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Mumeen Olatunbosun Alabi, Sheriffdeen Adewale Tella, Ibrahim Abidemi Odusanya and Olumuyiwa Ganiyu Yinusa

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between financial deepening, foreign direct investment and output performance in Nigeria from 1980-2015 using the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Bound Test approach. A long-run relationship was established between financial deepening indicators, foreign direct investment and output performance in Nigeria. Foreign direct investment and market capitalization as a percentage of the GDP exerted significantly on output performance both in the short-run and in the long-run periods. It is recommended that financial depth should be enhanced through improved and highly efficient provision of credit by banks to the real sector of the Nigerian economy.

Open access

Liliana Eva Donath, Roxana Ioan and Tatenda Mandimutsira

Abstract

The definition and scope of sustainability have evolved over the years, stimulated by debates which have won the attention of investors, thereby creating concepts such as responsible investment, socially responsible investment, responsible finance, etc. The purpose of the paper is to demonstrate whether screening has an effect on the financial performance of mutual funds and whether these effects are positive or negative. The study mainly focuses on the U.S. market as it is well developed and therefore provides greater insight and value. The research method uses the Markowitz and Sharpe market models to determine the market value of SRI and non SRI mutual funds. The study also depicts the investors’ attitude towards embedding sustainability driven variables in the decision making process as well as the market response to socially responsible investments.

Open access

Windi Wijayanti, Devanto Shasta Pratomo and Mohamad Khusaini

Abstract

The study examines the effect of the socio-economic factors on the health status of elderly in East Java using the Indonesian Socio-Economic Survey (SUSENAS) of 2016. The socio-economic factors consist of sex, education, working activity, relationship status with the head of household, living arrangement, economic status, and location of residence. This study uses the ordered probit analysis accommodating three ordered potential health status of elderly, including (1) elderly without health problems, (2) elderly with health problems but not severe, and (3) elderly with severe health problems. The result of the study suggests that the health of the elderly is influenced significantly by some socioeconomic factors including education, working activity, relationship status with head of household, living arrangement, and economic factors.

Open access

Shimon Elbaz and Adriana Zaiț

Abstract

This research, based on a pilot study performed by the Israeli Electricity Company (IEC) in the framework of a demand management arrangement, focused on an economic approach for influencing domestic customers’ electricity consumption. The main objectives were to find out if monetary incentives in the form of a constant discount in the household consumer’s electricity bill (with no connection to consumption levels) influence consumers participating in a demand management arrangement with their electricity provider (here the IEC) and if such an incentive will lead to a decrease in the participants’ electricity consumption and/or a shift in their consumption from peak to low demand hours. The study examined also the monetary incentive’s influence on the participants’ willingness to join a future arrangement. The findings show that the participants who received a constant incentive increased their consumption, contrary to the expected behaviour, suggesting the presence of a “rebound effect”. One of the incentives that predicted a tendency to save electricity was the pro environmental attitude of the consumer, whereas financial incentives did not predict a tendency to save electricity. Damage to consumer comfort caused by load shedding exerted no significant influence. The economic incentive of a discount in the electricity bill increased the consumers’ willingness to join a future arrangement, even at the cost of compromising their privacy, although the possibility that this arrangement would lead to the loss of their control of home electric appliances as a result of load shedding drastically decreased this willingness. A positive financial incentive was found to have a minor influence on consumers’ willingness to participate in a demand management arrangement, while a negative incentive (the wish to avoid fines) was found to be very influential. Comparing to previous studies, the results are mixed, confirming some previous findings and contradicting others – and they offer an important contribution for the worldwide debate on energy conservation and household electricity reduction, through the Israeli dimension in a complex puzzle.

Open access

Dian Hakip Nurdiansyah and Gusganda Suria Manda

SUMMARY

Local Bank (BPR) as one of the financial institutions in Indonesia in carrying out its activities collecting funds from the public in the form of savings and deposits and channeling back the funds collected through the provision of credit. This study aims to determine, describe and explain the Effect of Allowance for Bad Debt to the Level of Profitability in Subang BPR of Pabuaran Branch. The method used is descriptive method, and testing of the data - the data studied. The data used is data from the financial statements of PD BPR Subang of Pabuaran Branch in 2012 to 2015 with a monthly ratio reports. Any increase in the value of allowance for bad debt (X) of 1% would cause a rise in the value of profitability level in terms of the comparison of operating cost with operating income (Y) of 0.333% and vice versa. The conclusion is the level of allowance for bad debt does not significantly affect the level of profitability as measured by the comparison of operating expenses to operating income.

Open access

Aliya Zhakanova Isiksal, Huseyin Isiksal, Rakhmetullina Shynar Zhakanovna, Savanchiyeva Armanay Sagatbayevna and Alibek Zhakanov

SUMMARY

This article analyses the current environmental aspects and the mechanisms of environmental regulation in Kazakhstan with specific emphasis of Pavlodar Region for the development of tourism. The study showed that the environmental situation in Pavlodar Region requires the adoption of a number of activities and legal regulation for improvement and development of tourism. The improvement of tourism is very important for the regional budget and for the overall economic development of the area. It is argued that for the effective management and the development of the tourism industry, the existing taxation system that is the Tax Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan requires some amendments, sustainable development measures should put into the practice with the introduction of technological systems that based upon the use solar and wind energy, and “Green Economy” strategy should be implemented into the practical life and monitored effectively.

Open access

Magdalena Jasiniak

Abstract

The article deals with the psychological determinants of investment decisions made by an individual investor on the capital market. The purpose of this article is to try to assess the relationship between capital involvement and selected personality traits and how individuals perceive investments in securities of different nominal unit price. The author attempts to verify whether specific price thresholds affect respondents in a similar way as prices of goods and services to customers, in the context of capital investment. The results of the nationwide survey of 564 individual investors are based on analyses using the model of the willingness to invest in shares with a specific nominal value compared to the individual characteristics of the respondents. The results of the study indicate a significant relationship between personality traits and the tendency to choose stocks with relatively low or very high denomination (current transaction price).

Open access

Sebastian Tocar

Abstract

When investigating foreign direct investment, scientists focus on different combinations of factors. They often emphasize the economic ones, while underestimating the others. Among the non-economic factors, there are several problems regarding the identification of relevant FDI determinants. The aim of this paper is the provision of a comprehensive review of the factors that are considered to impact the attraction of FDI and the identification of relevant FDI determinants. From the variety of factors, mentioned in the specialty literature, we identified eleven categories of FDI determinants. We also provided a comprehensive review of categorical and methodological interferences of the identified factors, proposing potential working hypothesis for future researches in the field. The final assessment of this study is the creation of a Synthesis of the factors influencing FDI.

Open access

Anita Todea

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of culture on stock price informativeness in a sample of firms from 23 developed stock markets. We find that the information content of private information in stock prices is higher in more individualistic countries and in low uncertainty-avoiding countries. Moreover, financial openness stimulates the incorporation of private information into individualistic countries and in low uncertainty-avoiding countries.

Open access

Wojciech Stiller

Abstract

The financial crisis has stimulated debate on the taxation of the financial sector. The focus is on the bank levy and financial transaction tax, whereas corporate income tax attracts less attention in the public debate. Accordingly, this study analyses the contribution of the financial sector to Polish revenue from corporate income tax. Based on tax statistics of the Ministry of Finance from 1998 to 2016, the aggregated effective tax burden of the financial sector is determined and compared with the tax burden of corporations from other sectors. In addition, the study deals with loss deduction of the financial sector in comparison to non-financial corporations.

The study shows that the effective tax burden of the financial sector - measured as a ratio of the tax due to income - is higher than the corresponding burden for corporations from outside this sector. A higher corporate income tax burden of the financial sector also applies if it is measured by aggregated profits reduced by losses. An exception to this is the period up to 2002 and the year 2009, when the effective tax burden of the financial sector was lower after the inclusion of losses when compared to other sectors of the Polish economy. This can be explained by the relatively low losses of the Polish financial corporations compared to other corporations. Furthermore, the study shows that tax losses in the financial sector are used much more effectively. The minimum ratio of the expired loss carry-forward - due to its limitation up to five years – to the reported losses accounts for 20.2% for this sector and is thereby significantly lower than the corresponding share of 54.6% for non-financial corporations.