Health and safety at work have their legal basis in international and Polish law – source of law currently valid in Poland. For efficiently functioning system of health and safety at work it is necessary to build appropriate institutional environment. The purpose of the article is to analyse the institutional system of health and safety at work in Poland based on source of law currently valid in Poland and forming remarks de lege lata and de lege ferenda in this scope.
Currently, the conditions enterprises are operating in are marked by considerable instability. Thus the changes they may undergo are difficult to predict. Practitioners and theoreticians of management science point to various approaches to building competitive advantage. In the past few years, the focus has been put mainly on information and knowledge. According to advocates of the knowledge management concept, knowledge is of key importance to building competitive advantage and succeeding on the market. The issues of knowledge and how it is gathered, updated and applied are not new. The challenge for contemporary entrepreneurs is, however, how to manage knowledge in global enterprises. The aim of this study is to analyse the issue of knowledge management in a company which based its development on expansion into foreign markets. The research method applied is illustrative case study, the aim of which is to show how important knowledge management is for improving the efficiency of an internationalized enterprise.
Moisture sorption is one of the most important destruction factors for colloidal capillary-porous exhibits in museums (painting, clothing etc.), which is dependent on microclimate in museum rooms. The analysis of moisture sorption properties, kinetics of sorption and swelling of textile museum exhibits is carried out. Isotherms of desorption of viscose and woollen yarns and fabrics of different density (and threads of them) are identical. The analysis of the isotherms of fabrics of various fibre cloths and threads of them shows that they all are similar in shape to the curves and have the form typical for leading capillary-porous bodies. The hysteresis loop for almost all tissues is observed throughout the range of relative humidity of the medium. In this work, the characteristics of the hysteresis loop (area, limited by it, length of the loop), which are of informational significance in the description of the processes of isothermal sorption-desorption of the materials mentioned above, are indicated. The research results allow optimizing of microclimate control in museum rooms for elimination of destruction of exhibits, improve the safety of storage and ensure the hygiene of the air indoor environmental.
Dorota Wojtyto, Dariusz Rydz, Michał Pałęga and Aleksader S. Arbuz
The article presents the Job Safety Analysis for a Glass Production Line Operator's Workstation in the context of the Risk Management Process. The main tasks performed by the worker have been defined, and then risks associated with each activity and preventive actions have been identified. On this basis, for the Health & Safety risk analysis and assessment, criteria have been established, which take into account the actual exposure to risks and their probability and results.
Education of young generation, aimed at teaching how to manage own knowledge in the economy, is a great challenge for the teaching staff at each stage of education. The paper is to analyze the data describing the selection of development path of pupils and students. Comparing them with the expectations set up by the market through the implementation of the concept of Industry 4.0 will allow the estimation of whether the technical education offer (in the area of Industrial Engineering) is a sufficient response to the economic preferences relating to employment.
Beata Skowron-Grabowska, Tomasz Szczepanik and Petr Besta
The aim of the paper was to present the specificity of knowledge management in courier companies as an example of intelligent organizations. Knowledge management is a modern concept that emphasizes using the most valuable resources of enterprises such as employees and it offers conditions for development of knowledge, sharing it, and thinking creatively. The paper presents courier companies as an example of intelligent organizations that use knowledge management in the implementation of courier services. The article presents the results of a survey that identified the use of knowledge in courier companies and analysed the factors that made the surveyed companies become intelligent organizations. The solutions implemented in enterprises that influenced the emergence of a competitive advantage were evaluated. Furthermore, the benefits achieved by the companies surveyed due to knowledge management and the growth of their intelligence were analysed.
The underlying objective of the paper is to indicate pro-environmental awareness level in micro and small enterprises and its influence on this sector’s activity in the context of environmental management. The author has introduced a taxonomy of pro-environmental awareness and also pro-environmental security, pro-environmental culture and pro-environmental ethics. Heterogeneous pro-environmental attitudes of units/entities (including business entities) have been aggregated in the paper, in the context of their transformation from a passive towards active attitude. The elaborated levels of pro-environmental awareness growth have been summarised in a chronological grasp, which constituted the subject of the research with reference to the subject matter of the paper defined in its title. The author has also justified the selection of the research subject – micro and small enterprises, which are a source of surface contamination (local one), but not always perceived as beneficiaries of the natural environment.
With reference to the adopted subject of the research the author has made an attempt to evaluate the pro-environmental awareness of the purposefully selected population of micro and small enterprises. Maturity level of their pro-environmental awareness has also been evaluated according to the adopted scale described and explained in the theoretical part of the paper, which is a narrow part of the conducted research and an attempt to answer the question: What is the maturity level of pro-environmental awareness in micro and small enterprises and is it reflected in their green activity in the conducted business activity?
The safety of a logistics system is understood as ensuring (to a certain level) the implementation of operational logistics processes in any entity, under specific conditions, by using favourable circumstances, taking business challenges, reducing risk, uncertainty and preventing all kinds of threats to logistics activities.
The relevant determinant of the management of logistics system safety is appropriate infrastructure which enables the implementation of logistic processes and guarantees their effectiveness and efficiency. The infrastructure determines logistics performance measured by the logistics performance index (LPI). The aim of the article is to identify the logistics system safety measures in a macro approach and to determine the impact of logistic efficiency on the management of logistics system safety.
Józef Flizikowski, Andrzej Tomporowski, Robert Kasner, Adam Mroziński and Weronika Kruszelnicka
The work describes the components of efficiency in the form of energy, economic and ecological benefits and outlays in the life cycle, i.e. construction and operation of machinery, equipment and power systems, on the example of wind farms and the most important models useful in designing their construction and operation for increasing system safety in three areas: environment, technical system, and human health. Technical conditions (ideas, constructions and processes) necessary to increase the benefits and / or reduce energy, economic and ecological expenditure of the operation and the prospects for effective development of the global, European and national wind energy market are characterized. A preliminary analysis of the relations of operators, workpieces, live and artificial objects of the 2-MW wind farm environment was carried out, for the possibility of increasing the benefits and reduction of outlays as a result of compensating for the destructiveness of the system, the environment and man.
In paper, the issues and the essence of labor protection in relation to EU and national legal standards in the field of machine safety have been presented. In the elaboration also, the requirements and selected issues of machine safety management in the sphere of their construction, production, distribution and operation have been defined. But above all, the general principles of hazard assessment and the technical measures applied to improve the safety of machines during their use have been presented.