This paper presents the results of research aimed to measuring the corrosion properties of EDDQ steel sheet. The strain amount influence to the corrosion properties of the steel sheet for drawn parts has been proven by the modern methods of corrosion monitoring such as Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy. Corrosion rate was assessed using electrochemical methods in 0.1 M solution of NaCl. Experimental studies have pointed out if strain amount increases the corrosion rate of the steel sheet increases too.
F. Pastorek, K. Borko, S. Dundeková, S. Fintová and B. Hadzima
Large number of mechanical and chemical surface pretreatment techniques is actually used on steels in industrial practice. Choosing the right combination of these technologies is one of the most important tasks for many applications. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the influence of selected mechanical surface preparation methods (grinding, sandblasting) on the quality and electrochemical corrosion characteristics of S355J2 steel before and after the final chemical surface treatment by the technology of manganese phosphating. The surface morphology of the formed phosphate layer was evaluated by a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the cross section analysis was performed by a light metallographic microscopy. 0.1M Na2SO4 solution simulating aggressive industrial pollution was selected for electrochemical corrosion tests. Impact evaluation of various mechanical and chemical surface treatments on the corrosion properties of the tested steel was realized by potentiodynamic polarization tests (PD) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) using the Tafel analysis and equivalent circuits method respectively. The obtained results proved that sandblasting negatively affected the corrosion resistance of S355J2 steel and subsequently created manganese phosphate layer.
This paper is focused on the heteropoly acids as another new possibility of dopant for conducting polymers which can be used as anticorrosive pigments for steel protection. The newly prepared pigments, silicotungstic and phosphotungstic heteropoly acids, were characterized by determination of oil number and density. The value of critical pigment volume concentration was determinated by these values. The pigment volume concentration was 0.5; 1; 3 and 5 % in epoxyester-resin witch was used as a binder. Organic coatings were applicated on steel panels which were tested by mechanical and corrosion tests. The main exam was exposition of testing sample in sulphur dioxide atmosphere. Another important exam was measuring the specific electrical conductivity and determination of corrosion loss. After 1584 hours, the samples were evaluated. Values of anticorrosion efficiency are increased for silicotungstic heteropoly acid pigment. But with long-term exposition, phosphotungstic heteropoly acid pigment has better and higher anticorrosion efficiency than the other sample.
J. Drábiková, F. Pastorek, S. Fintová, P. Doležal and J. Wasserbauer
Magnesium and its alloys are perspective bio-degradable materials used mainly due to their mechanical properties similar to those of mammal bones. Potential problems in utilization of magnesium alloys as bio-materials may relate to their rapid degradation which is associated with resorption problems and intensive hydrogen evolution. These problems can be eliminated by magnesium alloys surface treatment. Therefore, this work aims with analysis of the influence of fluoride conversion coating on corrosion characteristics of magnesium alloy. Unconventional technique by insertion of wrought magnesium alloy AZ61 into molten Na[BF4] salt at temperature of 450 °C at different treatment times was used for fluoride conversion coating preparation. The consequent effect of the coating on magnesium alloy corrosion was analyzed by means of linear polarization in simulated body fluid solution at 37 ± 2 °C. The obtained results prove that this method radically improve corrosion resistance of wrought AZ61magnesium alloy even in the case of short time of coating preparation.
J. Stoulil, Y.R. Carreno, L. Pavlova, M. Kouřil and D. Dobrev
This study is focused on an influence of heat transfer on corrosion behaviour of structural materials for radioactive waste canister in synthetic bentonite pore water and bentonite suspension. Experiments were carried out in special cell on cylindrical sample of carbon steel, copper, titanium-palladium alloy and two types of stainless steel. Samples were subjected in synthetic bentonite pore water to sixty-fold higher heat transfer compared to real repository, and approximately thirty-fold higher in bentonite suspension. Corrosion behaviour was observed in two-electrode setup with platinum wire as counter electrode by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Results showed negligible effect of heat transfer compared to surface temperature.
In this work, the main aim is focused on the decomposition products of film-forming amines which are used as corrosion protection of devices against surface corrosion at frequent short outages. Filming amines are a mixture of volatile alkaline and contact organic amines, which protect both the water and the steam environment. It was confirmed, the organic matter is not stable at high temperature and decomposes to organic acids with short chain (acetic, formic) which decrease pH value and increase conductivity value.
Clinching is a joining method in which sheet metal parts are deformed locally by creating a mechanical interlock without the use of any additional elements such as screws or rivets. Steel sheets are plastically deformed and the shape of the tools remains theoretically unchanged during the clinching process. The clinching tool with a rigid die of ø5 mm with a specially formed gap and a punch of ø3.6 mm were used for mechanical joining of hot-dip galvanized dual-phase steel sheets HCT600X of 0.8 mm thickness. The punch and die were deposited by PVD coating of CrN and TiCN type with LARC technology. The state of the coating was evaluated and documented by scanning electron microscopy – SEM. The wear of the coating was evaluated after each 50 manufactured joints starting with the initial state of tool.
M. M. Al-Rufaie, Z. T. A. Alsultani and A. S Waheed
Adsorption thermodynamics and kinetics of Azure C and from the aqueous solution on activated charcoal was examined. The charcoal was activated by concentrated sulphuric acid and the adsorption kinetic and thermodynamic was tested in batch experiment. An experiments used the adsorption batch method to observe the effect of the variable parameters, i.e. concentration of dye, time of contact, pH, temperature and adsorbent dose. The ideal dosage of adsorbent was 0.3 g for Azure C. The equilibrium state was reached within 60 min for dye Azure C at activated charcoal. The isotherms of equilibrium were investigated to characterize the adsorption operation. The data for the kinetics study were adjusted utilizing the equation of pseudo- second-order and the model of diffusion (intra-particle). All data were evaluated by means of equilibrium Freundlich, Langmuir and Temkin isotherm on activated charcoal surface. Based on the adsorption isotherm evaluation on activated charcoal the result was 4S by using Giles classification. The thermodynamic factors like ΔH, ΔG and ΔS were estimated.
D. Novikova, M. Kouřil, Š. Msallamová, J. Stoulil and N. Strnadová
Concentrating of pore bentonite water as a result of water evaporation at the hot container surface is expected when the bentonite cover of the permanent nuclear waste container is being gradually saturated. The study assesses the influence of an extent of the pore water enrichment by chloride and sulphate ions up to a multiple of a hundred of their equilibrium concentration. An increase of concentration of these ions does not imply an increase of the electrolyte aggressivity automatically. A minimum of corrosion resistance was observed at triplicate concentration at all temperatures, 40, 70 and 90°C. Even more significant impact on corrosion behaviour was recognized for composition of anoxic atmosphere above the electrolyte. Contrary to nitrogen, the mixture of nitrogen and carbon dioxide remarkably elevates the electrolyte’s corrosion aggressivity.
D. Rodziňák, M. Halama, J. Čerňan and M. Kovalčíková
This article focuses on corrosion of the steel reinforcement in the concrete where the blast or demetalized steelmaking slag as one of the components for fabrication was used. The slag from iron and steel production from U.S. Steel Kosice was used in the experiment. Steel reinforcement type S 235 (STN 11 375) were made by cold drawing. Chemical composition of slag in form of powder and slag leachates was analysed using X-ray fl uorescence spectrometry. Corrosion tests were carried out by measuring the polarization curves based on potentiodynamic polarization of steel samples exposed in leachate and also by polarization resistance method directly on the steel embedded in concrete and exposed in atmospheric precipitation. The results revealed differences in the corrosion rate, depending on chemical composition of the slag, which is closely related to its metallic and sulphur content.