprise, identifying factors, which affect the amount of occupational health and safety costs, as well as present proposals to reduce occupational health and safety costs and improve the occupational health and safety system.
Õnnela Paas, Virve Siirak, Jelena Hartšenko, Karin Reinhold and Piia Tint
The safety management system has been analysed in 16 Estonian enterprises using the MISHA method (Method for Industrial Safety and Health Activity Assessment). The factor analysis (principal component analysis and varimax with Kaiser analysis) has been implemented for the interpretation of the results on safety performance at the enterprises implementing OHSAS 18001 and the ones that do not implement OHSAS 18001. The division of the safety areas into four parts for a better understanding of the safety level and its improvement possibilities has been proven through the statistical analysis. The connections between the questions aimed to clarify the safety level and performance at the enterprises have been set based on the statistics. New learning package “training through the questionnaires” has been worked out in the current paper for the top and middle-level managers to improve their safety knowledge, where the MISHA questionnaire has been taken as the basis.
Karin Kuimet, Marina Järvis, Anu Virovere and Jelena Hartšenko
This paper contributes to the development of the human resource management (HRM), organisational (safety) culture and knowledge management literature through developing the linkage and relationship among them. The article suggests that the HRM concepts and frameworks could play an important role in the safety knowledge exchange within the organisation. The research method includes exploratory case studies, interviews and evaluation questionnaires in order to clarify how HRM practices are adopted for safety management systems.