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The Forms of Social Engagement of Polish Firms

Abstract

The development of the idea of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) depends mainly on the changes in international market and growing competition between countries and enterprises. These factors influence on the behavior of enterprises. This means that the goal of business action is not only profit-making but also fulfilling social needs. The goal of this paper is to present and assess social in Poland. Starting with the concept and scope of CSR, the article presents benefits from responsible business activity and implementation of this idea in Poland.

The research carried out in 2012 shows that the main implementers of CSR are large firms with foreign capital. They know the idea of CSR from the experience of Western firms. The main objective is their image and to build better relations with their environment. On this background the article shows the ranking of companies participating in “Leader of Philanthropy” competition. It allowed to choose four firms as an example of good practices in social engagement. Social activity of chosen firms was addressed to:

  • employees,
  • children,
  • local community,
  • the sick, the disabled and the poor,
  • animals.

The contacted research proves that social engagement of Polish firms is at the early stage of development. The number of firms increase, but there are mainly large companies. The main reason that the small business share in social engagement results from the limited amount of financial resources at their disposal.

Open access
Informative Aspects of Innovation Implementation within Organisations

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyse the informative aspects of implementing innovations within contemporary formal organisations, in particular, in enterprises. The paper concerns the information quality and its influence on the process of innovation implementation. Today, in conditions of the dynamic development of the scientific and technological knowledge, the question is no longer if there is a need to imply innovation but how to do it efficiently. Within the process of innovation implementation, the organisation’s management selects the appropriate ideas, makes the decision and takes the action to implement a new or a significantly improved solution. In this paper, the factors interrelated with the process of innovation implementation were analysed. The information asserts itself as a significant factor which influences the process. The neoinstitutional view on the information in organisations was a starting point for analysis. A conceptual framework of the information attributes, which influence the quality of the implementation of an innovation, was proposed. The applied research method is the secondary data analysis, which was based on the theoretical literature, as well as the empirical research results.

Open access
Jobcoaching – a Method of Age Management in an Organisation

Abstract

Population aging phenomenon, which takes place globally, forces organisations to change their approach to human resource management. An interest in humanistic approach to management issues, including human resource management, that has been recently popular among HR experts, became the starting point for the analysis presented in this paper. It seems that jobcoaching is closely connected with this notion, which is aimed at understanding and improving the lot of human in the world of organisation, especially when people have the possibility to be active on the labour market for a longer time. Similarly, as in case of the basic assumptions of the humanistic approach to management, jobcoaching puts to the fore the need to understand the personal experience of the members of the organisation. The purpose of this paper is to present the jobcoaching as a method of age management in organisations. The paper verifies a research hypothesis, that in systematically changing conditions of the organisation, the use of jobcoaching can improve the company’s operations, as well as it can be a starting point for changing the attitudes of employees and employers to the situation prevailing in the environment.

Open access
Kaizen as a Method of Management Improvement in Small Production Companies

Abstract

„Quality is not everything but everything is nothing without quality”. The famous quotation from K. Ishikawa brings to our attention the fact that nowadays quality is one of strategic concepts from the point of view of functioning of companies, especially production-oriented ones. The lack of quality often eliminates a product from the basket of potential further choices. That means that quality is a prerequisite in the contemporary, highly competitive and saturated market. In order to ensure quality, enterprises introduce various concepts and methods to support quality management. They include, among others, the kaizen philosophy, which allows to minimize unnecessary actions (losses). It is especially recommended to small firms as an inexpensive method assuring high quality of products because they are constantly improved, which, in turn, guarantees maintaining a high position among competitors. This article aims to introduce the concept of kaizen by describing how it works and considering whether it can be successful in Polish companies.

Open access
Management – from Epistemology by Methodology to Social Practice of Academia Cognitive Challenges in Management Science 2

Abstract

The aim of the article is to present cognitive challenges in the area of management. Researchers and reflective managers still work on the identity of management belonging to the social sciences. The paper depicts the connections between cognitive problems (from the epistemological point of view), management methodology and social practice. Management sciences are parts of historical discourse and because of that epistemological and methodological levels have an impact on social practice. The main concern of this paper is the role of the management scientist, consultant and teacher. The analysis suggests that academic teacher and researcher are social roles with a character that can be called universal. Practitioner is associated rather with pragmatic aspect of management science. Practitioners are often regarded as managers, but their roles in the organisation might as well be non-managerial.

Open access
Marketing and Logistics Management as an Innovative Direction of Management in the SMEs Sector

Abstract

Marketing and logistics management is now becoming an interesting concept for entrepreneurs, and thus perpetuates the belief that the skills of marketing and logistics of the company contributes to the improvement of the company’s competitive position in the market. The activity of businesses from the SME sector is based on a much more modest material resources than it is in large enterprises, thus building logistic and marketing advantages through innovation strategies is often the right direction of improving the competitiveness of the SME sector. The aim of the paper is to present the areas and potential use of new methods of management, with the application of integration of marketing management and logistics processes. Knowledge of the characteristics of both types of processes in the SME sector becomes necessary. Insufficient knowledge of marketing and logistics in SMEs, both in the field of logistics and marketing should be complemented by the development of educational offer by institutions of science.

Open access
The Need to Support Regional Entrepreneurship. The Evidence from Poland's Eastern Border Regions and the Region of Łódź

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors which have the greatest impact on the development of regional entrepreneurship in the border regions of Eastern Poland and in the Łódź region. An attempt was made to characterize these regions in terms of attractiveness and power of attracting development factors mainly due to the fact that in each of these regions entrepreneurs meet the specific micro- and macro-economic determinants.

Open access
Cooperation and Conflict the Nordic Way
Work, Welfare, and Institutional Change in Scandinavia
Open access
Competitive factors for microenterprises in the process of marketing and logistic management based on the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship
“Small business is not a little big business” [Welsh, White 1981, p. 25]

Abstract

Upon accession to the European Union, the SME sector in Poland found itself in a much more difficult situation than that of similar enterprises which had operated in the EU for years. New phenomena have occurred in this environment, including globalization, with not only its economic dimension, but also structural and functional ones, which comprehensively affects all fields of enterprises’ operations. Growth of competitiveness of SMEs, in particular of microenterprises, is a very interesting aspect and questions arise as to possible new methods of management which could help achieve this goal. This article presents the author's own research on SMEs in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship from the perspective of competitive factors in the management process. The factors of chief significance to growth and development are presented as exemplified by marketing and logistic management process in a microenterprise.

Open access
Developing innovative competencies in view of biographies of innovative managers

Abstract

The article presents fragments of the author's own research, which was conducted among innovative managers. A thesis is advanced, that competencies and innovative behaviors of managers are also sources of formation of team and organizational spirit that fosters creativity and innovation of employees. The study focused on the factors influencing the innovation competence. The author pays particular attention to the subjective conditioning as well as to the educational and organizational factors, emphasizing their importance. Based on the results of the research, the article also presents a silhouette of an innovative manager. The author also highlights the need to develop innovative competencies, both in the executive and general education.

Open access