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Memory, Fiction and Reality in Antonio Muñoz Molina’s Novels

Abstract

Often compared to Jorge Luis Borges or even to William Faulkner for the intricate and symbolic structure of his work, the Spanish writer Antonio Muñoz Molina always tried to evaluate within his novels the complex relationship between reality and fiction. The Spanish Rider (1991), one of his most exquisite creations also deals with the significance of memory as far as his protagonist’s evolution and decisions are concerned. Above all these, the novelist analyzes the influence of history on common people’s life and underlines the necessary balance that has to be established between the historical great events and everyday’s choices. His next novel, Full Moon (1997) uses the same aesthetic points of departure, but complicates everything with the details of a specific kind of psychological thriller, the author proving how the seemingly very simple structure of a crime story may turn into an unexpected evaluation of the tragic aspects definying contemporary human condition.

Open access
Minorities, Territoriality and Politics for Autonomy: An Analysis of Competing Ethnic Politics in Eastern Sri Lanka

Abstract

Regional politics play a decisive role in national politics when region poses ethnic groups in competing manner. Sri Lanka’s Eastern province has been a contested region in terms of ethnic and territorial integration as well as the integration of majority and minorities from the independence of the country, during civil war, and in the post-civil war era. This study explores the ethnic groups’ competition for political control and autonomy, as well as its impact in Eastern Sri Lanka. This study has employed both qualitative and quantitative data, collected mainly through secondary sources such as literary books, book chapters, journal articles, newspaper cuttings, and government documents, which are analyzed and presented through interpretive and descriptive manners. The study has found that the Eastern province has been a contested choice for the ethnic majority to extend their ethnic domination, and to implement ethno-centric development-cum settlement policies and programs, all of which are ultimately induced to change the ethnic composition of the region and pushed ethnic minorities to mobilize and demand for more decentralized power and autonomy in the region. The thirty-year prolonged civil war made the region not only a war-torn, but also let to undermining regional democratic principles, including minorities’ rights for autonomy. The study also reveals that the new emerging post-war political context at the provincial and national levels continues to undermine the minorities’ hopes for autonomy in the region. Nevertheless, the region has emerged as ‘role-model’ for ethnic cohesive politics.

Open access
Monitoring of Educational Programs for the Development of Professional Competencies by Procurement Specialists in Procurement Statistics

Abstract

Development of professional competence of the procurement specialists in procurement statistics is one of the research priorities in the supply of human resources for procurement. State priorities in the training of personnel ready for efficient professional activity in the ever changing environment are reflected in the content of educational programs. But the lack of uniform requirements for the training of managers, specialists and experts in the field of procurement gives rise to a huge number of problems. Digitalization of procurement, growth of e-commerce requires mandatory introduction of such a component as procurement statistics into the structure of professional competence of customers. But how to determine the necessary amount of knowledge, which statistical tools should be in possession of a graduate of the educational program - these and many other questions remain open. This paper presents the main approaches to the development of professional competencies of procurement specialists in maintaining statistical records of the procurement activities through educational programs based on monitoring of their efficiency.

Open access
Nationalism and Anti-Semitism in an Independent Romania

Abstract

The history of antisemitism in Romania is strictly connected to the religious and cultural framework of those territories, as well as to their political integration from the age of emancipation and independence to the establishment of a Greater Romania after World War I. This article aims to analyse the different intersections of this historical process and the continuity between the old forms of anti-judaism and their re-interpretation according to modernist dynamics during the first half of the Twentieth-Century. The Romanian case illustrates the transformation and re-adapting of old religious prejudice in new doctrines of xenophobia, nationalism and antisemitism.

Open access
„Notebook VII”, excerpt from „the story of my poor life”. Inedit writings of Ion D. Sîrbu

Abstract

„Ion D. Sirbu’s idea of memories dates back, according to his own testimony in 1979,when he decided that: „I will buy a tape recorder. I wish - because I have a special gift of oral storytelling, live speech of heart to heart confession – I wish [...] to „tell” (as in the park, pubs, cemetery) those memories that cannot be written because they were too lived!!”

In 1980-81, Ion D. Sîrbu bought a tape recorder MAJAK 203 and recorded on two ORWO tapes, of 360 m, some of the memories (childhood, adolescence and the early months of his student life in Sibiu). On June 7th, 1989, „urged by the ghosts of my insomnia, I open a new notebook and start - for the first time - to write the story of my poor life. I will not be concerned at all to be precise, the memory began to leave me, nor do I care about my life as reality but as a story: thought, dreamed, told dozens of times and, especially, lived. „

He wrote 75 pages, the latter probably before the end of the month, since, on 1st July, dictates to his wife a letter to David Prodan. The story line „breaks” the day he left for war.

This fragment (ms., Pp. 23-28) and the three letters, all unique, we have included in the volume: Ion D. Sirbu Latest ..., soon printed”. (Toma Velici)

Open access
On the Question of Inclusive Education in Higher School: Problems and Prospects

Abstract

The paper studies questions dealing with development of inclusive education in Russia at the current stage. The main approaches to the way inclusion is understood in the present-day post-Soviet space and its particularity as for the higher school are described. The essential and content-related characteristic of this term is discussed in detail. Comparative analysis of various approaches to the understanding of multi-dimensionality of inclusion as a pedagogical phenomenon has been performed. The review of scientific and academic literature by the Russian and foreign researchers who have touched on this range of problems is presented. The main focus areas of development in the process of understanding inclusive education are outlined. Key advantages of implementation of inclusion are systemized. An attempt is made to identify mechanisms that are able to ensure the equality of applicants to the higher-level educational institutions in full. The experience of using inclusive education in Russia is analyzed. With regard to this, main obligations and approaches of the state in relation to applicants and students having disabilities are considered, and conditions, principles and mechanisms of implementation of the current state policy as for the higher professional education are detailed. However, there remains a number of problematic points due to which not all advantages of inclusive education can be made use of to the full extent. The prevailing difficulties and possible ways of resolving them are also noted by the authors.

Open access
Parody and Pastiche of Satirical Romanian Press

Abstract

Satirical Romanian press use irony form with the purpose to transpose realities in acid writing and to reform the problems which exist in our society. This study presents one of the most known ways to express irony: intertextuality. Through a series of examples extracted from the satirical press we will try to observe the role that the parody and the pastiche – as important elements of the intertextuality – hold in the expression of irony, but also the impact that they have on the reader.

Open access
The Piano’s Sound Apperception in Havasi Balázs’s Compositions, with Some Remarks from Alfred Whitehead and Theodore Ziolkowski

Abstract

In a world full of suffering, the only thing that remains is music. Due to the present situation of the music in our lives and problems of the research in the field of philosophy of the music, it becomes a special priority for us to try to investigate the new sense of the contemporary music. The nature, the sensitive part of our feelings and the perceptions, have made possible the fact that music can be lived. For a deeply examination of the philosophy of Havasi’s symphonies, we should ask ourselves if the essence of the sound becomes a part of our ʽlived worldʼ and if establishes Heidegger’s ʻworldliness of the world’.

Meanwhile, it is an important priority for a philosopher to show how the tradition can be break, even in a phenomenological field of study. Culture helps us to understand the spiritual functions of the music in our lives. We will try to demonstrate in this article why the music of Havasi Balázs is a philosophy of the lived “given facts” and a direct “experience” for the world. He establishes a different classical-contemporary aesthetic in music and opens a field of research between the aesthetic category of the classic and lived perception. At last, but not least, Havasi remains the most romantic pianist from our times. Due to him, we can return sometimes to innocence and connect ourselves with the inner-lived world through sounds.

Open access
Politeness in the German Ethnosocium: The Diachronic Aspect

Abstract

The article is devoted to the consideration of the main characteristics of politeness as a sociocultural phenomenon based on the material of the German linguistic culture in a historical perspective; a general characteristic of codified and individual politeness is given. The dominant features of German politeness in the diachronic aspect are determined. The ambivalent attitude towards politeness in the German ethnic society was determined not only by the development of society, but also by foreign policy priorities in a specific historical period. Calls for politeness intensified in Germany at historical turning points and were aimed either at reminding the new, emerging social strata of the norms of behavior of the older generation, or with the goal of reporting on the virtues of the new social class. The paper concluded that German politeness throughout its development was marked by the confrontation of two directions - the desire for tactful, indirect politeness and commitment to critical ethics, advocating traditional German honesty and frankness. The juxtaposition of formal, external and internal politeness is consistently carried out in studies devoted to various aspects of politeness on the material of the German linguistic culture. The article presents the results of an associative experiment aimed at determining how the German language speakers understand politeness and allowed to establish the modification of the dominants of politeness and polite behavior in the modern German ethnic society.

Open access
Printmaking in Nigeria: Its Evolution and Developmental History

Abstract

Despite the prolific and ingenious productivity of the printmakers in Nigeria, the significance of their creative endeavours has not been given adequate attention by scholars of contemporary Nigerian arts. Scholarship on the printmakers has been limited to catalogues of art exhibitions, skimpy art reviews in magazines, and a few sketches on their biographies. This study therefore probes into the evolution of printmaking in Nigeria. This is with a view to obtaining its developmental history and enabling a more nuanced and useful understanding of the ways in which printmaking contributes to contemporary art praxis in Nigeria. Relying on field investigation, data were collected through in-depth interviews of printmakers, art critics, art historians and gallery owners, using oral or interactive formats; and collection of visual media sources. This study justifies the need for a developmental history; it identifies and examines the key actors who pioneered printmaking in Nigeria. It further appraises printmaking in Nigeria through the lens of relevant literature; and examines workshops, training, and techniques of printmaking in Nigeria.

Open access