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Feminist Graphic Narratives: The Ongoing Game of Eluding Censorship

Abstract

Censorship today has been acquainted with the action of silencing, suppressing or even making unheard and unseen what is considered as culturally and socially unacceptable. Its omnipresent and widespread aspect made the concept touches upon all literary genres among which graphic narratives by women prove to be censorship’s target. The medium’s multimodality and ability to explore culturally, socially and religiously troubling spaces has categorized feminist graphic narratives as “soft weapons” endowed with a stylistic capacity and a system of grammar to subvert and to resist control. It is in this context that that this paper procures a theoretical definition of censorship by linking it history to that of comics and graphic narratives in order to shed light on the historical ties informing today’s conflictual relation between censorship and feminist graphic narratives. By taking the example of Marjane Satrapi’s Persepolis and Linda Barry’s One! Hundred! Demons!, the study stresses the capacity of graphic narratives to elude the gaze of the censor through the adaptation of different evasive techniques.

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The Impact of Training and Development on Different Cultural Employees Performance through Interaction Employees Motivation in Erbil Public and Private Banks

Abstract

The research endeavor to inspect the effectiveness of “training and development” (TD) on employee performance (EP), an outcome acquired from the examination, along these lines, could be extrapolated and connected to the training incline that exists within banks that work in Erbil Kurdistan region government (KRG). The procedure was in four banks of both sectors i.e. open and private. The outcomes were acquired by utilizing structural equation modeling (SEM-PLS) on important factors by Algorithm to measure indicators in reflective way; the R2 results 0.604 employees motivation (EM), and 0.639 (EP). The goal of the examination is to seek factors affecting employee’s performance. Therefore, the findings proposed that (TD) of employees work environment, and employee’s creativity has a most significant effect on enhancing employee’s performance. The examination reasoned that with breakdown the productivity of any association which needs to get to the efficiency per unit from the input information’s.

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Inclusive Policy and Academic Achievements in Mathematics of Student with Special Educational Needs (SEN) in Republic of Serbia

Abstract

One mechanism for evaluating educational systems for inclusion is through academic outputs of students who are taught in either segregated or inclusive setting. The goal of the research was to examine and compare the academic achievement in Mathematics of students with special education needs (SEN) in the fifth and sixth grade (11-12 years old students) in different educational settings in the Republic of Serbia. In this study, 175 students from 11 special and 7 regular schools participated in the research. Assessment results demonstrated statistically significant differences achievement for students in sixth grade in special schools compared to students with SEN in the same classes of regular schools. At fifth grade level there was no statistical difference between the students in special and regular schools. We discuss possible reasons why differences may or may not exist, including distinguishing between inclusion and integration as well as sociohistorical differences in grade levels.

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The Influence of Cognitive Image on Tourist Loyalty: A Study of Foreign Tourists Visiting Tirana City

Abstract

This paper attempts to shed light on the concepts of cognitive and affective image and investigate the effects of destination image on tourist loyalty, though one of the aforementioned aspects of destination image. Data was collected using the convenience sampling method. After a review of the most crucial places where foreign visitors could turn into during their stay in Tirana, there were identified a few attractive interception points. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was used to test the hypotheses constructed. SPSS 20.0 statistical package was employed in this particular study for the descriptive analysis of the sample, while LISREL 9.30 was used for structural equation modelling. The results of the study showed that cognitive image had a direct and significant influence on affective image, explaining in this way the formation process of the destination image concept. Moreover, when examining the relationship between destination image and tourist loyalty it was found out that cognitive image had a direct influence on tourist loyalty. The results of the study prove to be beneficial both at an empirical and practical level. As a matter of fact, it does not only provide insightful information for tourism operators and policy-makers, but it also contributes in the body of knowledge of the country where the study takes place.

Open access
Influencing Factors of Cross-cultural Adaptation Process of Chinese Students Studying in the Upper Northern Thai Universities

Abstract

With the development of China’s ‘One Belt and One Road’(OBOR) Initiative, many Chinese students have chosen Thai universities for foreign study in recent years. As usual, problems of cross-cultural adaptation becoming the primary issues they encounter during their stay in Thailand. Based on a survey of 314 Chinese undergraduates studying at eight universities in the upper northern region of Thailand, this study analyzed the influencing factors of the cross-cultural adaptation process of these Chinese students. It tested the Young Yun Kim’s structure model, which contains six dimensions of determining aspects on international students’ cross-cultural adaptation process. A quantitative research method was applied in this article by using a structured questionnaire as a tool to collect primary data. The data analysis was conducted by using Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient and Multiple Regressions. The findings indicated that five dimensions, i.e., Communication Competence (CC), Host Social Communication (HSC), Intercultural Transformation (IT), Environment (EN), and Predisposition (PR) are significant determining aspects for the cross-cultural adaptation process of Chinese students. Furthermore, nine influencing factors out of these five dimensions had significant positive impacts on the cross-cultural adaptation process. Therefore they are considered as the main influencing factors.

Open access
Internal Return Migration in Rural of Vietnam: Reasons and Consequences

Abstract

Many researchers have tried to explain the motivation behind out and return migration. However, few bodies of literature focus on selection of destinations of out migration, motives to return according to marriage status of migrants before the return and gender perspective of employments on the return. By surveying 68 returnees and applying participatory rural appraisal, this study shows that the personal and household characteristics of returnees before the migration create an effect on destination selections On the return, both single and married migrants are motivated by filial obligations to their parents. Single migrants’ motive associates to the potential failures that can be a burden on their livings after getting married. Married migrants’ motive to return results from living away from their children. This study also demonstrates that women play an important role in the development of agriculture. Additionaly, agriculture acts as a buffer to the negative impacts of return migration.

Open access
Investigating Effects of Accounting Ethics on Quality of Financial Reporting of an Organization: Case of Selected Commercial Banks in South Sudan

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of accounting ethics with regards to its financial reporting quality in South Sudan. Specifically, the study examined the influence of accountants’ competence, accountants’ independence, accountants’ objectivity and accountants’ integrity on quality of financial reports amongst South Sudanese commercial banks. Descriptive survey design was utilised to conduct the study. The target population in this study was 190 accountants distributed over the head offices of 8 commercial banks that were domiciled in South Sudan. Stratified sampling was employed incorporating each segment of the population sample. The study targeted 129 respondents to participate in the study where questionnaires were used as data collection tools. Study results established that competence of accountants (β = 0.456; p < 0.05), independence of accountants (β = 0.213; p < 0.05), objectivity of accountants (β = 0.253; p < 0.05) and integrity of accountants (β = 0.244; p < 0.05) all had positive and significant effect on financial reporting quality. The study recommends that management of the commercial banks should professionalize their accounting departments and enhance competence by ensuring that hiring is on merit and have on the job training opportunities. Moreover, the commercial banks should continually develop their accounting staff both internally and sponsoring them for educational seminars or workshops. Lastly, accountants should be given the authority and support required to enable them add value to the organisation by provide organisation wide risk management.

Open access
A Lacanian Study of Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea

Abstract

This paper sought to explore the role played by Lacan in the analysis of Hemingway’s work in The Old Man and the Sea. It is clear from the analysis that Lacan contributed immensely to the growth and improvement of the literary work between 1901 and 1981. Similarly, for effective analysis of the novel, Lacan sought to bring out issues on desires, conscious, unconscious, subconscious, psychology and others in the interpretation of the Hemingway’s literature. However, to achieve the objective, Lacan adopted his psychological stages of development that includes the real, mirror, and the symbolic stages. Through these stages, Lacan clearly brought out the content as perceived by Hemingway of social, cultural and religion. Ultimately, the analysis of the old man and the sea by Lacan showed that as people become aware or conscious they start to hope for unconsciousness.

Open access
Marketing Analysis of Locally Produced Rice in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State Nigeria

Abstract

The study investigated the challenges of marketing Abakaliki rice with interest in establishing the profitability and socio-economic characteristics of the marketer of the product. Mixed-method research approach consisting of the application of questionnaires and interview was used. It was conducted in three major markets located at Onu Ebonyi, Abakpa and Kpirikpiri in Ebonyi state, Nigeria. The population of the study was 120 marketers randomly selected using simple random sampling technique and proportional to the size of the market. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics. The results shows that women dominate the trade as 62% of Abakaliki rice marketers are women. Challenges of institutional, transportation facilities capital and credit facility constrained the growth of the business. Cost benefit analysis also shows that marketing of Abakaliki rice is profitable as N192, 740 only was the net profit at the end of the trading period. The study concludes by recommending formation of cooperative societies to enhance accessibility of start-up capital while governments at various levels should develop marketing policies that increase the marketing network of Abakaliki rice.

Open access
The Need for Blended Learning Development to Enhance the Critical Thinking of Thai Vocational Students

Abstract

The objective of this research was to evaluate the need for blended learning development to enhance the critical thinking of students. Selected by using multistage random sampling, the 450 samples comprised of 376 vocational students and 69 teachers at vocational level. The research instrument used was a needs evaluation form, which was necessary to improve blended learning to enhance critical thinking. The index of consistency (IOC) was between 0.56-1.00, and the total reliability was 0.94. The research was conducted and data collected from July 2018 to August 2018. 445 completed evaluation forms, 98.88% of the total sent out, were returned to researchers. Frequency, percentage, PNI(Modified), and content analysis were used to analyze the data. The research results showed that the vocational students and teachers agreed on the same point that there should be development of student critical thinking skills. This development should comprise of critical thinking skills, learning achievement, and learning management. The recommendations made for improvement were to increase discipline within educational institutes, and to change and add facilities to support modern learning styles. Testing styles should be modern and correspond to student contexts. Moreover, learning styles should be improved to be up-to-date and to correspond to students’ needs and their real lives.

Open access