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The Concept of Method of Detecting and Analyzing Construction Defects in Residential Buildings

Abstract

The authors developed the definition of construction defect and fault and construction defect management based on Polish and foreign publications. In order to assist identification of faults and their analysis in the process of home collection, the authors applied the Case Based Reasoning (CBR) method. In the paper, the authors used Case Based Reasoning (CBR) to support acceptance of apartments. The CBR method allows to determine the magnitude of global similarity for the problem under consideration between the new and old case from the Case Base, using weighted sums of local similarities using criteria weights as coefficients. As a result of CBR-based solutions, an Employer’s representative receives information about the type of construction defects that can be expected, their location and significance, occurrence frequency, and estimated repair cost.

Open access
Considerations Concerning the Necessity of Existence a Modern Military Information System in the Current Geopolitical and Geostrategic Context

Abstract

The latest military actions carried out at global level have highlighted, besides the number, the quality and diversity of the participants in the multinational operations and the differences, not at all negligible, regarding the capabilities of these actors to participate in military actions characterized by a high technical level and technologically, but not only. One of the areas that generated a real lack of standardization, with obvious impact on the operational compatibility of the various participants was that of communications and informatics and, implicitly, of the insurmountable differences between different information subsystems as parts of the information systems of the multinational operations. From this perspective, it became evident that the performance of each participant in the military actions of a multinational character was and we consider that it will be permanently conferred by their technical ability to cope with the information avalanche and to integrate into the information system of the mission.

Open access
Cryptocurrency – Sentiment Analysis in Social Media

Abstract

The paper proposes the exploration, identification and development of a Java solution for extracting the sentiment related to the cryptocurrencies phenomenon, from the content of the posts of certain popular social networks.

Detecting the positive, neutral or negative character of the sentiment is adopted as a relevant method of establishing the nature of the human perception on the topical issue defined by cryptocurrencies.

Open access
Customizable Patient-Specific Cutting Guide for High Tibial Osteotomy

Abstract

The paper is an interdisciplinary medical and engineering approach that aims to optimize the accuracy of the High Tibial Osteotomy surgical intervention. The axial deviations of the human inferior limb are presented in the first part of the paper. Without altering the shape of the bones, these deviations cause the wear of the knee’s articular cartilage by gonarthrosis. One of the most common and effective treatment modalities for eliminating axial deviations is High Tibial Osteotomy. Because the surgical procedure involves 3D spatial bone cutting, the accuracy of the procedure and thus the success of the operation and the recovery of the patient is dependent on the execution of these cuts. Within this paper, a specialized device is proposed that makes it possible to guide the surgical saw and to accurately perform the correction angles. In the last part of the paper, customization possibilities and fabrication of the main elements of the cutting device using Additive Manufacturing processes are presented.

Open access
Cyberattack — Examples of Threats

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to present selected threats that may affect the security of IT systems caused by cyberattacks coming from cyberspace, as well as to prescribe the results that could be caused by the failure to implement security measures to protect information system (IS).

Open access
Design an Improved Structure for 10-Bit Pipeline Analog to Digital Converter Based on 0.18µm CMOS Technology

Abstract

This paper proposed a novel structure of a 10-bit, 400MS/s pipelined analog to digital convertor using 0.18 µm TSMC technology. In this paper, two stages are used to converter design and a new method is proposed to increase the speed of the pipeline analog to digital convertor. For this purpose, the amplifier is not used at the first stage and the buffer is used for data transfer to the second stage, in the second stage an amplifier circuit with accurate gain of 8 that is open loop with a new structure was used to speed up, also the design is such that the first 4 bits are extracted simultaneously with sampling. On the other hand, in this structure, since in the first stage the information is not amplified and transferred to the second stage, the accuracy of the comparator circuit should be high, therefore a new structure is proposed to design a comparator circuit that can detect unwanted offsets and eliminate them without delay, and thus can detect the smallest differences in input voltage. The proposed analog to digital convertor was designed with a resolution of 10 bits and a speed of 400MS/s, with the total power consumption 74.3mW using power supply of 1.8v.

Open access
Design of a Human Knee Reeducation Mechanism

Abstract

To establish an exercise in open muscular chain rehabilitation (OMC), it is necessary to choose the type of kinematic chain of the mechanical / biomechanical system that constitutes the lower limbs in interaction with the robotic device. Indeed, it’s accepted in biomechanics that a rehabilitation exercise in OMC of the lower limb is performed with a fixed hip and a free foot. Based on these findings, a kinematic structure of a new machine, named Reeduc-Knee, is proposed, and a mechanical design is carried out. The contribution of this work is not limited to the mechanical design of the Reeduc-Knee system. Indeed, to define the minimum parameterizing defining the configuration of the device relative to an absolute reference, a geometric and kinematic study is presented.

Open access
Design of Combinational Logic Circuit Prober

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to design and implement a logic circuit prober to display truth tables of a three input combinational logic circuit. The truth table is to be as “1” and “0” on an ordinary 60 MHz oscilloscope. This paper meets this objective by using Lissajous Patterns to plot a “0” or a “1” on the oscilloscope screen. To plot a “0” on the oscilloscope screen, two sinusoidal signals in quadrature are supplied to the two inputs of the oscilloscope with the scope set to X-Y mode. To plot a “1” on the oscilloscope, only the signal to the Y input is allowed to reach the oscilloscope screen. To display all the 32 patterns required to obtain a three input truth table, two staircase waveforms are employed. The staircase waveforms, one eight-step and the other four-step, are added to the two sinusoidal signals to shift the patterns along the X and Y directions to produce all the 32 patterns.

Open access
Design Using Special Steel Sheet Profiles – Procedures Developed within the Framework of Grispe and Grispe Plus Projects

Abstract

New computational procedures developed within the framework of international research projects „Grispe” and „Grispe Plus” are briefly presented and characterised here. Considered algorithms pertain to the verification of bearing capacity and serviceability of selected bearing structure components erected with especially shaped thin-walled sheet metal panels. Structural components of this type are so far rather absent from the codes, and as a result the unequivocal design requirements have not been developed for them. Key problems related to the detailed analysis of the following element classes: steel decks with embossments, indentations and/or outwards stiffeners; liner trays; corrugated sheeting; curved profiles; cladding and roof profile assemblies; perforated and holed profiles; external interlocking planks and their assemblies are indicated in the text. The procedures formulated as a part of the projects indicated above have been delivered to CEN as an official proposal of amendments and/or additions submitted for introduction to the new generation of Eurocodes currently under preparation, and especially as an extension to the code EN 1993-1-3.

Open access
Detailed Model of a Common Rail Injector

Abstract

This work is about the validation of a Common Rail (CR) injector model. The model describes injector internal behavior in a detailed way, validation is done using dosage measurements and needle lift traces.

The model contains fluid dynamic, mechanic and electro-magnetic parts describing all important internal processes. To compare the modelling results against measurement data, three test cases were chosen on a medium duty test engine to represent a wide range of operation points. Dosage measurements were done by averaging the injected mass of 1500 injections, each measurement repeated three times. Needle displacement was measured using an injector equipped with a needle lift sensor in the same operating points. The results of the simulated injector and the measured values showed good conformity both in needle displacement and injected fuel mass, so the model can be a basis for further injector and combustion analyses.

Open access