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Open access

Przemysław Kucharski, Andrzej Romanowski, Krzysztof Grudzień, Laurent Babout and Paweł Woźniak

Abstract

We present TomoTable—a research prototype of a position sensing device hidden inside an ordinary table. While the Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) field has extensively explored possibilities for spatially-aware multi-device interactions, the sensing methods that would enable such systems are still complex and hard to deploy in the wild. TomoTable presents a possibility of easily deployable invisible positional sensing that uses electrical capacitance tomography (ECT). Electrodes are embedded inside the table structure and provide accurate imaging of what is placed on the table. The entire system is invisible to the user. Objects can be identified based on their electrical properties. Our work creates opportunities for in-the-wild studies using multi-device systems. In this paper, we share the technical concept of TomoTable, preliminary insights on its use and perspectives for future studies.

Open access

Agnieszka Leszczyńska, Aleksandra Kowalska, Krzysztof Grudzień, Andrzej Romanowski and Dominik Sankowski

Abstract

The control of dense phase pneumatic convening process is not a trivial task. The control of bulk solids flow phenomena requires detailed knowledge about the temporal and spatial changes of material concentration during flow. This paper describes application of electrical capacitance tomography for the characterization of the pneumatic conveying of solids. The level of concentration changes obtained with the aid of tomography imaging and calculated flow velocity allows monitoring flow behaviour during the granular material transport process. The cross-correlation technique applied for image processing as well as the calculated pixels-based flow velocity profile together with the proposed visualisation method of tomography images sequence provide information about flow conditions. The study of flow characterization, based on ECT data, was conducted for measurements gathered with different flow conditions, including flow blockage.

Open access

Michał Majchrowicz and Mateusz Hufnagiel

Abstract

Internet of Things (IoT) devices are big part of concept, which is called by electronic producers and many others Smart Home. Authors of this paper have decided to take a look at it and as a result of this analysis propose and implement (in a form of working prototype) a system that could manage different kinds of devices.

The main objective of the project presented in this paper is a device that looks like a mirror and it is known to most people also is an interactive center, a place to obtain information of the devices that surround us and various parameters coming from sensors. Authors have prepared a prototype, that will be the central point of the apartment and will allow users to control all devices connected to this main system. Prototype allows to connect external sensors over GPIO (general purpose input/output) interface or Internet connection. There is also a possibility to add another communication interfaces such as 433MHz radio module, which is very cheap and works great in small areas or bluetooth module.

Open access

Wojciech Bieniecki and Sebastian Stoliński

Abstract

The paper provides a comparison of three variants of algorithms for automatic assessment of some examination tasks involving sketching a function graph based on image processing. Three types of functions have been considered: linear, quadratic, and trigonometric. The assumption adopted in the design of the algorithm is to map the way the examiner assesses the solutions and to achieve the evaluation quality close to the one obtained in manual evaluation. In particular, the algorithm should not reject a partly correct solution and also extract the correct solution from other lines, deletions and corrections made by a student. Essential subproblems to solve in our scheme concern image segmentation, object identification and automatic understanding. We consider several techniques based on Hough Transform, least square fitting and nearest neighbor based classification. The most reliable solution is an algorithm combining least square fitting and Hough Transform.

Open access

Joanna Sekulska-Nalewajko, Jarosław Gocławski and Dominik Sankowski

Abstract

Recently, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been tested as a contactless technique helpful for damaged or spoofed fingerprint recovery. Three dimensional OCT images cover the range from the skin surface to papillary region in upper dermis. The proposed method extracts from cross-sections of volumetric images (B-scans) high intensity ridges in both air-epidermis and dermis-epidermis interfaces. The extraction is based on the localisation of two OCT signal peaks corresponding to these edges. The borders are spline smoothed in two orthogonal planes of the image space. The result images are presented and compared with camera views.

Open access

Damian Faustryjak, Michał Majchrowicz and Lidia Jackowska-Strumiłło

Abstract

The paper presents a web application for navigation through the university campus, which is based on Global Positioning System GPS and OpenStreetMap. The application has a multilayer structure and multi-labelling support. The proposed solution ensures better management of visual data and more efficient image processing comparing to the other known methods. With the new search system, users can place a lot of information on one layer without losing the legibility of displayed data. All the information that was displayed on the map was grouped and assigned to the appropriate categories.Therefore a map contains a lot of related information that needs to be linked to each other. The system has been divided into modules that ensure the integrity of the displayed things. Presenting so much information at the same time is managed by modules. Their main job is to provide results that is then segregated and grouped. The system presented in this paper was applied for Lodz University of Technology.

Open access

Ritu Singh and Mantosh Biswas

Abstract

Scattering and absorption of light in water leads to degradation of images captured under the water. This degradation includes diminished colors, low brightness and undistinguishable objects in the image. To improve the quality of such degraded images, we have proposed fusion based underwater image enhancement technique that focuses on improving of the contrast and color of underwater images using contrast stretching and Auto White Balance. Our proposed method is very simple and straightforward that contributes greatly in uplifting the visibility of underwater images.

Open access

Charu Jain, Priti Singh and Ajay Rana

Abstract

This paper presents the use fuzzy logic with adaptive resonance theory-1 in signature verification. Fuzzy model is capable of stable learning of recognition categories in response to arbitrary sequences of binary input pattern. The work was carried out on two famous available signature corpuses i.e. MCYT (Online Spanish signatures database) and GPDS (Grupo de Procesado Digital de la se?al). Local binary patterns (LBP) and Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrices (GLCM) features were calculated for robust offline signature verification system. Training and verification was done using fuzzy adaptive resonance theory-1(FART-1). The system is trained and verified for different datasets to increase the accuracy of the classifier. The results thus obtained are robust than other existing techniques. The FAR and FRR for the system is 0.74% and 0.83% respectively.

Open access

Ulkar Sattarova

Abstract

The paper describes the process of actual experiment for practical confirmation of the effectiveness of new technologies. New software is proposed for investigating a real stochastic process. Technology and software are designed for fast calculation, analysis of adequate estimates of statistical characteristics, confirming the effectiveness of suggested technology, with high accuracy.

Open access

Tomasz Klekiel

Abstract

Recognition of objects in pictures and movies requires the use of techniques, such as filtering, segmentation and classification. Image filtering is required to remove all artifacts that hinder the unequivocal identification and sharpen interesting objects. Segmentation refers to finding areas of images respected to individual objects. For the selected areas corresponding to objects in the selected picture, the classification of objects finally gives information about the type of object which orientation is made. This paper presents a method for the classification of objects from drawings as a bitmap using the method of fundamental solutions (MFS). The MFS was tested on the selected bitmap depicting simple geometric shapes. The correlations between errors occurring on the boundary for particular shapes are used for the selection of geometric shape figures. Due to this correlation, it is possible to recognize the shape of the image appearing on the drawing by an analysis consisting of the comparison of recognized points describing the shape of contour to a database containing solutions of boundary value problems for the selected shape. In one way, the comparison of the pattern can determine which shape from database it is most similar to in terms of contour. This article appear that this approach is very simple and clearly. In result, this method can be used to recognition of the objects in the systems of real-time processing.