This paper presents the analysis of existing forms of heat absorbing surfaces of air solar collectors, which gained the greatest popularity in the world. The obtained data allowed to conclude that there is a need for the development of solar collectors with air as a coolant with an improved form of heat absorber, which will reduce the operational and capital costs of solar systems and allow the efficient use of such structures in a moderate climate without additional mechanisms for the transfer of coolant. The use of computer simulation helped to compare the thermal characteristics of air-borne solar collectors of a different design. The substantiation of the expediency of installing as a heat absorber of flow turbulators in the form of a screw has been fulfilled, as well as the height of the air channel of the solar collector has been determined, in which the maximum heating of the transfer medium is observed. In addition, the loss of pressure in the air channel of the solar collector with flow turbulators was determined and the comparison of the obtained data with the values of pressure losses in the air collector of the matrix type and the air collector with V-shaped ribs was made.
The G8D method is a universal method for solving problems arising in production processes, also used in optimisation of these processes. The method allows the detection and elimination of any drawbacks occurring in manufacturing processes and ensuring the safety of these processes.
In the article, the authors have presented one of the sensitive and critical disciplines of the G8D problem solving method in production processes, i.e. discipline D2 - “problem description”. The authors have presented the algorithm of procedure in the discipline D2 as well as the quality management tools that can be used to correctly “describe the problem”. The authors have also discussed the procedure for the discipline D2 in the “problem description” for the case of the projection welding of a nut.
The goal of the paper is to present the application of Business Intelligence systems belonging to the area of business analytics in the domain of logistics and particularly indicate its role and meaning in supporting logistics decision making processes. Its content embraces the characteristic of BI systems, its functionality, construction and benefits resulting from its implementation. The paper also presents review of research and case studies connected to the BI usage in such areas of logistics as optimization of supply chain, managerial dashboard design and improvement of business processes.
The paper deals with possibilities of low carbon technology application in metallurgy. It sums up the world wide experience with them and presents possibilities of their application in metallurgical production in view of carbon dioxide emission responsible for greenhouse effect and global warming of the Earth. It summarizes research projects in this field and presents the results and conclusion resulting from them. It is aimed at the possibilities of low carbon application in sinter and subsequently in blast furnace process. It presents research on reducibility of metallurgical ekosinter produced with share of biomass in comparison with sample of industrial one. It describes the testing methodology carried out in accordance with ISO 4695:2007. The samples were tested in reduction atmosphere created by 40% CO2 and 60% N2 simulating conditions in blast furnace aggregate at temperature 950°C. The obtained results confirmed better reducibility rate of ekosinter which reached the reduction index (dR/dt) 1.15, in comparison with industrial sinter of reduction index 0.83.
The paper discusses options for assessing risks with a view to identifying the nature and scope of the impacts of non-conformities and defining improvement opportunities. Such options are described in terms of hazards and opportunities. The opportunities reflect the measures required to increase the chances of establishing more effective safety management systems. The hazards reflect the circumstances that may prevent organizations achieving the desired benefits and that must therefore be eliminated in the course of system deployment and operation. Once identified, the above will help build the capacity to improve the existing management system in any organization that seeks to systemically modify its occupational safety system. The paper invokes the requirements set forth in ISO 45001, which it cross-references with binding legislation (including Directive 89/391/EEC). The approach helps define the benefits to be derived from assessing risks with a view to identify improvement opportunities and hazards by methods best suited to an organization’s environment.
The strategic importance of information for the functioning of each economic entity forces entrepreneurs to properly protect them against loss, unauthorized disclosure or unauthorized modification. Hence, organizations build complex security systems taking into account state-of-the-art technical solutions, while belittling often the most important element, which is the human factor. It should be emphasized that it is the intentional or accidental actions of the human that can lead to the loss of information security. In addition, it is also the potential of human capabilities and skills can provide an effective defense against the failure or technical security.
The article presents the basic stages of human resource management in the aspect of information security. Complementing these considerations will be the presentation and discussion of the results of surveys aimed at assessing the level of employee awareness in the area of information security.
Grinding operations are one of the most commonly used preparation processes in many branches, for example in food, energy and chemical sectors. This paper focuses on the issues connected with design of technical objects in accordance with sustainable development assumptions. The aim of this study is to create methodology of sustainable design of grinding machine, including external influences involved in their operation, to increase safety, energy, economic and eco- efficiency. The problem formulated as a question: what techniques, equipment, methods, and ways should be used in design to obtain a new, better grinder structure? To resolve the problem, original methodology of sustainable design has been created.
The paper considers the use of the bootstrap method to improve the determination of confidence intervals identified by the DOE (design of experiment) procedure. Two different approaches have been used: one that is appropriate for factorial designs and the other one relevant to the methodology of the response surface. Both approaches were tested on the real experiment datasets and compared with the results obtained from the classical statistical expressions based on well-known asymptotic formulas derived from the t distribution.
Project management is general planning, coordination and inspection of the project, from the initial stage all the way to final phase, its purpose is an accomplishment of the accepted task and creation of the functional final effect, without exceeding established costs, time-frames and fulfillment of required standards of the quality. The present article was devoted to the issue of the project management in the construction sector in order to reduce the business risk. The study is based on literature examinations with an own methodological solution for project management in the construction industry. After introducing a set of definitions of the project and describing the concept of project management, a characterization of the project management in the construction industry and its effects in the economic space were described
Shade effect is a defect of the images very often invisible for human vision perception but may cause difficulties in proper image processing and object detection especially if the aim of the task is to proceed detection and quantitative analysis of the objects. There are several methods in image processing systems or presented in the literature, however some of them introduce unexpected changes in the images, what may interfere the final quantitative analysis. In order to solve this problem, authors proposed a new method for shade correction, which is based on simulation of the image background based on analytical methods which return pixel values representing smooth grey level changes. Comparison of the effects of correction by applying standard methods and the method proposed are presented.