In the fight management, the military commander, who is assimilated to a leader has, most of the time, the most important role. Today, in addition to the traditional missions to defend the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of the state, the military forces also carry out missions according to the obligations assumed by NATO or EU membership: peacekeeping, peace enforcement, humanitarianism, post conflict reconstruction, terrorism, security and collective defense. These missions require the adoption of modern forms and methods of leadership, especially as they are largely executed outside the national territory, which provokes new cultural expectations and demands, involves ethical issues and legal advice whose value is not fully known.
The article discusses the network-centric warfare, presenting it as a new concept designed for fighting future wars and all types of conflicts with a predominance of technology as opposed to the traditional personnel, logistics and tactics elements matrix. It is, indeed, worthy of further investigation, research and development, and testing because its technical potential is very promising and novel. The basic premise of this type of warfare is, in our opinion, that it is a totally new and evolved way of conducting a vast area of military operations and that the practices of the past are somewhat irrelevant and inefficient. Network-Centric Warfare concept represents the third generation of combat development and therefore, the future of warfare in general. The actual combat platform itself represents the first generation; the linking and automation of the individual platforms into a command and control (C2) system constitutes the second generation; the third, network-centric warfare, is catalogued as a system of systems dynamically connected with distributed and dynamic information processing.
In the current context, martial arts continue to evolve and constantly develop, capturing the attention and the interest of the population of the entire world, the branch of these being diversified, offering individuals the possibility to be practiced, even by those with physical or mental disabilities. Nowadays, the large categories of armed forces of the world use martial arts as part of general physical training, with the purpose of self-defence against the enemy, discipline, improved physical and mental condition, improvement of the ability of the military to adapt to harsh conditions, as well as fighting without using weapons.
The risks of radioactive water contamination are high today and divers can make a decisive contribution to removing these risks. The equipment used and the diving procedures are specific. The specialists of the Research Laboratory, in collaboration with those of the Hyperbaric Laboratory of the Diving Center from Constanta, have contributed to the development of this equipment and the diving procedures in the radioactive contaminated environment.
Today’s society is heavily dependent on fossil energy resources and especially on oil, which is the basis of the entire transport system and beyond. The need for energy resources will increase with the passage of time, in the context in which the population of the world grows, and the fulfillment of its basic needs implies an increasing consumption of energy. The fossil energy resources are in finite quantity, and their depletion is a matter of time, even if the moment when they will disappear is quite remote, due to the discovery of new deposits, the improvement of extraction technologies, etc. The depletion of fossil energy resources can be a major challenge for all states that will have to take measures for a smooth transition to the use of new energy sources that are supposed to cover the needs of society and at the same time to have a small impact on the environment, in an attempt to reduce the pace of climate change.
The process of European and international integration has led to an increase of the English language use, turning it into the main means of communication at a global level. Thus, having a good command of the English language has become a necessity for every person, being a student’s first option. It is a priority both for the military personnel and undergraduates. In this context, the curricula of the military higher education have included English as a foreign language (EFL) as a compulsory discipline. In addition to this, it has gained in importance with the introduction of an international semester for the cadets attending the Military Leadership program of study, where all the subjects are taught in English. The main issue in using English as a medium of instruction in the teaching of particular subject matters is that this must be done in a correct manner so that it does not result in failure in the educational process. This paper points to the way English is used in the Land Forces Academy and offers some guidelines for specialists in producing their own teaching materials. Some examples are provided from teaching English for specific purposes, in our case military basic English.
The process of identification of radioactive isotopes using gamma ray spectrum produced by scintillation detectors is a fundamental problem in physics. Military applications also require fast and efficient methods, especially in field conditions, for identifying unknown isotopes. The fundamental problem is the relationship between the observed gamma ray spectrum given by the detector and the real spectrum. This problem can be treated as a mathematical problem. The relationship between the real and the observed spectrum can be described by a linear algebraic equation system. In this article an efficient mathematical procedure is proposed to solve this linear system efficiently.
Defense Secretary Robert Gates approved the creation of a unified cyber command under the Obama Administration that was focused on cyber operations. This organization was to oversee the protection of government networks against cyber threats known and unknown. Coupled with growing attacks on national infrastructure, digital theft of intellectual property, and election meddling has the United States government actively working to develop cybersecurity talent. Some of the changes that have come as a result are more specialized degree program accreditation, technical frameworks, and policies to help usher this realization of the need to address the shortage of talent for today’s mission.
The world has been lately witnessing a landmark revolution in technology whereby more research and development is going into producing devices that are able to respond to human emotions, motions and behavior. These days, mobile phones are able to capture photos when the user is smiling or gesturing towards them. By making certain gestures, a user is able to control smart televisions and computers at the comfort of their homes, without the need of extra interface devices. The interaction between man and machines is being improved and made as natural as possible. More so, the application of hand gesture technology is finding use in making communication between people with hearing difficulties and those without, possible. This research presents the techniques that have made this possible. Most of these techniques however are in development stages. This is because of the significant challenges faced in providing this solution. First, there are over 30,000 sign language gestures which is quite a headache when trying to integrate them into a recognition system. Secondly, despite the fact that there are standard ways of making the sign language gestures, people have variations to them. Developers hence have to make allowance for these variations and in effect compromise on the accuracy of the system. This research evaluates the various algorithms developed, and tries to propose an algorithm that strikes the best balance between accuracy and allowance for variations in the sign language gestures.
Nowadays, firefighting is becoming more and more demanding with a lot of natural disasters and disasters caused by men, the firefighters must be very well prepared for rapid and efficient intervention, physical training has become one of the key skills that an emergency intervention employee must have. Our research paper is focused on the athletic preparation of firefighting in the ladder climbing competition. The research experimental group was formed by 10 males with age of 30 ± 3.5 years old with experience in this kind of competitions between 2 and 7 years. We highlighted the intervention plan and training and their effects on the results of our athletes and also analyze the efficiency of developing motor qualities such as strength, speed, resistance, and coordination. The results show relatively good improvements in the performance time at all 10 athletes and also in the motor qualities level. Conclusions of our research present the efficiency of training athletic skills and also the motor qualities in obtaining better results at the ladder climbing competition.