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Denis Hänzi

Abstract

It has become a commonplace to consider the ideal of an artistic work attitude as being the very driving force behind today’s “aesthetic capitalism.” The present contribution questions this notion and shows that the exemplary model of the artist merely represents one component of a much larger “regime of potentiality.” Thus, the article propounds the analysis of “potentialism” as an approach that might help to grasp the reproductive logics of late capitalism without reducing them to a “creativity dispositive.”

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André Ducret, Andrea Glauser, Olivier Moeschler and Valérie Rolle

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Isabelle Moroni

Abstract

Geographical mobility has become a norm of contemporary art. This article examines the spatial dynamics of artists as they face the challenges presented by peripheral territory in visual arts, putting their mobility and flexibility to the test. Whether staying anchored in a geographical area or moving abroad depends on the dominant scheme within the world of art. The globalization of contemporary art promotes the formation and recognition of “hypermobile” artists, but it can also lead to local strategies of withdrawal.

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Pierre-Michel Menger

Abstract

Flexibility in highly skilled jobs combines the characteristics of the secondary and the professional labor market, which oblige to revise the separation between salaried work and self-employment. Two cases are studied: the employment system of artists and technical workers in the performing arts and the work of independent contractors mediated by umbrella firms. An analysis of the French labor market shows how “flexicurity” may work, but also how its books may get unbalanced, as employers learn to make strategic use of unemployment insurance.

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Carolin Amlinger

Abstract

This article considers the normative conceptions and images that contemporary German fiction authors associate with their own work. On the basis of twenty narrative interviews, the article examines the extent to which the different self-reflections of authors manifest themselves in subjective interpretations and literary practices, which in turn reflect the economic and social structure of the literary field. This study aims at an empirical reconstruction of typical notions of authorship.

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Marc Perrenoud and Pierre Bataille

Abstract

Ordinary musicians are a relatively hard to find population. Based on the results of the research project Musicians’ LIVES carried out between 2012 and 2015, this article presents the working situation of performing musicians in French speaking Switzerland. We compare the social characteristics of the musicians with the active population. We then analyse musicians’ relationship to work and examine the composition of their income. Three main ways of being a musician in Western Switzerland are presented: the “craftsman,” the “teacher” and the “artist.”

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Sarah Speck

Abstract

Based on a qualitative study on heterosexual female breadwinner couples, this article investigates milieu-specific coping strategies vis-à-vis conditions of precariousness and insecure employment. Against the background of the decline of the male breadwinner model, the study especially focuses on the transformations of masculinity. The article develops the thesis that an “artistic” self-image functions as a specific coping mechanism in the individualized milieu of the educated urban upper middle class.

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Paul Reinbacher

Abstract

«Sozialkapital» ist in den letzten Jahren Gegenstand zahlreicher Untersuchungen gewesen, wobei man es allerdings meist formal als Netzwerkstruktur oder inhaltlich als Normenbestand definiert hat, um es letztlich zum modischen «umbrella term» für grundsätzlich bekannte soziologische Tatsachen zu machen. Demgegenüber wird hier vorgeschlagen, unter Rückgriff auf T. Parsons, N. Luhmann und H. Staubmann «soziales Kapital» über die affektive Dimension des Sozialen zu bestimmen.

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Raphaël Hammer

Abstract

Based on interviews, this article explores how obstetrician-gynaecologists in Switzerland deal with and respond to the risk of malpractice claims. It describes the factors associated with the interviewees’ perceived increasing risk of litigation, as well as three attitudes towards the use of consent forms as a means of managing such a risk. This article suggests that the perceived risk of claims is closely linked to the physicians’ perception of how external regulation shapes their professional autonomy.

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Sighard Neckel

Abstract

Dans de nombreuses sociétés modernes, une transformation sociale est en cours, établissant des privilèges «néo-féodaux» pour les classes fortunées, tandis que les couches inférieures sont confrontées à l’exclusion et au retour du travail forcé. Se référant à un concept analytique développé jadis par Jürgen Habermas, cette transformation est conçue comme une «reféodalisation» du capitalisme moderne. La «reféodalisation» est un mode paradoxal de transformation sociale qui fait apparaître des modèles sociaux pré-modernes comme résultats de la modernisation.