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E-Health: Legal and Security Challenges

Abstract

In accordance with the National Security Strategy of the Republic of Bulgaria, updated in 2018, the health of Bulgarian citizens is defined as a vital national interest. The analysis of the data on basic health-demographic indicators shows that our country is currently facing significant national security risks associated with a high level of total and premature mortality, high maternal and infant mortality, high level of disability and low life expectancy, as well as low indicators during the years of good health. The authors consider that improving the health of the nation is inextricably linked to the readiness of the national health system to respond and to provide adequate and continuous medical assistance of good quality. One of the major challenges for the contemporary globalized world is the rapid entering of information and communication technologies in healthcare. The article attempts to outline some of the legal and ethical issues that could arise when information and communication technologies are introduced into the healthcare system (e.g. the use of various applications for mobile devices, remote therapy and disease monitoring, etc.) from a point of view human rights doctrine and the protection of personal data.

Open access
The Economy of Romanian Naval Transports in the Period 1990 – 2000

Abstract

This article analyses the restructuring and evolution of the most important elements of naval infrastructure which laid the base of The Economy of the Romanian Naval Transports, during the transition period: 1990 – 2000.

Also, this article attempts to determine the total value of assets on the main components of the system infrastructure, following the next issues:

• Ways of Communication on the Water;

• River and Sea Ports;

• Naval Industry;

• National Merchant Fleet-river, maritime and oceanic fishing fleet.

We mention that this article is the latest in a series of four articles that analyses, in a unitary conception, the formation and evolution of the main elements of the Naval Transportation System of the last century, at the level of four reference periods: the pre-war period (1900-1914); the interwar period (1919-1939); socialist period (1950-1990) and transition period (1990-2000).

Open access
Empirical Research on Corporate Social Responsibility and its Management

Abstract

In the context of a modern economy, maximizing the value of economic entities cannot be achieved only through basic activities. The fulfillment of this strategic objective implies the conduct of other types of activities bearing a social impact, brought together under the concept of corporate social responsibility. In this context, the authors intend to empirically investigate the social responsibility, both in terms of concept, evolution, and management, at the level of the economic entities and to argue the necessity of extending it at a microeconomic level for a sustainable development.

Open access
Enhancements to Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) Method, Aiming to Improve Risk Management in the Knowledge-Based Organizations

Abstract

This paper presents the current state of risk management in the knowledge-based organisations and the importance of a preventive approach, with emphasis on the aerospace and defence industry, as well as gives detailed information on the Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) method, in its current known state. In order to generate enhancements to the Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) method, the strong and weak points are analysed and specific solutions are proposed for the weak points, such as occurrence scoring, with the goal of enhancing the Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) method and, in general, of improving risk management in the knowledge-based organizations. In conclusion, the paper evaluates the improvements generated by the proposed solutions, compared to the current known method, in order to establish the value added by the enhancements.

Open access
The Environmental Management System within the Competence of the Army of the Czech Republic

Abstract

The article deals with the implementation of an ecologically oriented tool in the form of an Environmental Management System in the conditions of the Army of the Czech Republic. Generally, through the system, better results in the field of environmental care are achieved. The article provides the bases for the implementation of the ecological system in relation to the legislative and legal standards, which are obligatory in compliance with environmental protection principles within the legal order of the Czech Republic. As a result of the research, the benefits of the environmental system for the Army, interconnected with the civilian sector, are presented. Emphasis is placed on the attributes of sustainable development that are essential for preserving the lives of future generations.

Open access
European Armed Forces Where to?

Abstract

The permanent structured cooperation in the security and defence policy has been introduced through the Lisbon Treaty. It considered an opportunity for countries that are members of the EU to cooperate more tightly in the security and defence domain. This permanent state of cooperation in the defence domain will allow the member countries that are willing and able to develop common defence capabilities to invest in common projects and improve the contribution and operational availability of their armed forces.

Open access
The Evolution of the Romanian Traditional Garment in Făgăraş Land in the First Decades after the Great Union of 1918

Abstract

In 1910 ASTRA, the Transylvanian Association for Romanian Literature and Culture initiated a campaign to photograph the traditional clothing of Făgăraș Land. A comparison between the outcome from the campaign that started in 1910 (owned by the Făgăraș LandMuseum“Valer Literat”) and the photographs taken in the 1930s in the communities of Făgăraș villages (kept in the same museum) shows modifications to the traditional clothing in the period following the Great Union. Causes for the changes include the economic evolution of the area, gradual reduction in hemp cultivation and the diversification of textiles on offer in fairs, a gradual rise in awareness of fashion in the female population, and last but not least, ASTRA’s influence. It encouraged, through its women’s organisations, the spread and adoption of the Sălişte costume, as an expression of national unity. The comparison between the two sets of photographs highlights a tendency to simplify the outfit, namely to remove the heavy and uncomfortable items and to partially replace fabrics woven at home with industrial fabrics. From a chromatic point of view, this tendency to simplify the garment is accompanied by a narrowing of the colour register..

Open access
Experimental Research on Textile and Non-Textile Materials with Applications to Ensure Electromagnetic and Bio-Electromagnetic Compatibility

Abstract

The paper presents a synthesis of the research performed on the electromagnetic properties and characterization of textile and non-textile materials with applications in shielding and protection from the electromagnetic field. The composite structures of functional textiles intended for protective clothing or general applications for electromagnetic immunity are presented and characterized. There are analyzed composite textiles with amorphous, ferrous or non-ferromagnetic metallic threads manufactured by means of woven and knitting classical technologies as well as materials using non-metallic, electrically conductive powders. The properties of the plain jersey, rib jersey, full and half cardigan fabric, Milano rib, are presented, too. Besides textiles, there are also characterized some composite and non-composite structures using metallic yarns and carbon powder. Another direction of interest relates to the use of textile materials with amorphous metal structure with the scope of achieving a more efficient protection to the electromagnetic fields used in cellular systems and Wi-Fi networks. In addition, a comparative analysis of the methods of characterization of composite structures is made.

Open access
Features of Human Resources Management in the Romanian Army, in the Context of N.A.T.O. and E.U. Integration

Abstract

According to its purpose, statute and powers well defined in the Constitution, the Romanian Army can defend only the interests of the Romanian nation which has defined, in time, its place and role in society. It is well known that the Military institution has represented a main component of the social and political life during our whole evolution of the Romanian State and the existence of the Romanian nation was always circumcised by its presence. The officer`s body and the hole army played a vital role in promoting the ideas of national interest, especially in the last one and a half century. To thisit is added the high value of the defense function and of the military institution, which played a special role in the risen credibility of the army throughout the civil society, considering all the threats that the Romanian nation and State had faced.

Open access
Financial Stability - Fundamental Pillar of Macroeconomic Balance and Stability

Abstract

The financial stability is a fundamental condition for ensuring and maintaining the balance and the stability at macroeconomic level. At the same time, ensuring the macroeconomic financial stability is a priority of the state’s economic security as well as of all the public authorities having responsibilities in the field of the macro-prudential regulation and supervision. In this context, our scientific approach aims at systematizing, deepening and developing this fundamental issue of the financial theory and practice.

Open access