Early knowledge of medieval literature, not only in Latin, it transfers you into a heaven of peace. No wonder that out of such springs came out the whole methodology of the famous lectio divina (see Mario Masini) from which we still feed a large part of modern communication methods. Scala divini amoris is such a challenge for the modern reader. Preserved in a manuscript Egerton 945 in the British Library in London, the text is written in Occitan, unknown both to researchers in theology and to scholars from those specializing in Provencal. The manuscript Egerton 945 contains two major texts: Liber divinis amoris și De divina impletione.
This study engages into a wider reflection about Paul Ricoeur. Undoubtedly, he is a remarkable personality of thought and spiritual life, being known as the “philosopher of obedience”. On the one hand, the novelty of his thinking lies in the narrative identity, in the dissociation between the same and the ipseity, diachronic and synchronic, between the socius and the neighbor. On the other hand, he reveals us a „modus vivendi”, between the rational-philosophical rigor and the Protestant religious beliefs, with regard to the depths of the confrontation between desire and choice, between understanding and explaining, between universal and singular. Nevertheless, his panoramic view of life departs from the complexity of life, from existentialism, as a radical opposition between the being itself and the being for itself or the self. As a conclusion, throughtout Paul Ricoeur’s domains-philosophy and religion-physical and psychological integrity implies by analogy a moral integrity.
The aim of this study is to analyze the structure of the Zamolxian myth and the implications that follow from the perspective of historian and philosopher Vasile Pârvan. Zamolxe, the god and the King of the Geto-Dacians, are in the center of his doctrine the thesis that man is a whole of two essential elements: sphere and soul. As Socrates also points out in the Charmide Dialogue, the great importance is the state in which the soul is found, which prevails in front of the body. Moreover, the state of the soul undoubtedly determines the state of the body after. The soul in relation to the body of the flesh, prone to suicide, is the very essence of the essence, because “everyone here starts from the soul.” The asprime of life does not prevent the Getae from believing in immortal eternity, in another world encountering Zalmoxe. For Eliade, Zamolxis is a “daimon or a theos,” which reveals a doctrine that “depends on the ontological regime of post mortem existence.” Zamolxis is not from the beginning a supernatural being, he appears in a “religious history of eschatological type “, the coordinates of which are occult and epiphany. In the center of this doctrine is placed the idea of the immortality of the soul.
The present study resonates with the primacy of the exemplary model of the inaugural lessons in the program/curriculum of critical school achievements, in the spirit of Alexandru Zub question about what the inaugural lessons should say? The answer calls for a return to the Xenopol model, but also for the reopening of the Kogălniceanu’s methodological laboratory, stating the need for any course to be inaugurated through a broad exposure of the field, by drawing attention to the theoretical and methodological horizon, by enumerating the boundaries and limitations of research; but also, by gaining the interest of the audience. Pârvanian historiosophy is decisive in the flow of the so-called method, attaching the teacher’s vocation to the prerogative of the philosopher, and relying on two conjugated attitudes: the first „evolutionary synthesizer of thought”, the second „cosmic valoriser of the world and of life.” Thus, we will insist on the ideo-historical ribbons/nervures of the four inaugural lessons of Vasile Pârvan, presenting them with the decisive remarks about the rethinking of philosophy and history. This approach is circumscribed to the atmosphere of the Centenary of the Romanian Great Union as a means of returning to exemplary models to counter the dysfunctions of functional illiteracy, the confusing and synchronous perspective of teaching history in school, and the program to eliminate the historical dimension of the culture study - exhibited at the anniversary moment of the Romanian culture by Academician Ioan-Aurel Pop.
This paper investigates the nature of creativity in language and linguistics. Following Sampson (2016), it distinguishes between F-creativity (which roughly equals linguistic productivity) and E-creativity (which leads to new and unexpected innovations). These two notions of creativity are discussed on the basis of examples from three different domains: snow cloning, mismatch/coercion, and aberration. It is shown that pure E-creativity may only be found in the case of aberration. Both snow cloning and mismatch/coercion are examples for F-creativity, but to varying degrees. As a consequence, it is suggested that in practice, F- and E-creativity actually form a cline, rather than a dichotomy.
In order to demonstrate an aspect in which the novel is relatable to the canon of absurdism and enrich the view of dimensions in which it functions, the purpose of the following article is a reading of Flann O’Brien’s The Third Policeman in relation to the Absurd as an ontological category of existentialism and absurdism. Firstly, some assumptions already made on account of the novel are introduced. Secondly, the relevant and chosen characteristics of the Absurd are summarized in relation to Kierkegaard’s and Camus’s conceptions of the Absurd. Then, the novel is interpreted in relation to the insufficiency of human knowledge and rational thought in terms of achieving comprehension transcending existence. Lastly, the novel is interpreted in relation to the narrator’s fear of death, with death as an element transcending existence and adding to its irrationality. Overall, the way in which the novel depicts a specific contraction resulting in the Absurd is illustrated.
This paper deals with a psychoanalytic interpretation of the titular story. It is part of the first volume in the Hungarian anthology series entitled Night Zoo – An Anthology of Women’s Sexuality (‘Éjszakai Állatkert – Antológia a női szexualitásról’). The analysis focuses on the story Night Zoo (‘Éjszakai Állatkert’) written by Zsófia Bán according to Freud’s personality theory. The theory regards our psyche as divided into three parts. The id is the instinctual part of our mind that represents our sexual and hidden desires, the superego contains the moral conscience and the norms, and the ego mediates between the wishes of the id and the rules of the superego. The chosen short story seems to revolve around unfulfilled love between two people. But after critical reading, it is obvious that this is not a love story of two people, but the relationship lies between the narrator and her unfulfilled desires. There is an immense conflict between instincts and social expectations. The narrator’s id has a desire; she just wants to be happy and have harmony in her life. But the superego does not allow her to fulfill the desire. The ego is therefore instrumental in deciding what the correct decision is.
This research study focuses on a social semiotic approach to Ismail Kadare’s novel The Palace of Dreams. The novel was chosen for study and analysis because it is considered to be one of the Kadare’s most important works. The Palace of Dreams reflects many aspects of Albanian society including governmental abuse of power during the period of the communist regime. The analysis of literary space in this novel focuses on locating the literary discourse in the text and the spaces of the text that produce discourse with their shape, presence and extension. The purpose of this research study is to see how and in what way meaning is conveyed through spaces, and also how and in what shape it serves the comprehensive ideas of the novel. Our purpose is not only to highlight the values of this novel, but rather enable to understand the great importance that space plays in people’s work environments and in their private lives (the characters), and how crucial the space is for their lives and destinies.