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Comparison Between Measurements and WRF Numerical Simulation of Global Solar Irradiation in Romania

Abstract

The paper presents a comparative analysis between the surface global irradiation measured for Romania and the predicted irradiation obtained by numerical simulation. The measured data came from the Romanian National meteorological Administration. Based on a preliminary analysis that took into account several criteria among which, performance, cost, popularity and meteorological and satellite data accessibility we concluded that a combination GFS-WRF(NMM) or GFS-WRF(ARW) is most suitable for short term global solar irradiation forecasting in order to assess the performance of the photovoltaic power stations (Badescu and Dumitrescu, 2012, [1], Martin et al., 2011, [2]).

Open access
Fractal Analysis on Morphology of Laser Irradiated Vanadium Surfaces Under Different Ambient

Abstract

Pulsed laser irradiated vanadium surface morphology under different ambient has been prepared and characterized using fractal dimension analysis method on scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images. In presence of different ambient, self-periodic and self-similar surface patterns (e.g. dots, islands, and pins) were grown and appeared in different shapes. The fractal dimension (FD) of this developed vanadium nanostructure was calculated by fractal box count method (FBM). The calculated fractal dimension (FD, Df) shows dependence on the different type on ambient and the number of laser shots.

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Improving The Accuracy of the Empirical Clear Sky Solar Irradiance Models

Abstract

This paper is focused on improving the quality of nowcasting solar irradiance by enhancing the clear sky component of the model. A simple linear correction for the average atmospheric transmittance is proposed. The correction is based on the most recent measurements recorded prior the forecasting moment. The proposed procedure was tested against data measured on the Solar Platform of the West University of Timisoara. Overall results demonstrates a notable improvement in the clear sky model accuracy.

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Intercomparison of Radon in Soil Instruments at Reference Site in Czech Republic

Abstract

Intercomparison exercises of radon instruments play an important part when it comes to domestic survey as well as international or national mapping in dwellings, soil or water. Therefore, it is of prime interest to improve and standardize technical methods of measurement and also to verify quality assurance through comparison between different instruments and techniques. In the present paper is described the latest intercomparison exercise performed between the Laboratory of Environmental Radioactivity (hereafter called LER) of our department and other 15 different teams around Europe. The test has been held at two radon reference sites located 60 km SW of Prague, Czech Republic.

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Neural Flows in Hopfield Network Approach

Abstract

In most of the applications involving neural networks, the main problem consists in finding an optimal procedure to reduce the real neuron to simpler models which still express the biological complexity but allow highlighting the main characteristics of the system. We effectively investigate a simple reduction procedure which leads from complex models of Hodgkin-Huxley type to very convenient binary models of Hopfield type. The reduction will allow to describe the neuron interconnections in a quite large network and to obtain information concerning its symmetry and stability. Both cases, on homogeneous voltage across the membrane and inhomogeneous voltage along the axon will be tackled out. Few numerical simulations of the neural flow based on the cable-equation will be also presented.

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Non Contact Vibration Measurements on Parabolic Surface Antenna

Abstract

In this paper it is present a non contact method for 3D measurements on parabolic surface antenna. In order to obtain modal parameters and modal shapes of a parabolic surface antenna a Microflown USP (Ultimate Sound Probe) is used. Microflown sensors are close to antenna and can be used for the non contact measurement of the normal component of the structural velocity.

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On The Information-Theoretical Entropy for Some Quantum Oscillators

Abstract

The information-theoretical entropy, also called the “classical” entropy, was introduced by Wehrl in terms of the Glauber coherent states (CSs) | z > , i.e. the CSs corresponding to the one-dimensional harmonic oscillator (HO-1D). In the present paper, we have focused our attention on the examination of the information-theoretical entropy, i.e. the Wehrl entropy, for both the pure and the mixed (thermal) states of some quantum oscillators.

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Problems in Teaching Physics at Technical Universities

Abstract

The paper deals with the problem of decreasing level of knowledge of university students due to the changes of the school system in Slovakia. As the commonly repeated words connected with education in 21st.century are key competencies, we tried to look at the problems and challenges in teaching physics from this point of view. The role of classical experiments in our computerized world is also discussed.

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Annals of West University of Timisoara - Physics
The Journal of West University of Timisoara
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Bending Of Adsorbed FCN And FNC Molecules Induced By The Renner-Teller Effect

Abstract

It is shown that the bending of FCN and FNC molecules adsorbed on Si (100) - (2 × 1) surface, is due to the Renner-Teller effect induced by the orbital charge transfers by adsorption. From ab initio calculations of free FCN and FNC and the molecules adsorbed on the model Si9H12 cluster, the orbital charge transfers to and from the molecules were calculated, the vibronic coupling constants were estimated, and the curvature K of the adiabatic potentials for the bending coordinate of adsorbed molecules was evaluated. Calculations show that for both side-on adsorbed species, as well as for end-on adsorbed FNC molecule K<0 that leads to their bending. For the end-on adsorbed FCN K>0, and this molecule remains linear

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