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Abstract

Drama writings and theatre performances have always been, in my opinion, the mirror in which our society reflects itself. If in the decades before the 90s our society witnessed a total or quasi-total lack of freedom and a lack of voices to be heard in theatres, in the 90s we have all been witnesses to an absolute freedom that has been constantly managed chaotically. Immediately after The Revolution, the long lost freedom has soon become confusing and has turned into a heavy tormenting issue. The new drama writing and theatre performance have needed more than 10 years to change into something new. The independent theatres and the new drama have arisen as a reaction to the crisis that our theatres underwent in the 90s. The new artist of the new millennium is often self-taught, he has to improve his organizational abilities, to think big when it comes to new projects, to see the bigger picture and not to remain stranded into his own piece of art.

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Abstract

With a selection of both themes and delicate topics of the present, the Myths Reinterpreted in Contemporary Francophone Dramatury Anthology brings together established voices and young spirits around texts focused on young audiences. Jean-Pierre Dopagne, Axel Cornil, Marine Bachelot Nguyen, Veronica Mabardi, Gustave Akakpo, Jean- François Guibault and Andreanne Joubert are the authors present between the covers of this mosaic, but harmonious volume. The great figures of the Greek tragedy are seen again by the dwarves on the shoulders of the giants, much like the present with which they come to overlap.

Abstract

In this article I would like to point out the importance of the functionality of the soundtrack in film and theatre. First of all, I can mention that the chosen thematic has an almost unexistent bibliography due to the decreased number of theoretical works in this domain, and the few existent studies handle the same thematic from different angles, causing a lack of balance in the processing of musical and technical context. In most cases the cultural audience doesn’t watch a movie or a theatrical play for its music, but is yet 50% influenced by it, noticing it only when the background music changes into an objectively or subjectively disturbing one. On the other hand, if a movie has an impecable soundtrack, the audience won’t be bothered by it. These informations lead to the conclusion that the soundtrack has a big influence on our subconscience, dominantly on the auditive and less on the visual one.

Abstract

This article examines the choices made by Norwegian distribution companies during three key phases of cinema lockdown and reopening in 2020. Though the article mainly aims to chronicle this particular moment in time I find that Norwegian and Scandinavian VOD-services acted differently than international services and that, while distributor companies used several different strategies in the face of sudden change, no one was close to recouping the losses from the lack of ordinary cinematic exhibition.

Abstract

The article discusses some developments in the audio- visual media industry in Germany that became apparent during the pandemic. Tendencies in the production, distribution and consumption of film, television and streaming are examined. While streaming platforms and linear television are becoming more important, cinemas are facing some problems.

Abstract

The release of Ilya Khrzhanovsky’s megalomaniacal cinematic project DAU coincided with the global Covid-19 pandemic. With festivals postponed and public screenings no longer possible, Khrzhanovsky moved his project online, integrating the unprecedented experience of the global lockdown and quarantine into the cinematic universe of DAU. Using the concept of heterotopia devised by French philosopher Michel Foucault, this paper examines the ways in which self-isolation altered the conditions of spatio-temporal engagement with DAU. Ultimately, the paper presents an original theoretical model of heterotopic cinema to demonstrate that confinement is precisely what allows Khrzhanovskiy’s artistic method to fully function.

Abstract

Hamlet is the play that has ignited the most numerous polemics, and about the Prince of Denmark and his madness, may it be considered real or acted out, thousands of pages have been written. “Hamlet is the absolute character. No other author has ever managed to create something with such a spectacular status. He is an enigma, the only one that has never given anyone the chance to fully decipher it, not one from all the people that had ever come close to it.”1 Hamlet- the actor and the director, this is the perspective from which one will seek answers by following the text and certain unique directorial approaches. One analyzed the monologue from the second scene of the third act. In this “theatre lesson”, one can find guidelines on acting, but also on directing, pieces of advice that are valid today. Hamlet is one of the characters with the most monologues, pages and pages of words that cover the same dilemma – To be or not to be. One proposes to follow the acting lesson, but also the play-within-the-play scene, as they are connected from the actors’ and directors’ perspectives. The monologue presents strict guidelines for actors/directors, exemplifying them, and in the scene of the performance one can notice whether the “lesson” was truly efficient or not. One will follow this specific path in certain productions, considered as being unique.

Abstract

The theatre of Robert Pinget was acclaimed at the Avignon Festival till the 1980s, until it became in spite of itself a representative of the theatrical avant-garde greeted by numerous critics and academic texts. It appears, however, that Pinget’s theatre was the victim of a real misinterpretation. Adventurous life, where romance and destiny mingle, lay the foundations of pingétienne irony, this search for personal tone subjects to uncertainties and other contradictions Robert Pinget’s affiliation with Max Jacob’s is an attempt to approach the avant-garde, but to turn away from it in a subtle way in the last moment. This waltz-hesitation of Pinget will be the basis of a tendency to put this work in the “new novel” or the theatrical avant-garde. The literature of Pinget can be considered as a form of the art of the escape the expression of an incessantly renewed amazement through an acousmatic voice. It is through the theory of the double and the quest for secrecy that we can now reposition Pinget’s theater in the perspective of a classical theater on the very margins of the avant-garde and a striking example of an ontological incomprehension between adaptation and the message left by the author.