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Fatigue lifetime of 20MnV6 steel with holes manufactured by various methods

Abstract

In this paper, the authors publish their own experimental results of the examination of the different holes (milled, drilled and drilled + shot peened) on the fatigue lifetime of 20MnV6 steel. The experiments were carried out at low-frequency loading (f = 10 Hz, pulsating tension loading) in the region from N = 2×105 up to N = 2×106 cycles. The best fatigue properties were obtained in the parts with drilled + shot peened holes.

Open access
Influence of modifcation on the refinement of primary silicon crystals in hypereutectic silumin AlSi21CuNi

Abstract

On the paper the influence of modifying micro additives on the refinement of primary silicon crystals in the hypereutectic AlSi21CuNi piston silumin have been examined. As the modifiers there were used micro additives of Phosphorus in the form of AlCu19P1.4 and CuP12 pre-alloys, sulfur in the form of CuS and iron in the powdered form. The modifying micro additives were used separately and together. Micro additions of iron were used together with phosphorus. Sulfur micro addition provided the fragmentation of the primary silicon crystals, but not as effective as the phosphorus micro additive. The best effect of fragmentation of the primary silicon crystals was ensured by the combined addition of phosphorus in the form of AlCu19P1,4 pre alloy with a micro additive of powdered iron which reduced the average size of the primary silicon crystals from 114 μm to 20 μm.

Open access
A Model of Interconnection Between Aircraft Equipment Failures and Aircraft “States” in Flight

Abstract

The article presents a semiotic model of “aircraft conditions” in flight and multilevel structures of an aircraft. The hierarchical structure of abstract models is divided into blocks and levels that make them more compact by applying a mathematical apparatus corresponding to the goals sated. The above models were tested on the basis of statistical data on TU-154 aircraft failures for 10 years. Various aircraft functional system failures in flight were examined. The state of the aircraft is identified by normative indicators recorded in the “Aircraft Technical Operation Manual”.

Open access
Obtaining of biomorphic composites based on carbon materials

Abstract

Aim of this paper is to present the properties of carbon preforms for the production of biomorphic composites. Carbon samples were obtained through pyrolysis of paulownia wood, replicating the microstructure of the cellulosic precursor. Many characterization methods such as Raman Spectroscopy, light microscopy, hardness tests and pore size analyzer detection were used to investigate the microstructure of the product as well as the pore size of carbon samples. Obtained results showed that the parts of early or late wood template play an important role in the pore size, specific surface area and pore volume of the product. This review aims to be a comprehensive description of the development of carbon chars: from wood templates and their microstructure to potential applications of biomorphic materials.

Open access
An offline path planning method for autonomous vehicles

Abstract

Driving a road vehicle is a very complex task in terms of controlling it, substituting a human driver with a computer is a real challenge also from the technical side. An important step in vehicle controlling is when the vehicle plans its own trajectory. The input of the trajectory planning are the purpose of the passengers and the environment of the vehicle. The trajectory planning process has several parts, for instance, the geometry of the path-curve or the speed during the way. Furthermore, a traffic situation can also determine many other parameters in the planning process.

This paper presents a basic approach for trajectory design. To reach the aim a map will be given as a binary 2204 x 1294 size matrix where the roads will be defined by ones, the obstacles will be defined by zeros. The aim is to make an algorithm which can find the shortest and a suitable way for vehicles between the start and the target point. The vehicle speed will be slow enough to ignore the dynamical properties of the vehicle. The research is one of the first steps to realize automated parking features in a self-drive car.

Open access
Quality control of a metallic dental bur with a diamond coating

Abstract

During operation, sterilization and disinfection, the surface working part of dental burs deteriorates. In this study a commercial metallic dental bur with extra coarse gradation (177-250 μ of ceramic embankment), made of a stainless steel were covered with a nickel-diamond composite was examined. The working part of the tool is round-end taper shaped and is intended for crown and bridge preparation. Analysis of microstructure was carried out using Jeol JSM-6610 LV scanning electron microscope with EDX analyzer. After 3 months of operation, the bur can be used for further work in the dental surgery.

Open access
Six Sigma as a method of improving the quality of service process

Abstract

The objective of the analysis conducted and described in this paper has been to present the practical application of the Six Sigma method based on the DMAIC cycle in improving the quality of the service process. The first part of the article contains the theoretical framework of six sigma and the issue of using its tools in the aspect of services. Afterwards, there has been calculated the initial sigma value which indicated the need for improvement. Measurement phase has been developed by the value stream mapping, process FMEA and customer survey which results have been analyzed in Pareto chart and fishbone diagram. Improve phase includes the Impact&Effort Matrix and target sigma level that can be achieved as a result of failures reducing and service quality improvement.

Open access
Social engineering of human resources and provision of medical services on leadership styles in hospitals

Abstract

Paper present impact of human resources issues as well as issues related to provision of medical services on leadership styles in hospitals in Poland. In this study a descriptive research design was used and a quantitative research was conducted, which was based on the so-called BOST methodology. Surveys were conducted among department heads of 10 public hospitals of various referral systems from the Upper-Silesian Agglomeration providing various types of medical services (which shows a large variety of research sample) operating in Poland. The research showed that both improtance of service provision as well as human resources were not as important as they should be.

Open access
Hierarchic Optimization of Resource the Resources Allocation among the Units of Aviation Company

Abstract

This paper deals with the problem of optimal resource distribution in optimal way among the units of an aviation company. This task could be solved by using the method of dynamic programming. Using Mathcad 14 programming language, there was created a special program that allows to make corresponding calculations. The solution of the real task for an aviation company is observed in this paper as a numerical sample of limited resource distribution between the units of the company in order to get the maximum profit.

Open access