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Open access

Iulia Nitu

Abstract

Strawberries, the single species in the orchards which appropriate in the same time at common culture in the field and in protected culture, is of great importance on the line of profitability.. We can expect that in the next years the requirements for strawberries fresh and preserved, fruit with an exceptional taste, will double or even triple.

For this reason, I noticed the strawberry culture in the field, at three varieties (Surprise des Halles, Red Gauntlet, Senga Sengana), into an favorable ecosystem for studied species and in various crop systems advantageous from economically point of view.

The objectives of the paper are to capitalize and promote the strawberry culture in the area where the observations were made, the south of Teleorman County.

Open access

Mirela Cărătuș Stanciu

Abstract

This paper presents data on sheep breeding in Romania and on a international level. The main objectives of the national breeding program will be presented. A study has been conducted to find out how consumers perceive buying sheep meat and their attitudes towards it. Strong effort is needed to promote the consumption of sheep meat, which will lead to the support of the sheep sector. It is necessary to form a strong consumer preference for sheep meat by communicating the positive (natural product) and durable characteristics of the product.

Open access

Mirela Cărătuș Stanciu

Abstract

This paper presents the events meant to promote Sibiu as a European Gastronomic Region. The collection of data from local public authorities and operators from traditional local gastronomy was carried out. The participation in three gastronomic events organized in the countryside allowed us to observe the number of locals involved in events, exhibitors and visitors. Local gastronomy products have also been identified. The sociological survey among 48 visitors allowed us to pinpoint the profile of people who participate in such events.

Open access

Mariana Sandu and Stefan Mantea

Abstract

Agri-food systems include branching ramifications, which connect in the upstream the input suppliers with farmers, and downstream farmers, processors, retailers and consumers.

In the last decades, at the level of the regions, food systems have undergone rapid transformation as a result of technological progress.

The paper analyzes the changes made to the structure, behavior and performance of the agri-food system and the impact on farmers and consumers. Also, the role of agricultural research as a determinant factor of transformation of agri-food system is analyzed.

The research objective is to develop technologies that cover the entire food chain (from farm to fork) and meet the specific requirements of consumers (from fork to farm) through scientific solutions in line with the principles of sustainable agriculture and ensuring the safety and food safety of the population.

Open access

Simona Nicoleta Stan, Amalia-Gianina Străteanu, George Cosmin Colang and Marian Nicolae

Abstract

In the last decades, the awareness of the harmful effects of environmental pollution on the quality of life of human beings has greatly increased.

This awareness led to the legal regulation of the fundamental right to breathe fresh air, to drink clean water and to eat safe food. Among the concerns of the European institutions, we highlight the right to a healthy environment, as recognized in the Stockholm and Rio statements, but also the consumer’s right to use safe consumer products.

Creating a framework of principles and procedures in accordance with the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, to guide States in the formulation of bio-laws, policies or other instruments in the field of bioethics, legislation to protect and promote the interests of present and future generations and to emphasize the importance of biodiversity and its conservation as part of the common heritage of humanity.

Open access

Robert Blaj

Abstract

The work presents the forest areas managed by the Forestry Department of Sibiu, the use of the wood mass. The most important locations of D.D. Sibiu, used to accommodate hunters.

Open access

Kirilesko Aleksei, Khomina Veronika, Stroianovskyi Vasyl and Chyncnyk Oleksandr

Abstract

The results of energy estimation of a crop rotation link in the western part of Forest Steppe of Ukraine are presented. It is established that all proposed fertilizer systems are effective in terms of energy storage. It is proved that the use of mineral fertilizers in combination with organic fertilizers increases Kee indices by a factor of 1.2.

Open access

Amalia-Gianina Străteanu and Simona Nicoleta Stan

Abstract

Eco-efficiency is based on environmental, social and economic principles, focusing not only on the use of fewer natural resources (raw materials) and energy but also on the cost-effective use of new technologies (eco-innovation) for the same volume of production and generation of low waste (efficient production). Agro-ecosystems globally, once with the development of the pesticide industry (plant protection products) and under the influence of aggressive marketing, have been based on the large-scale application of big amounts (perhaps too high) of pesticides. Many of the pesticides used in agriculture have a high persistence and degrade very slowly, which leads to the soil, water and even air pollution, with negative effects on plants, animals and, implicitly, humans. If these are used in short term and at low concentrations, pesticides can have beneficial effects (crop protection and their conservation and prevention of vector-borne disease) but in large quantities and applied over a long period of time can be toxic to humans and with a negative impact on the environment and ecosystems (degrading essential ecosystem services).

Open access

Simona Nicoleta Stan and Amalia-Gianina Străteanu

Abstract

On the international scene, Europe expresses its views and acts concerted at an economic and political level, from trade and trade agreements to citizens’ safety and security as priority areas.

Member States’ security cooperation has become routine. But the EU-27 is still the main promoter of European citizens’ food safety and security through sustained, transparent and sustainable deners, in order to combat climate change, limiting the use of bioresources conservation of genetic resource biodiversity.

One of the strongest enemies of biodiversity is “poverty” and protection against it necessarily implies improving the well-being of humanity and fighting against underdevelopment.

Open access

Sînziana Venera Morărița

Abstract

Although relatively recent, peach culture has grown great in our country due to the special quality of the fruit, its very complex chemical composition and the large production that can be obtained without much effort. Peach is a species slightly adapted to our climatic conditions, suffers from winter frost, but can provide productive and long productions of 10-15 years.