For planners, processes of complex spatial transformations today are comparable to uncharted land and an uncertain voyage. Many possible role images overlap and contrast to traditional and established ways of thinking and acting. The focus here is on navigating instead of controlling, about supporting instead of enforcing. Planning lacks tools to think and act when facing uncertainty. This paper proposes role-reflexive planning as an educational and experimental approach to thinking through different potentialities. It offers groundwork from the boundary between planning and transition studies, using role-based ideas as a bridge. It offers an overview about different roles that are relevant to working towards transformations as spatial planners. It develops an account of role-reflexive planning that connects between contexts, actions and back to individual modes of behaviour in planning processes. As a basis, this paper condenses experiences of a role-playing pilot workshop and discussions about potential elements of a transition towards 'post-growth planning'. It outlines how role-playing challenges the individual roles of actors beyond the game situations themselves. Conceptual ideas foster a renewed role-based debate on thinking and acting in the face of uncertainty and ways to navigate through the stormy waters of transformation.
Ziel des vorliegenden Beitrags ist es, die alltägliche Praxis von Stadtplanerinnen und Stadtplanern zu reflektieren, um sich vertiefend mit Stadtplanung als Disziplin auseinanderzusetzen und herauszufinden, welche Implikationen damit für das berufliche Selbstverständnis von Planerinnen und Planern verbunden sind. Auf der Basis einer schriftlichen Befragung unter Planerinnen und Planern in den öffentlichen Verwaltungen deutscher Mittelstädte kann festgestellt werden, dass Stadtplanung zwar über spezifische inhaltliche Schwerpunkte und das dazugehörige Fachwissen verfügt, es Stadtplanung aber nicht gelingt, ihre gesellschaftliche Bedeutung glaubhaft zu vermitteln und die Identität der Planung herauszubilden. Stadtplanerinnen und Stadtplaner sorgen zwar für einen möglichst reibungslosen Ablauf der Verfahren und die Rechtssicherheit der Projekte, die Formalisierung der Bauleitplanung trägt aber gleichzeitig dazu bei, dass konzeptionelle Ansätze für eine verantwortungsbewusste Stadtentwicklung nur selten zu finden sind. Dies schlägt sich auch in den Selbst- und Rollenverständnissen von Planerinnen und Planern nieder, die sich eher als Projekt- und Prozessmanager und weniger als Innovatoren bzw. Impulsgeber sehen. Darüber hinaus ist der Berufsalltag durch interdisziplinäre Arbeitsweisen und Fachkenntnisse bestimmt, was ein weiteres unverwechselbares Merkmal von Stadtplanung darstellt. Die ausgeprägte Interdisziplinarität ist gleichzeitig aber auch die größte Schwäche von Stadtplanung, da die Vielzahl an Ansätzen, Wissensformen und Methoden dazu führt, dass es keinen eindeutig identifizierbaren Kern gibt. Eine Verständigung darüber scheint aber umso wichtiger, um den Planerinnen und Planern für ihr Handeln eine neue Orientierung zu geben, um (auch) zukünftig eine proaktive und strategische Koordination und Steuerung der Raumentwicklung im Sinne einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung zu gewährleisten.
This paper deals with the transformations of (post)industrial towns in Poland, which took place during the transition from a centralised communist economy to liberal capitalism. As a consequence, a number of areas became redundant. These malfunctioning spaces represent serious spatial, social and economic problems. The complex multifaceted nature of towns means, however, that there were no simple solutions leading to immediate improvements. Investments focused on particular, isolated areas appeared to be far from sufficient interventions. Therefore, comprehensive programmes aimed at holistic urban regeneration are more common nowadays. Since local community wellbeing is one of the key factors in these renewal schemes, social participation is a crucial part of the process. This allows residents to have an influence on the regeneration of their town, which (if well carried out) is expected to improve space, economy and quality of life. The above-mentioned issues will be analysed on the basis of a case study of Pabianice, a post-industrial town in the province of Lodz. The aim of this study is to examine the social participation initiatives implemented during the preparation of the Regeneration Programme for Pabianice – to classify them and to compare them with models regarding the level of social involvement and power in the urban regeneration process described in the paper.
Sustainable development has now become an element that is deeply integrated in contemporary architectonic design and urban planning. With the development of a modern designer’s workshop, resilience, passive, ecological, plus energy or nZEB buildings and various smart city issues have to be included in line with more conventional analyses prepared during the design processes. Currently, we also face the emerging theme of the circular economy. This has a great impact, not just on the introduction of circular loops into the flow of building materials, but also on the design approach and management choices. Historic heritage buildings forming part of the building stock must be considered within this new theme. Most existing research deals either with new or modernised buildings, or with the re-use flows of various materials, actually often coming from historic buildings which have passed beyond the limits of repair. This paper shows a different approach to historic buildings where a design was prepared focusing on best choice cases and included a chain of several intertwining approaches, presented against the background of a Polish case study in Warsaw. The aim of this work is to propose a design management procedure to be used when dealing with historic buildings. It follows both the path of a circular economy and of heritage values, emphasising the need to maintain as much of the existing fabric as possible. This analysis is also based on various issues of site research and is followed by historic building case analysis.
A comprehensive piece of research on the tools and methods available for public participation in urban development was carried out as part of the U_CODE Urban Collective Design Environment H2020-ICT Project, the results of which are presented in this paper. Approximately 70 methods and a range of participation goals were identified by investigating the publications of 20 cities and participation networks in Germany plus a number of online participation platforms. In the descriptions a general distinction was made between the level of involvement and the objective of participation. For most of the goals on informational or cooperation level, several (especially offline) tools were found to be available. For more ambitious objectives, e.g. massive co-design, no appropriate tools are currently market-ready, yet several research and development projects are targeting the development and testing of such means. The strong development of more complex methods and tools can be expected within the next few years. Often these instruments are designed in cooperation with urban authorities, however their broad application in German municipalities may take a couple of years yet.
Gentrification is no-longer, if it ever was, a small scale process of urban transformation. Gentrification globally is more often practised as large scale urban redevelopment. It is state-led or state-induced. The results are clear – the displacement and disenfranchisement of low income groups in favour of wealthier in-movers. So, why has gentrification come to dominate policy making worldwide and what can be done about it?