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Abstract

This piece is dedicated tothedescription of the development of collision risk mitigating system. The proposed concept of control system is designed to enhance safety ofpassengers, a driver and other people in vicinityof light rail vehicles (tramways).The requirements were fulfilled thanks to the application of lidar sensor and feature of vehicle positioning on the track map created basingon precise measurements with the use of satellite navigation systemReal Time Kinematic. The map allows to eliminate errors of system operation and to enhance resistance to unfavorable ambient conditions, i.e.temperature or fog. The system calculates work braking distance for particular vehicle speed. In case of obstacle detection which is closer to vehicle than the calculated braking distance, the driver is informed about a collision risk with a buzzer and optical signalization. The system has already been implemented and tested.

Abstract

The paper presents the influence of coatings applied with the use of PVD method on cutting tools on the wear of the tool and compares it with an uncoated P25 cemented carbide plate. During the experiment, two types of TiAlN coatings were used, applied in various proportions, as well as TiN coating. During the tests, the average width of the wear band on the flank face in B VBBzone and the width of KBcrater were monitored. Moreover, the scanning analysis of the tool was conducted in order to determine the intensity of adhesive wear. The lowest values of selected tool wear indicators were found out with the use of TiAlN coating applied in eight layers in the proportions 33/67% -TiN/TiAlN. The scanning analysis proved the highest adhesive wear of the uncoated P25 cemented carbide plate, as well as increased abrasive wear of the flank face and the formation of a crater in comparison with coated plates.