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Open access

Carmen-Mihaela Niculescu

Abstract

The human being started as a self-educated person, this way managing to improve his living. For his descendants to avoid failures, he started to share his ancestors’ experience. When some people’s knowledge acquirement became big, they were called the sages, and among of them became eventually teachers, that took the role of transmitting the useful information related to life environmental conditions they lived. In time, their needs became more and more complex and their knowledge deeper. In the act of teaching itself, teachers create a shortcut between necessity and solving it, going beyond failures. Obviously, the present society is technologized, where the human being uses technology but he also searches for himself. This quest should be naturally performed with the help of the educator, of the experienced student, so that he could shape the young man and make him feel good with himself and find his place within society. The current education system describes to younger people nothing more than the evolution of science, technique and art, starting with the first trials till our days. What is really mandatory for us is to find a way where the educational system could become again a necessity for a person and not a way to keep very many people busy, while they can be intellectually and psycho-emotionally shaped.

Open access

Valentin Cosmin Blândul and Adela Bradea

Abstract

In the present days, education has a crucial role for development of contemporary society, because, in this way, it can perpetuate itself and can transmit, from a generation to the next one, the accumulated experience about humanity and reality. Considerate as a “Key-factor” for progress, the educational process from learning institutions can provide well-prepared labour work for all domains of activity and stimulate the intellectual curiosity, adapted capacity, creativity and innovation as well. Unfortunately, not every pupil (and their family) could understand the importance of formal education for their personal / professional development and for the progress of society. But from personal, social or economical reasons, many pupils prefer to leave the school before to graduate it with diploma. In the present study, we intend to analyze the pupils’ attitude regarding to formal education in connection with teaching / learning activity, inter-personal relationship with colleagues or professors, so on and also, we try to identify some solutions for helping pupils to remain in school until they graduate with diploma. The sample was composed by 500 pupils who study in secondary level from 5 schools from Bihor county, Romania. The instrument was represented by a questionnaire composed from 37 items and the period of research was during the present academic year (2011 / 2012). The results of our study prove that, if pupils would be more involved in taking decision at their school level, or in didactic process and if they get any economic support, are increasing the chance for them to stay in educational system and be able to invest personal effort and material resources in their life development.

Open access

Éva Brantmüller, Mónika Gyúró, Kitti Galgán and Annamária Pakai

Abstract

Twin birth is a relevant risk factor for postnatal depression (PND). The primary objective of our study is to reveal the prevalence of suspected cases of depression and to identify some background factors among mothers of twins. We applied convenience sampling method within a retrospective, quantitative study among mothers given birth to twins for six months, but, at least, three years. The participants completed the self-administered, modular questionnaire and the standard EPDS questionnaire anonymously. 35% of mothers of twins reached or exceeded the threshold value for depression following the first six months after delivery. No significant difference was found in the prevalence of the suspected cases among the primipara and multipara (p=1.000). At the same time, artificial conception proved to be a significant risk factor (p= 0.019). Distraught family life (p=0.001) and unfavorable changes in a domestic partnership (p=0.009) increased the prevalence of the suspected cases of depression significantly. The health visitor is the only person who knows the hierarchy of families with their weaknesses and strengths in the Hungarian primary health care; therefore, her role is unquestionable in the recognition of maternal mood disorders. The health visitor compares the scores of the EPDS questionnaire with the experiences during family visits, and with all of these facts, she refers the person in need to a specialist.

Open access

Aranka Mészáros and Ildikó Budavári-Takács

Abstract

The main focus of our research is to study, with the help of the dimensions of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (hereinafter: MBTI) the personality preferences of those leaders at the financial advisor company who are successful already. In the present study first we introduce the preferences of MBTI. Then we go on to define our hypothesis regarding the typical preferences of the leaders, focusing on the main leadership tasks of the company.

Open access

Petra Benedek

Abstract

Efficiency in the 1980’s, quality in the 1990’s, compliance in the 2010’s - private sector management techniques and mechanisms find their way to public services. This paper facilitates the understanding of how compliance management controls can improve operations and prevent or detect failure or wrongdoing. The last few years’ empirical research and benchmark studies demonstrate how organizations are confused about the use of compliance controls. In brief, better organized and integrated IT controls generally lead to better compliance all over the business.

Open access

Karmelita Pjanić and Jasna Hamzabegović

Abstract

In the era of information technology and general digitization of society, invasion of every kind of software is evident. No matter how laudable is the existence and development of educational software, taking into account its role, its quality and whether it achieves the desired goal is very important. In addition to programming experts it is necessary to include educational experts in certain fields when developing educational software. Those who should take an active part and be able to distinguish good from bad educational software are certainly teachers. Especially as they should be the most competent persons from which parents will seek the advice and opinion when searching for appropriate educational software.

Open access

Verónica C. Cala, Encarnación Soriano-Ayala and Antonio J. González

Abstract

Health education in Spanish schools is still considered as a controversial subject, which Educational laws and programs have always faced ambiguously. This report presents adolescents’ opinion about health education in their schools. In particular, which curricular and extracurricular aspects are being developed, and which strengths and problems related to health education they identify in their educational centers. Based on the situational analysis, we make a quick diagnosis of the state in which health education stands, in order to find a starting point for the improvement. We conducted 15 depth interviews with Romanian and Spanish students in 3 teaching centers of the South of Spain. The qualitative analysis of data was carried out using Atlas Ti, version 7. The results show that participants do not consider schools as the main source of health learning, while family, peers and technologies are seen as more significant agents. In secondary schools, most of the information related to health is received through outside educational programs, and it is seen as ineffective because they are partial, merely informative and not continuous over time. The main health problems in secondary schools identified were stress and bullying, and we may consider as relevant the existence of discrimination based on origin or precedence. Furthermore, participants provide an essentialized, stereotyped and inferior vision of health in other foreign continents (Africa) and religions (Islam). Adolescents portrays a School far from health, with a traditional health education model and a biomedical conception of health. This scenario suggest a need to bring back the Perugia School approach based on developing dialectical, praxiological and transcultural methodologies and where students could get involved and participate in their own health learning.

Open access

Bernadetta Kosewska

Abstract

This article covers an issue or the phenomenon of volunteering. The introduction is a recall of a definition of volunteering. Then it shows the distribution of voluntary activity in different countries of the European Union in order to look at some aspects of the phenomenon in the microscale of one country - Poland. It shows the percentage of involvement of Polish women and men in volunteering, their age, their motives to work for others. It makes the reader to think about an innovative definition of volunteering.

Open access

Philippe Remy

Abstract

With a specific focus on tutoring among future teachers this article proposes a model of self-regulated learning. The focus on different mechanisms inherent to the tutoring relationship will consider Affective impacts or motivation, Reflexive or metacognitive and Cognitive resolutions. The ARC combination proposes that personal skills will be gained and beneficial transfers into the class will be possible. This approach with a model considers explicit learning as a part of tutoring relationship successes. A prospective study on a short scale provides a few indicators in this direction and will be followed by a mentoring study. As private companies also present services in the shadow of the official educational system some recommendations will illustrate the tutoring original pedagogical relation with specific limits and the potential for new understanding.

Open access

Matthijs H. M. Hammer

Abstract

Since education became an important aspect of society, teachers have a prelove for highly talented students. Especially young talented people relish profound attention of universities, firms, music ensembles, sports societies and artist groups. In higher education, students are encouraged to develop their unique strong point, named as talents. Around the globe, universities, institutes of higher and professional education provide students with programs for talent development and exploitation. Practitioners and educators complain on a regular basis that students rarely aware of what their talents are. It is experienced as difficult to identify them. This paper explores the possibility for mechanisms to identify, or recognize, a talent. Scholars and consultants developed many instrument on the development and exploitation of talents. But how can talents be identified? In this paper the fuzzy front end of talent recognition will be fostered. It is advocated that the psychological cognitive prototyping principles can be applied to identify the prototype of a talent.