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Aviation Crew Recovery Experiences on Outstations

Abstract

ACMI flight crews spend considerable time away from home on outstations. This study suggests that this long term stay carries its own considerations in regards to rest recovery with practical implications for Fatigue Risk Management as prescribed by ICAO. Four recovery experiences, Work Detachment, Control, Relaxation and Mastery, are identified and correlated with 28 crew behaviours on base. The results indicate improvement considerations for airline management organizing a long term contract with ACMI crews, in particular to increase schedule stability to improve the crew member’s sense of Control.

Open access
Determination of Space Debris Coordinates by Means of a Space Service Vehicle

Abstract

The problem of space debris utilization is quite relevant nowadays and has a global character. The space industry experts from all over the world are working on the task of removing space debris. This article proposes the method of determining space debris coordinates by means of the airborne equipment of a space service vehicle. The set of airborne equipment includes a global navigation satellite system receiver, an inertial navigation system and a laser radar. To study the accuracy characteristics of the proposed method under different initial conditions a series of simulations was performed. They showed that the accuracy of determining space debris coordinates becomes higher with the reduction of the distance between the debris and space service vehicle. Stringent requirements for the accuracy of determining the orientation of the coordinate frame of the space vehicle are essential for providing the accuracy characteristics of the method.

Open access
Development of the Mathematical Model of Integrated Management System for an Airline

Abstract

At the present stage of airline development the most effective way to increase safety is to introduce a systematic approach to the management of the organization. The creation of a single integrated management system including the combination of resources will make it possible to maintain the necessary level of quality of aviation services with safety as a key indicator. The article offers a model of such an integrated management system for medium level airlines.

Open access
Dynamic Model of Aircraft Landing

Abstract

This manuscript presents a research method that will be used in the development process of avionics equipment. A special device predicting braking and take-off distances will help pilots and provide a complex increase of flight safety and decrease of some types of charges.

Open access
Education as a Basic Element of Improving Professional Important Qualities of Aviation Technical Maintenance Personnel

Abstract

In this article the importance of professional qualities, competence and their increase, directly dependent on the training of aviation technical maintenance personnel and determination the level of flight safety is covered. This publication analyses necessary training and requirements for aviation technical personnel involved in aircraft maintenance, as well as the requirements for aviation training organizations, defined as per Part-147, for such personnel preparation and training.

Open access
Experimental Proof of the Characteristics of Short-Range FM Radar Converted Signal Spectrum for a Smooth Surface

Abstract

This paper presents a natural experiment of the spectral processing of 4.3 GHz Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave Radar (FMCWR) converted signal. The FMCWR antennas are fixed above a smooth reflective surface. The converted signal spectrum is theoretically calculated and compared with the experimental data.

Open access
Human-In-The-Loop Remote Piloted Aerial Systems in the Environmental Monitoring

Abstract

Paper is related to development of flying robot system. The main objective is to mingle the professional backgrounds in three research directions: development of the aerial vehicle and localization, development of the tele-interaction framework and control system, development of the image fusion system and photogrammetry. Block diagrams give brief description of the systems and sub-systems under the proposed environmental system. Structure of the monitoring UAV adapted for the hand launch given.

Open access
Minimax Decision for the Reliability of Aircraft Fleet With and Without Information Exchange

Abstract

The scientific article addresses the dependence of aircraft fleet safety on the human factor. The article demonstrates the significance of information exchange concerning the open fatigue cracks, which is necessary to bring a new type of aircraft into operation. The article provides numerical examples obtained by means of the Monte Carlo method and considers the dependences of failure probability on various factors.

Open access
Research on the Propagation of AE Signals in Helicopter Structural Components

Abstract

The paper contains results of experimental research carried out helicopter bench. In order to create an attenuation chart for AE signal amplitude in helicopter fuselage, a number of experiments were performed on the frame and stringers, inside the fuselage. Later helicopter test bench was used to develop defect localization methodology of helicopter structure fatigue damage technical diagnostics. Analysing helicopter structural defects for different helicopters types it is concluded that the joint elements of helicopter tail boom are still exposed to fatigue crack formation. AE method shows highly effective results predicting fracture of helicopter joint elements.

Open access