The article presents the project of revitalisation of the former industrial zone of the district of Bagnoli in the context of possibilities of development of the thermal tourism in the Italian region of Campania. The authors refer primarily to the thermal facilities which were in use in the period from the second half of the 18th century to the 1970s, and which border directly the area of revitalisation, but weren’t included in the plan. The aims of the article are: (1) the reconstruction and the recommendation of the locations of the forgotten thermal sites formerly in use in the area of the Bagnoli district, (2) the presentation of the current state and development of such buildings, (3) the estimation of the tourism development potential in the region with reference to similar experiences of Poland and Austria, where the thermal infrastructures became the driving force of socio-economic development.
The objective of this article is to highlight the role of the spirit as an intangible component in the attractiveness, conviviality and success of public places. The comparative study, which covers two public places having the same typo-morphology and sharing the same geographical and sociocultural context, aims to measure the spirits of these two places. The study is based on a theoretical conceptualisation and quantitative analysis of data collected using a measurement tool having satisfactory psychometric qualities. The two main statistical techniques employed are the relative importance index (RII) and the T-test. The results of the study show that the valence 1 of the spirit affects the attractiveness, the conviviality and the success of public places.
Magdalena Szczepańska, Agnieszka Wilkaniec and Lucia Škamlová
The phenomenon of outdoor advertising is particularly worrying in protected areas due to the limitation and depreciation of natural and landscape assets. The paper aims to identify and compare legal provisions concerning the advertising policy in relation to naturally and visually precious areas in Poland and Slovakia. Moreover, it determines the scale of visual pollution in a protected area – trends in the location, size, form and influence on the surroundings and perception. In both analysed countries there are regulations that would not bring the desired effects regarding the advertising policy. Advertisement devices are present in settlements and at significant road points, entrances to facilities connected with tourism. A point of concern is that they are frequently placed in the most precious landscape areas.
The article deals with selected aspects of the economic structure and functions of the largest villages in Poland. The main aim of the study is to investigate the diversity and changes that can be observed to have happened since before the fall of Communism in Poland. Large villages with populations exceeding 5,000 inhabitants are located in the same part of the rural–urban continuum as small towns, including many poviat (1) seats. For this reason, they are an interesting comparative category of settlement units. The study was based on a source database from the end of the last century and on contemporary public data from the REGON database. The comparison is based not only on various data, but also uses various research methodologies.
Research concerning studentification is growing in importance. The supply of private student accommodation forms part of the wider urban process of studentification which documents changes in the social, economic and cultural fabric of cities. Although scholarly interest concerning the supply of private student accommodation has enjoyed sustained interest in the global North, only limited work is available surrounding the supply and demand for private student accommodation in global South urban centres. In South Africa there has been growing recognition of the impact of the studentification that has accompanied the massification of tertiary education in the post-apartheid period. Using interviews with key stakeholders, suppliers of student accommodation, as well as focus groups with students, this paper explores the supply of houses in multiple occupation and students’ perspectives on such properties in Johannesburg, South Africa. One distinctive influence upon the studentification process in South Africa is the impact of the national government funding system which was restructured in order to support the tertiary education of students from previously disadvantaged communities.
The present research aims to find out whether population displacement due to river bank erosion has any impact on education of the erosion victims of the developing countries or not. To fulfil the objective of the study, 19 erosion affected study units were selected along the banks of the Ganga-Bhagirathi river in the Jangipur sub-division of Murshidabad district, West Bengal. Pearson’s correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were performed using SPSS software. The result of the study shows that frequency of population displacement due to bank erosion and percentage of child labour are positively and significantly correlated (r = 0.51). A low mean year of schooling has been observed in almost all selected study units. The result of multiple linear regression analysis shows that river bank erosion has an adverse impact on the education of the people living along the river banks.
Many cities in developing countries are experiencing urbanization characterised by the continu-ous proliferation of informal settlements. In the City of Lusaka over 70 percent of residents live in informal settlements. The purpose of this paper is to provide an account of how inclusive land administration is in the City of Lusaka using the perspective of good governance principles. The sample comprised 10 key informants purposively selected from government institutions/ civil society organisations and 60 respondents conveniently drawn from informal settlements. The findings were analysed thematically and using descriptive statistics. The findings show that there is need to create policies and legislation that assists in developing viable, liveable and inclusive townships. Most indicators of the five good governance principles recorded negative responses of at least 60 per cent. Formal urban land development arrangements in the city have not been able to cope with the demands of the majority of urban residents. The study suggests that land and housing policies be revised to serve a broader purpose beyond the provision of shelter in order to suit the dynamic and contemporary needs of specific societies. Further re-search is needed on tenure responsive land use planning in order to understand existing commu-nity dynamics (economic and social support networks) and implement practical changes for tackling informality if Zambian cities and communities are to be sustainable and resilient.
Weiming Tong CDFMR, Liyuan Zhu CDFMR and Kevin Lo CDFMR
Large-scale rural land appropriation and displacement, driven by the unprecedented urban growth currently experienced in China, has created millions of land-lost peasants who live in the city but remain culturally, socially and institutionally rural. The situation has attracted growing attention in the literature because of its negative social impact, but relatively few studies have addressed how land-lost farmers adapt to urban ways of life and what factors influence their life satisfaction. In this paper, we investigate the predictors of livelihood adaptation and life satisfaction of land-lost farmers from a land appropriation case in the city of Changchun, Northeast China. The results show that, five years after the appropriation, livelihood adaptation remained very difficult and life satisfaction was poor among the resettlers. Furthermore, marginalised groups, such as those who were older, less educated and from smaller families, and those with lower pre-displacement income were less likely to have a higher income level after resettlement, resulting in a lower level of life satisfaction. Women also had lower life satisfaction than men. The study highlights an urgent need to improve China’s unjust land appropriation policy with a particular focus on attending to the needs of marginalised groups.