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Open access

Anthony Chukwuma Nwali and Anyalor Maureen

Abstract

The study investigated the challenges of marketing Abakaliki rice with interest in establishing the profitability and socio-economic characteristics of the marketer of the product. Mixed-method research approach consisting of the application of questionnaires and interview was used. It was conducted in three major markets located at Onu Ebonyi, Abakpa and Kpirikpiri in Ebonyi state, Nigeria. The population of the study was 120 marketers randomly selected using simple random sampling technique and proportional to the size of the market. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics. The results shows that women dominate the trade as 62% of Abakaliki rice marketers are women. Challenges of institutional, transportation facilities capital and credit facility constrained the growth of the business. Cost benefit analysis also shows that marketing of Abakaliki rice is profitable as N192, 740 only was the net profit at the end of the trading period. The study concludes by recommending formation of cooperative societies to enhance accessibility of start-up capital while governments at various levels should develop marketing policies that increase the marketing network of Abakaliki rice.

Open access

Chien-Ho Ko and Jiun-De Kuo

Abstract

Traditional formwork design processes entail considerable waste, increasing non-value-adding manpower costs and operational time. The purpose of this research is to use lean thinking in formwork design so as to enhance design correctness and eliminate waste through establishing a Lean Formwork Design Process. In the design process, the concurrent design concept is adopted to provide a visual communication platform for design team members using Building Information Modeling (BIM). Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) are used as a protocol for sharing design artifacts. Design correctness is established to review and correct design errors, thus allowing for the construction of an organizational learning environment. Finally, the Lean Formwork Design Process is conceptualized using stock-flow diagrams. A real case is used to validate the applicability of the proposed approach. Application results show that the proposed method can enhance design correctness and reduce manpower waste and operational time in formwork engineering. This study is one of the first to apply lean thinking to improve practices in formwork design.

Open access

Andrija Đurović

Abstract

This paper aims to present one possible retail estimation framework of lifetime probability of default in accordance with IFRS 9. The framework rests on “term structure of probability of default” conditional to given forward-looking macroeconomic dynamics. Due to the one of the biggest limitation of forward-looking modelling – data availability, model averaging technique for quantification of macroeconomic effect on default probability is explained.

Open access

Mirna Dumičić

Abstract

This paper identifies and describes some of the main channels through which fiscal policy is linked to financial stability. For that purpose, several features of public debt related to financial stability are explored, such as public debt management and its sustainability, government’s funding costs and their impact on costs of funding for private sector, financial institutions’ exposures to the government etc. The part related to the tax policy elaborates on its countercyclical capacity, the role of automatic stabilizers, tax incentives that encourage or discourage certain type of financing, and impact of tax reliefs on systemic risks, particularly those targeted at the real estate. Fiscal policy role during the periods of strong capital inflows is also described from the financial stability point of view, which is followed by the overview of fiscal and quasi-fiscal costs of financial instability. Specific problem of different time horizon of economic policymakers’, which is in the case of fiscal policy usually related to election cycles and thus negatively affects its countercyclical capacity, is also explored. Given the relevance of the identified channels for financial stability, it can be expected that macroprudential capacity of fiscal policy will gain much more attention in the future research and policy work.

Open access

Saed Jamil Shahwan

Abstract

This paper sought to explore the role played by Lacan in the analysis of Hemingway’s work in The Old Man and the Sea. It is clear from the analysis that Lacan contributed immensely to the growth and improvement of the literary work between 1901 and 1981. Similarly, for effective analysis of the novel, Lacan sought to bring out issues on desires, conscious, unconscious, subconscious, psychology and others in the interpretation of the Hemingway’s literature. However, to achieve the objective, Lacan adopted his psychological stages of development that includes the real, mirror, and the symbolic stages. Through these stages, Lacan clearly brought out the content as perceived by Hemingway of social, cultural and religion. Ultimately, the analysis of the old man and the sea by Lacan showed that as people become aware or conscious they start to hope for unconsciousness.

Open access

Azona Nyok Mabil

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of accounting ethics with regards to its financial reporting quality in South Sudan. Specifically, the study examined the influence of accountants’ competence, accountants’ independence, accountants’ objectivity and accountants’ integrity on quality of financial reports amongst South Sudanese commercial banks. Descriptive survey design was utilised to conduct the study. The target population in this study was 190 accountants distributed over the head offices of 8 commercial banks that were domiciled in South Sudan. Stratified sampling was employed incorporating each segment of the population sample. The study targeted 129 respondents to participate in the study where questionnaires were used as data collection tools. Study results established that competence of accountants (β = 0.456; p < 0.05), independence of accountants (β = 0.213; p < 0.05), objectivity of accountants (β = 0.253; p < 0.05) and integrity of accountants (β = 0.244; p < 0.05) all had positive and significant effect on financial reporting quality. The study recommends that management of the commercial banks should professionalize their accounting departments and enhance competence by ensuring that hiring is on merit and have on the job training opportunities. Moreover, the commercial banks should continually develop their accounting staff both internally and sponsoring them for educational seminars or workshops. Lastly, accountants should be given the authority and support required to enable them add value to the organisation by provide organisation wide risk management.

Open access

Ngo Trung Thanh, Philippe Lebailly and Nguyen Thi Dien

Abstract

Many researchers have tried to explain the motivation behind out and return migration. However, few bodies of literature focus on selection of destinations of out migration, motives to return according to marriage status of migrants before the return and gender perspective of employments on the return. By surveying 68 returnees and applying participatory rural appraisal, this study shows that the personal and household characteristics of returnees before the migration create an effect on destination selections On the return, both single and married migrants are motivated by filial obligations to their parents. Single migrants’ motive associates to the potential failures that can be a burden on their livings after getting married. Married migrants’ motive to return results from living away from their children. This study also demonstrates that women play an important role in the development of agriculture. Additionaly, agriculture acts as a buffer to the negative impacts of return migration.

Open access

Sun Kang, Pradtana Yossuck, Chalermchai Panyadee and Bongkochmas Ek-lem

Abstract

With the development of China’s ‘One Belt and One Road’(OBOR) Initiative, many Chinese students have chosen Thai universities for foreign study in recent years. As usual, problems of cross-cultural adaptation becoming the primary issues they encounter during their stay in Thailand. Based on a survey of 314 Chinese undergraduates studying at eight universities in the upper northern region of Thailand, this study analyzed the influencing factors of the cross-cultural adaptation process of these Chinese students. It tested the Young Yun Kim’s structure model, which contains six dimensions of determining aspects on international students’ cross-cultural adaptation process. A quantitative research method was applied in this article by using a structured questionnaire as a tool to collect primary data. The data analysis was conducted by using Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient and Multiple Regressions. The findings indicated that five dimensions, i.e., Communication Competence (CC), Host Social Communication (HSC), Intercultural Transformation (IT), Environment (EN), and Predisposition (PR) are significant determining aspects for the cross-cultural adaptation process of Chinese students. Furthermore, nine influencing factors out of these five dimensions had significant positive impacts on the cross-cultural adaptation process. Therefore they are considered as the main influencing factors.

Open access

Luli Hoxha and Cheryl McMahan

Abstract

The world population is aging rapidly. The United Nations listed aging as one of the main social transformations of the twenty-first century. Aging impacts project managers as well. The most prevalent form of discrimination in workplaces is age discrimination. This study evaluated how project managers’ age influences project success. The population was 108 active or former project managers working in Albania or Kosovo. By using quantitative analysis, it was demonstrated that project managers’ age did not significantly predict project success. Therefore, there is a need to increase awareness among employers, so older project managers are not discriminated based on age.

Open access

Irisi Kasapi and Ines Nurja

Abstract

This paper attempts to shed light on the concepts of cognitive and affective image and investigate the effects of destination image on tourist loyalty, though one of the aforementioned aspects of destination image. Data was collected using the convenience sampling method. After a review of the most crucial places where foreign visitors could turn into during their stay in Tirana, there were identified a few attractive interception points. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was used to test the hypotheses constructed. SPSS 20.0 statistical package was employed in this particular study for the descriptive analysis of the sample, while LISREL 9.30 was used for structural equation modelling. The results of the study showed that cognitive image had a direct and significant influence on affective image, explaining in this way the formation process of the destination image concept. Moreover, when examining the relationship between destination image and tourist loyalty it was found out that cognitive image had a direct influence on tourist loyalty. The results of the study prove to be beneficial both at an empirical and practical level. As a matter of fact, it does not only provide insightful information for tourism operators and policy-makers, but it also contributes in the body of knowledge of the country where the study takes place.