Modern technical environments require a high degree of reliability both in machinery and in equipment. Technological progress has, on the one hand, increased this efficiency but on the other hand, it has changed the way in which this equipment and these machines have traditionally been maintained. The authors have set the following assumptions. In order to survive in the market and develop, modern production enterprises realize the assumptions of Industry 4.0, wherein the optimization of maintenance processes is important because of the financial situation. This includes the profits made by the production company and differs from traditional maintenance, by shifting towards new trends such as predictive maintenance; as such, it is crucial for the development of the company. The article is devoted to the most modern predictive maintenance strategy, in the maintenance department of a manufacturing company. The publication describes the meaning of the method, its potential and the theory of action.