The problem of adaptation of educational space of technical university to modern market requirements is considered. There are described the results of studying the requests of higher education applicants and their vision of the success of the study. The aim of the article is to build an architecture of an information system similar to that used by modern enterprises, which will provide a combination of scientific, design and educational activities of the academic community, taking into account market needs. The main scientific research methods are bibliographic analysis, comparative analysis, methods of analogies. The conceptual architecture of the Information Support of Design Innovation Activity of the Technical University system based on the construction of a unified scientific and educational information space is described. The main task of the university’s information space is to prepare students for activities of the real market. There are determined the necessity and limits of application of the modern access control system at the universities of Ukraine, in particular for the organization of independent work of students. There is offered the way to reach the 4th level of technological readiness of students ‘and teachers’ development. The construction of an ontological description of the subject area of a technical university, the development of the application of a grid model for the description of scientific and technical information, and the determination of the current technical status are defined as the basis of the system of setting tasks for project groups in the transition to project-oriented learning. The question of the appropriateness of using adaptive case management system as a basic concept of building electronic document management system is resolved. The use of the competence approach as a mechanism of stimulating technical creativity within the educational process and in the work of researchers from the University staff is considered.
The main objective of the paper was to propose and evaluate the performance of a regional approach to estimate CN values and to test the impact of different initial abstraction ratios. The curve number (CN) was analyzed for five Slovak and five Polish catchments situated in the Carpathian Mountains. The L-moment based method of Hosking and Wallis and the ANOVA test were combined to delineate the area in two homogenous regions of catchments with similar CN values. The optimization condition enabled the choice of the initial abstraction ratio, which provided the smallest discrepancy between the tabulated and estimated CNs and the antecedent runoff conditions. The homogeneity in the CN within the regions of four Slovak and four Polish catchments was revealed. Finally, the regional CN was proposed to be at the 50% quantile of the regional theoretical distribution function estimated from all the CNs in the region.
The approach is applied in a group of Slovak and Polish catchments with physiographic conditions representative for the Carpathian region. The main benefit of introducing a common regional CN is the opportunity to apply this procedure in catchments of similar soil-physiographic characteristics and to verify the existing tabulated CN. The paper could give rise to an alternative way of estimating the CN values in forested catchments and catchments with a lack of data or without observations.
This paper deals with the design of metamaterial (MTM) substrates to be used in electromagnetic devices. In particular, the approach has been considered for different investigations having the scope the realization of antennas on flexible substrates. The importance of the topic resides in the potential of conforming the antenna to/on desirable shapes. Flexibility is well exploitable either in advanced communication systems or in biomedical applications, just to mention some. The proposed MTM is made of metallic spherical inclusions of AISI52100, which are embedded in a polymer host. The paper aims to assess the feasibility of increasing the performance of a microstrip patch antenna, and to decrease its size by using the MTM substrate, which is able to locally control the permittivity of the substrate and to create electromagnetic band-gap regions outside of the patch.
The primary objective of this paper is to present a model of a process management system developed to support the restructuring of Polish enterprises of the hard coal mining industry. The development of this model required research in three stages using several research methods. The stage I of the research was oriented towards the recognition of the existing state of knowledge in the scope of previously developed models of process management in enterprises. At this stage, a method of reviewing the literature, the analysis and synthesis of the results of considerations, was used. The stage II was oriented towards presenting of the current state of knowledge in the field of process management to the managerial staff of mines in order to identify their needs, capabilities and preferences. The research were attended by 24 managers from PGG SA and JSW SA. At this stage, the method of targeted free-form interview and discussions, was used. The stage III of the research was oriented towards the development of a process management system model in enterprises operating in the hard coal mining industry, based on the scientific achievements to date in the field of process management and consensus on the needs, preferences and capabilities of mine managerial staff with regard to its specific elements. At this stage, the method of analysis and synthesis was used. The results of the research presented in this publication are primarily addressed to the managerial staff of polish hard mines, as they provide a synthesized response to the problem of the lack of consistent process management guidelines that could set a standard within a mining enterprise. The model presented in the publication is of a general nature, although it may provide a basis for the application of process management for mines.
Providing information on the impacts of climate change on hydrological processes is becoming ever more critical. Modelling and evaluating the expected changes of the water resources over different spatial and time scales can be useful in several fields, e.g. agriculture, forestry and water management. Previously a Budyko-type spatially distributed long-term climate-runoff model was developed for Hungary. This research includes the validation of the model using historical precipitation and streamflow measurements for three nested sub-catchments of the Zala River Basin (Hungary), an essential runoff contributing region to Lake Balaton (the largest shallow lake in Central Europe). The differences between the calculated (from water balance) and the estimated (by the model) mean annual evapotranspiration varied between 0.4% and 3.6% in the validation periods in the sub-catchments examined. Predictions of the main components of the water balance (evapotranspiration and runoff) for the Zala Basin are also presented in this study using precipitation and temperature results of 12 regional climate model simulations (A1B scenario) as input data. According to the projections, the mean annual temperature will be higher from period to period (2011–2040, 2041–2070, 2071–2100), while the change of the annual precipitation sum is not significant. The mean annual evapotranspiration rate is expected to increase slightly during the 21st century, while for runoff a substantial decrease can be anticipated which may exceed 40% by 2071–2100 relative to the reference period (1981–2010). As a result of this predicted reduction, the runoff from the Zala Basin may not be enough to balance the increased evaporation rate of Lake Balaton, transforming it into a closed lake without outflow.
The efficient human-machine interaction is an essential and current problem of computer science. The paper presents a gesture recognition method which applies optical flow calculation and an aggregation for obtaining a heatmap-like representation of the motion trajectories. After the overview of the image processing workflow, the paper introduces six symbols for providing some measurements. The described experiments show the robustness of the method against color, shape and time variance.
Threaded joints are the most technological for piling up in the fields. However, violations of standard threaded joints account for 70% of all complications in pipe processing and production. These malfunctions result in significant material losses, reduced well productivity, and contamination of the wells and environmental pollution. Particularly acute is the loss of these sealed joints during exploration and development of gas and gas condensate fields. The necessary increase in volumes and intensification of hydrocarbon energy production is envisaged by the increase of drilling depth, construction of slopes and horizontal wells. Horizontal drilling and fracturing are used to produce shale gas. The efficiency and safety of the operation of oil and gas wells in complex mining and technical conditions depend on the quality and reliability of casing and pumping columns, which requires the modernization of machinery and technology for the installation of wells. The most technological for column fitting in the fisheries sector is threaded joints. However, breach of standard threaded connections causes 70% of all complications with pump housings and columns. This leads to significant material losses, reduced production of raw materials, contamination of the interior and the environment. Therefore, the urgent task is to improve the threaded joints by increasing their reliability and efficiency under heavy workloads.
Measuring evaporation and transpiration at the field scale is complicated due to the heterogeneity of the environment, with point measurements requiring upscaling and field measurements such as eddy covariance measuring only the evapotranspiration. During the summer of 2014 an eddy covariance device was used to measure the evapotranspiration of a growing maize field at the HOAL catchment. The stable isotope technique and a Lagrangian near field theory (LNF) were then utilized to partition the evapotranspiration into evaporation and transpiration, using the concentration and isotopic ratio of water vapour within the canopy. The stable isotope estimates of the daily averages of the fraction of evapotranspiration (Ft) ranged from 43.0–88.5%, with an average value of 67.5%, while with the LNF method, Ft was found to range from 52.3–91.5% with an average value of 73.5%. Two different parameterizations for the turbulent statistics were used, with both giving similar R2 values, 0.65 and 0.63 for the Raupach and Leuning parameterizations, with the Raupach version performing slightly better. The stable isotope method demonstrated itself to be a more robust method, returning larger amounts of useable data, however this is limited by the requirement of much more additional data.
The theoretical research and substantiation of specialists compliance estimation with corporate requirements on the basis of international certification and determination of its role in the system of enterprise’ staff management are carried out in the article. The algorithm of the enterprise’ effect achievement of the preliminary international certification of the personnel involved in oil and gas wells drilling is offered. The relationship between the number of persons trained and certified by International Well Control Forum in Drilling Simulation Center of the Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas and the volume of drilling of oil and gas wells in Ukraine is analyzed. The task was accomplished by means of correlation and regression analysis. The results of the calculations allow us to make sufficiently plausible assumptions about the impact of training and certification on drilling volumes. It is established that the increase in the number of persons certified according to International Well Control Forum for one person will allow to expect the volume of drilling of oil and gas wells by 0.734 thousand metres per year.