The challenges and achievements of technological upgrading are traditionally discussed in the context of the of high-tech production. However, such areas as agriculture and food production demand no less modern scientific and technological achievements. The challenges of appropriate feeding the population remain relevant. The article focuses on the examinations of issues related to the possibilities of involving modern technological achievements for the development of Russian agriculture. The main scientific methods of research were bibliographic analysis, statistical and factor analysis, comparative analysis, methods of analogies. The factual basis for the research was the official data of the Federal State Statistic Service (Rosstat), the data of technoparks in Russia, the results of modern scientific research of foreign and Russian scientists. A conclusion on the feasibility of involving the scientific and productive capacity of Russian technology parks for technological upgrading of agriculture in Russia is based on the analysis of the activities of the organizations in the country's science and technology sector, first and foremost technoparks.