Social movements, as collective entities, develop to stand up against the existing institutional status quo with a view to its reformation or radical transformation, while the degree to which they are political depends on wider socio-political factors. The diverse action that evolved through their organized mobilization marked the radical transformation of political response, but also the type of state intervention. Social movements exactly because they constitute wider socio-political undertakings that aim to bring about changes in the social, political, economic but also cultural processes, which seek to annul or sideline established standardizations, are considered one of the most readily available ways to express political and social claims; here they are understood to be dynamic interventions in institutionally and structurally complete social systems as in the case of the social state. Within the context of political mobilization and collective social action, social movements functioned at two interrelated levels: the level of expansion, but also of redefinition of social intervention processes in order to achieve the goals of the social state, and the cultural level, a symbolic promotion, in order to establish a greater degree of social justice. Mobilization of resources, collective behaviour for making claims, even contentious action and transaction with institutions and authorities, constitute views of social transformation and political process in the context of the creation and development of the social state.
Valentinas Navickas, Adriana Grenčíková and Jana Španková
The aim of this study was to determine the level of use of social network job search different generations X, Y, Z. We have used the method of literature study, the questionnaire method and the statistical methods, the method of comparison and deduction in the article. We meet the concept of a social network on a daily basis and many people use them. Among the young people, there is probably no one in a civilized world who would not come into contact with them. They are part of not only private but also professional life. People of generation X consider work to be the most important value in their value list. In their work they are loyal, they do not seek changes voluntarily, because they prefer certainty. This generation is characterized by the fact that technology and technology are not at the same level as the younger Y generation, but generation X is adapting to technical and information progress. People called Generation Y are considered to be an ambitious generation for whom it is important to have an interesting job and a high standard of living. This generation is looking for changes and challenges in its work. Generation Y favors their personal life, family, and partner in the ranks of values before work. They are innovative, creative and they like to develop and train in their work. They work efficiently and flexibly. Generation Z is the first generation that has not experienced a world without the ultimate digitization, they are called “digital people” and there is nothing easier for them to live without living communication with the world, they are more comfortable in the home on the Internet. Generation Z addresses everything with modern technologies.
Nawathiwa Seehanam, Supalak Akkaranggoon and Supanni Ungpannsattawung
The objectives of this research are 1) to examine the tourist-based brand equity (TBBE) model for cultural festivals; 2) to analyze the components of brand equity in Loy Krathong Light and Candles Festival at Sukhothai Historical Park in Thailand. In order to verify the validity of the brand equity model for cultural festivals, the conceptual framework of this research was based on the concept of consumer- based brand equity model, namely, brand awareness, brand quality, brand association, brand image, brand loyalty, and brand experience. Questionnaires were used to collect data from 328 Thai tourists, and were analyzed by using the structural equation model. The results showed the correlation between the TBBE model and the empirical data with the significant level of 95. That is to say, brand awareness (BA) has a direct influence on brand quality (BQ) and brand association (BAS). Brand quality (BQ) has a direct influence on brand experience (BEx), and brand experience (BEx) has a direct influence on brand loyalty (BL). This research also found that brand experience (BEx) has an influence on the structure of brand equity for cultural festivals.
Nannum Buaklay, Paitoon Pimdee, Phadungchai Pupat and Lertlak Klinhorm
Producing teachers with characteristics according to the profession’s traits is essential in progressing the country into being a learning community. This research was undertaken in order to assess and develop the present curriculum and to enhance the characteristics of the future teaching professions of undergraduate students in Thailand. The sample group comprised 24 senior undergraduate students of the English and Educational Technology program of the Faculty of Education. Percentage, mean, standard deviation (S.D.), and t-test were used to analyze the data. The findings showed that: 1. The most essential characteristics of the future teaching professions of undergraduate students were the fostering of individualized instruction, the sharing of responsibilities, the sensitive acceptance of diversity, the encouragement of creativity, and the demonstration of caring and kindness, respectively. The experts also agreed that there were 5 guidelines for the enhancement of characteristics of the teaching profession. 2. The experts agreed that the congruity of the curriculum was at a high level. 3. The students better demonstrated the characteristics of the teaching profession after trialing the curriculum. 4. The students’satisfaction with the implementation of the curriculum was at the highest level.
M. Yahya. Al-Abri, A. Abdul Rahim and N. H. Hussain
SME has a significant impact on the growth and development of any nation economy. The entrepreneurship in Oman expected to be a leading factor in the economic due to the opportunities afforded by increasing economic diversification and corresponding rise in job opportunities and other benefits. However, entrepreneurship has faced many challenges and obstacles to its progress and growth in Oman, despite the fact that the government has supported this sector to stimulate the market. However, studies show that many challenges are still plague both startups and governments. This study therefore aims to develop an ecosystem for entrepreneurship in the Omani context as a new solution to overcome such challenges. Entrepreneurship ecosystem has a positive influence on business growth and on the creation of new businesses, with the result that this concept has received attention from both academics and policy makers. By using a qualitative research method, a total of 10 interviewees were selected to answer the major research questions and thus provide more explanation about the issues that SME faces and find the exact factors that can influence these types of enterprises. Based on the findings from qualitative research through discussions with entrepreneurs, we can conclude that there are five factors: human capital; government; support; finance and technology, all of which have a significant impact on Omani entrepreneurship success and start-ups. These results contribute to the current literature regarding entrepreneurship ecosystems. They also give greater attention to the policy makers in Oman who facilitate the implementation of this framework as well as motivating the different business owners or start-ups to develop their business strategies based on the requirements shown in the framework. In addition, a number of suggestions have been presented as focus points when developing a strategic plan to support the entrepreneurship sector.
The study determined food hygiene knowledge and practices among food handlers in University of Nigeria, Nsukka Campus. Two specific objectives, two corresponding research questions, and two null hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted a descriptive cross-sectional survey research design. The population for the study was 165 food handlers. There was no sampling done. A researchers’- designed food hygiene knowledge and practices questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. Frequencies and percentages were used to answer the research questions while Chi-square (X2) statistic was used to test the hypotheses at .05 level of significance. Findings showed among others that all the respondents (100%) who have no formal education were knowledgeable about food hygiene; 90.8 per cent of those who have primary education, 92.3 per cent of those who have secondary education and 92.3 of those who have no tertiary education had good knowledge of food hygiene. There was no significant difference in the level of food hygiene knowledge possessed by food handlers based on level of education (P = >.05). There was no significant difference in the food hygiene practices of food handlers based on level of education (P = >.05). The study recommended among others, that managers of food business establishments should frequently supervise the hygienic condition under which food handlers working for them prepare food.
The regulation, no. 53, setting the compensation for motor third party bodily injuries in Albania is amended and has changed on July 1st, 2018. A significant increase in claims cost is expected, with direct consequences for insurers and policyholders. In order to estimate this change, we have conducted an analysis aiming to understand how the new amendment in the regulation would impact claim costs of personal injury. We start with a brief overview of the Insurance market in Albania. We then continue with some more technical data regarding the domestic MTPL, followed by some key highlights, and continue with an introduction of rules and procedures on handling claims covered by contracts of compulsory insurance in the transport sector in Albania. Finally we reveal how the capitalized amount coefficient is calculated and will analyze the impact of change in personal injury claims in the Albanian insurance market.
An effective corporate governance system is established to ensure proper balance of long-term interests of different stakeholders (primarily: owners, employees and management) and improve company's performance and its competitive position in the market. This paper provides a theoretical discussion and empirical evidence on the interdependence between corporate governance and company performance among medium and large enterprises in Kosovo. A questionnaire survey was employed for data collection purposes. The study included a sample of 87 managers from 87 medium and large enterprises. Results indicate that effects of corporate governance on the performance tend to be greater in larger companies. Regarding the determinants, the theoretical expectations are confirmed. Results confirm that the size of the company, the level of investment, export activities and company life expectancy are statistically significant determinants of the adoption of corporate governance practices. As a result, larger companies with large scales of investment and longer market experience tend to adopt more corporate governance practices. The study suggests that corporate governance will inevitably affect companies’ performance and further research is needed in this context.
Considering the exponential growth of technology and media in Iranian society as well as the significant role of media culture in reproducing, reinforcing, and legitimizing dominant ideologies such as sexism, the central question posed by this paper is how Iranian feminist activists critically analyze media messages. Further, this paper explores the extent to which this analysis fits the critical media literacy framework. Using a critical media literacy framework underpinned by feminist standpoint theory, this paper presents results from qualitative interviews with 15 Iranian feminist activists. We find that Iranian feminist activists focus more on politics of representation and critique of gender ideology in the critical analysis of media products. Thus, critical analysis of media by Iranian feminist activists better fits the definition of critical media literacy than its core concepts. The findings also demonstrate that a transformative dimension of critical media literacy is ignored by the feminist activists despite using media in the struggle against dominant gender ideology.
Luckana Pengruck, Kanchana Boonphak and Boonchan Sisan
The promotion of technological prowess in children at an early age is integral to their creative development and future success. This research studied the relationship between media management administration, innovation, and early childhood creative technology in schools under the Office of the Basic Education Commission in Thailand to validate and confirm the linear relationship between flexibility, motivation, imagination, use of new approaches to problem solving, and vision. Questionnaires from respondents showed that the consistency was between 0.60-1.00, with a reliability of 0.890. Data were analyzed using mean standard deviation, and linear structural analysis and compliance with empirical data was checked based on the harmony index which was then compared to applicable criteria. The major findings show that the composition is in line with the empirical data and demonstrated linear structural relationships between the components of media management administration, innovation and early childhood creative technology.