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Economic Aspects of Reducing Low-Stack Emission in Poland

Abstract

The objective of the paper is to present the problem of low-stack emission in the economic and financial context. The paper presents the results of preliminary research based on literature review and environmental reports. After completing the selection of publications and data extraction, which could help to describe the issue raised, their analysis, comparison and generalization was conducted. The aspects presented may constitute a starting point in building a model of pricing the economic results of low-stack emission. In the first place the phenomenon of smog was subject to analysis, as one of the most significant consequences of low-stack emission, influencing health of human beings, environment and tangible assets. Then an attempt was made to express the previously identified results of low-stack emission in the economic and financial categories, taking into consideration the costs incurred for the purposes of completing the undertakings aimed at decreasing low-stack emission, costs avoided due to the decrease of the number of illnesses caused by low-stack emission, costs avoided due to the restriction of the negative influence of low-stack emission on the environment and on tangible assets as well as economic benefits achieved thanks to the reduction of low-stack emission.

Open access
The Effect of Lean Tools on the Safety Level in Manufacturing Organisations

Abstract

Lean Management is currently one of the best-known and is the most widely used management concepts in production enterprises. Lean creates such a culture of work in an organization that makes all participants in the organization interested in raising the level of quality, reducing costs and delivery time. However, there is no information about the influence of lean tools on the level of safety in production organizations. The paper presents the influence of five lean tools on the safety level by the example of metal manufacturing organization. The number of potentially dangerous situations and the number of accidents were taken as the measure of safety level. The obtained results indicates that the most important for the safety level is 5S, TPM while Kaizen, Poka-Yoka and VSM are smaller. The paper aims to broaden the knowledge about the dependence of the use of lean tools on the level of occupational safety.

Open access
Effective Ways of Content Creation in Disseminating Knowledge from Health and Safety Area

Abstract

In the era of a digital transformation of the manner of presenting and distributing content determined by activeness of Internet users, there is a necessity to identify optimum content creation. This aspect is analysed both in the dimension of information as well as marketing strategies. An important element then is to determine both technological as well as behavioural reasons that influence the form of the disseminated information. The paper will present marketing formats of content creation in the processes of disseminating knowledge on health and safety. In this light the Author will also analyse the effectiveness of particular types of content. Classification and characteristics of content will be presented in it as well. The research will be supported by selected tools of internet analytics so as to identify the types of content transfer carriers and the scale of their impact (such as, for example, Google Trends, Google Planner, Ubersuggest, Buzzsumo, Brand24 itp). The presentation will also include expert industry reports that indicate the extent to which in a general grasp the presented creations are applied to formulate interdependencies of applying the identified contents in the scope of the issues related to health and safety. Identifying potential division lines within the content category will allow to formulate a profiled methodology of their application within this specialist area.

Open access
The Energy Use Of Granulate And Pyrolysis Oil From Discarded Car Tires As A Method To Increase Ecological And Energy Safety

Abstract

On average, there are about 60 kg of rubber in a passenger car, about 67% of which are tires, about 20% of all kinds body seals, doors and windows, suspension elements amount to 5%, the rest are other elements related to the engine (seals, hoses, wires, pads, etc.). Rubber waste is too valuable resource to direct to landfills. The vast majority of recovery of used tires in Poland (over 70%) is carried out by burning tires with energy recovery. Tires in the form of granulate, mixed with coal dust, are burn in some combined heat and power plants. The paper presents results of experimental studies of possible use for energy purposes, granules and pyrolysis oil the resulting from discarded car tires for increasing ecological and energy safety. Energy properties of granulates and pyrolysis oil were investigated and the shape and size of granulate particles were analyzed. For this purpose, digital image processing (CAMSIZER device) and calorimeter were used. It was found that the products of tire recycling decommissioned from exploitationare the high-energy material with good calorific value. Based on the results of experimental studies, application conditions of rubber waste for energy purposes was formulated.

Open access
Environmental Management in the Context of Corporate Sustainability Concept

Abstract

The present age is marked by an unsustainable trends not only in the field of production but also in consumption, and concerns all levels of the community. At enterprise level, there is an effort to eliminate these negative trends by the application of several concepts in which environment and security are the essential parts. The paper focuses on environmental management as a significant part of the corporate sustainability concept and reports using of specific environmental tools to promote corporate sustainability. Apart from the tools, the paper also deals with motives that lead enterprises to focus on the environmental protection. The data were obtained through a questionnaire survey among Slovak manufacture enterprises. The focus of the research is transformed into several hypotheses. Several methods of inferential statistics (Interval estimate, Chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA, and Wilcoxon signed-rank test) were used to verify our hypotheses. In hypothesis testing we used .05 level of significance. Based on the descriptive statistics it is evident that 50% of the total number of enterprises (N = 336) use at least one of the environmental management tools. Their using depends on the origin of capital. The results also indicate the individual benefits of focusing on environmental management and underline their importance to the business world.

Open access
Environmental Safety as a Challenge for Management Practice in the Brewing Industry in the Era of Craft Beer Revolution

Abstract

The objective of the present paper is the analysis of the selected problems of environmental safety associated with the operation of craft breweries in the conditions of craft beer revolution. The study is the author’s considerations on the selected issues associated with the impact on the natural environment and its protection, based on the review of the literature and the analysis of experiences of the existing craft breweries.

Open access
Environmental Sustainable Waste Management for a City Multi-Floor Manufacturing Cluster

Abstract

A multi-floor manufacturing in residential districts of huge city promotes decongestion of urban traffic and satisfy the population’s demand for essential goods. City manufacturing and its supply chain entail several challenges related to the sustainable development of a large agglomeration. Environmental problems impose significant constraints on such manufacturing activities and production waste in the urban environment poses a real problem that needs to be addressed by special research. This paper discusses integrated sustainable production waste management for a city multi-floor manufacturing cluster, consisting of a group of production buildings and a supporting logistics node. In line with the theory of integrated sustainable waste management, three key components are addressed: waste management stakeholders, components of the waste management system, and the technical, environmental and legal aspects of a city multi-floor manufacturing cluster. The goal of the paper is to develop a concept for a model of environmental sustainable waste management in a city multi-floor manufacturing cluster, aimed at ensuring the system safety: human - technical facility - environment. This model can serve as a basis for the development of appropriate logistics chains for production waste management considering their hazardousness indicator. The versatility of the model will allow it to be widely used, and when its stages and working principles are embedded in the practice of city multi-floor manufacturing, proper control over the waste management process can be achieved. The application of the proposed model of integrated sustainable production waste management in the practice of the city multi-floor manufacturing clusters will contribute to the environmental sustainability of its operation.

Open access
The Ergonomic Assessment of Cycle Rickshaw Operators Using Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (Rula) Tool and Rapid Entire Body Assessment (Reba) Tool

Abstract

In India, the population of about eight lacks people who are engaged in riding cycle rickshaw as an occupation. It is an unorganized sector of India. A cycle rickshaw is a modified form of bicycle which is the cheapest mode of transportation for carrying passengers, luggage and goods. Many tasks connected with this occupation are associated with strenuous body postures, and some body movements typical for this job which, when combined with a heavy load, result in frequent work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs).Working postures were analyzed by means of Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) tool and Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) tool in order to determine the area of discomfort. The outcome of the research is beneficial for manufactures of cycle rickshaws and similar products well as users of such products, including cycle rickshaw operators. Some suggestions were given to have increase the comfort and safety level.

Open access
Ergonomic Evaluation of Working Position Using the Reba Method – Case Study

Abstract

Provision of professional work is very often associated with the worker's exposure to the occurrence of various types of threats. Some of the most important include those related to physical overload. Excessive strain on the musculoskeletal system can lead to muscle, ligament and tendon injuries. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the workplace in terms of its ergonomics. This paper presents the assessment of the load of the worker's movement system using the REBA method, which takes into account the location of: head with neck, torso, lower limb, as well as hands with the wrist, forearm and arm.

Open access
Evaluation Of Customer Service Quality And Security In Retail Network

Abstract

One of main purposes of every enterprise is to satisfy the buyer, therefore customer service is perceived as the capability or the ability of satisfying customers expectations and requirements. The present article was devoted to the issue of the quality assessment of customer service assuring the data security on the basis of pharmacies network case study of. The survey was based on prepared questionnaire forms analyzing the quality of the customer service on the basis of three areas. Results of the survey indicate that modern IT tools are very helpful, because they can provide data for analysis of numerous distribution individuals in the context of the quality of customer service in a very fast way.

Open access