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Improved Prioritization Criteria for Road Infrastructure Projects


This report’s main aim is to propose a methodology for assessing state-budget-funded projects based on a rigorous selection model, including clear and effective prioritization criteria. This report first argues that project prioritization and selection should be optimized against four dimensions: absorption, impact, legitimacy, and capacity. Second, it provides a diagnostic of the National Program for Local Development (PNDL), managed by the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Administration (MRDPA), as the most significant source of state-budget funding for local infrastructure projects. The PNDL’s current design and implementation leaves room for improvement, as reflected by the lack of strategic direction in allocating funds and the continued rise in the number of projects that get started without a feasible timeline for their completion. Further, this report makes recommendations for improvement of project evaluation and selection procedures for local infrastructure development projects, with a special focus on prioritization criteria and viable funding sources for each type of investment. The practical purpose is to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of proposed investments, maximizing impact in the context of inherently limited available financial resources. A complementary focus is on opportunities for harmonizing and better coordinating investments across various sources of funding, in the context of nearly EUR 40 billion available to Romania from the EU for the 2014-2020 programming period.

Open access
The Influence of The Static Layout on The Stress and Deformation State for Concrete Arched Bridges with Upper Carriageway


Arch bridges were the first constructions with considerable spans built by man, due to the materials and technologies available at that time. Afterwards, these works of art have diversified and are now solutions used in countless situations, especially when crossing deep valleys.

Both their economic and architectonic aspects are hard to combat and have led to selecting this type of structure for more and more locations.

The paper will contain a brief presentation of some aspects regarding upper path concrete arch bridges composition and design methods. Also, it will have a case study regarding structural stresses over the different construction stages, and for several support hypotheses.

The case study will reflect the Crivadia viaduct, situated on DN 66, at km 150+672. The bridge has a main span of 59.20m and an overall height of 15.00m, serving a 7.80m wide carriageway and two 2.20m wide footways. It has a total length of 107.60m.

Based on the results of the case study, conclusions will be drawn regarding stress variation over the construction stages and under different support hypothesis, comparing these with the initial results.

Open access
Numerical Models used for The Calculation of The Cable-Stayed Bridge at Km 0+540 over Danube-Black Sea Canal


Cable-stayed bridges are complex structures and for their design, the traditional calculation methods are hard, even impossible to use for a global analysis. Separate analyses for the each component of the bridge in a simplified manner can be conducted, but in this case the concurrence of the elements into the structure is not taken into account, leading to errors in estimating the structural response. For these structures, the construction method and the presence of the stays, which are elements having a nonlinear behaviour, implies to consider a nonlinear staged analysis including the second order effects in order to transmit form one stage to the other the stress-strain state.

In the present time, thanks to the evolution and development of the calculation methods and computer analysis, cable-stayed bridges can be accurate analysed so that the obtained response is close to the behaviour of the structure during erection and later, in service.

The aim of this paper is to present the results obtained using one of the finite element models and nonlinear staged analysis of the bridge at km 0+540 over Danube-Black Sea Canal near Agigea. Inside the paper, results related to the evolution of stress-strain state in principal structural elements of the bridge - pylons, stays and deck - during the execution and in final stage, in service are to be presented.

Open access
Research Concerning The Distribution of Temperature in Asphalt Mixtures with The Help of Thermo-Physical Characteristics for Laboratory Tests


The characterization of the material through laboratory tests performed on asphalt mixtures offers significant performance predictions for asphalt pavements only when the material temperature is correctly taken into consideration. This paper presents an analytical pattern which, based on the thermo-physical characteristics, can predict correctly the distribution of temperatures in the mass of asphalt mixtures.

The paper also presents the organizational structure of laboratory testing, designed to validate the model for temperature determination. The temperature measurements are realized on a range of cylindrical samples at different moments in time, after submitting the sample from a low balance condition to a high balance condition by placing it in the environment precinct, according to the future test.

In conclusion, the paper aims at realizing and developing a model as a practical instrument able to offer a reliable assessment concerning the time required in order to reach the testing temperature specified for the samples of asphalt mixtures for different laboratory trials.

Open access
The Roller-Ground Dynamic Interaction in The Compaction Process Through Vibrations for Road Construction


The natural soil used in filling the embankment of the road communications is characterized by the following factors: humidity, porosity, toughness. For certain factor values that describe the soil state is distinguished a certain soil behavior under the influence of the external forces applied through static or dynamic mechanical means.

In this study are presented the numeric simulation results of the soil-compactor interaction based on the complex and nonlinear rheological model proposed by the author in the result of the elaborated doctorate thesis, that follows the real soil characteristics (elastic, dissipative and plastic) on those of the compaction equipment (with a single vibrating roll). The model was harmonised and granted in accordance with the results obtained from the processing of the experimental data. For the simulation model was used the specialized software package Matlab (Simulink, SimMechanics). The obtained results revealed the real behavior of the equipment and its action on the compacted soil.

Open access
“Warm Mix Asphalt’’ for Airport Use


“Warm Mix Asphalt” (WMA) is a technology developed to obtain an asphalt mixture at lower temperatures. The method has significant benefits for the economic and environmental area.

As known, “warm mix asphalt” uses additives in bitumen having the purpose to reduce the viscosity in order to decrease the mixing and compaction temperatures.

Hot mix asphalt used in the airport area, especially the area of taxiway and the apron must satisfy beside usual requirements for roads, some requirements related to fuel resistance and de-icing agents according to European norms.

Does warm mix asphalt for airport use meet the requirements according to European norms? This is the question from this paper which aims to determine the characteristics of asphalt mixtures for airports BBA16 when using or not using an additive, considering a series of laboratory tests: cyclic triaxial compression test, fatigue test, stiffness modulus test and resistances to fuels test.

Open access
Checking the low track lattice girder bridges for robustness


When you say about a thing or a being that they are robust, you imagine a complete entity from the point of view of its component parts giving out force and safety. The notion of robustness is associated with a lot of activity domains. Consequently, there are many definitions individualizing the robustness notion depending on the study domain.

The work aims to join in the present day studies with a new research in the bridge domain. The object of the study is represented by three low track steel lattice girder railway bridges.

In the article there is also presented the way the structural robustness notion is to be found in the national codes.

Open access
Concepts and new perspectives for long span bridges


A discussion of the dominant factors affecting the behaviour of long span cable supported bridges is the subject of this paper. The main issue is the evolution of properties and response of the bridge with the size of the structure, represented by the critical parameter of span length, showing how this affects the conceptual design. After a review of the present state of the art, perspectives for future developments are discussed.

Open access
Examining the need for a public procurement maturity model (PPMM) for infrastructure buyers in a monopsony market structure


This paper examines the need for a Public Procurement Maturity Model (PPMM) in organizations with the role of road infrastructure buyers under public procurement legislation in a monopsony market structure. The environment used to contextualize the information is Romania and CNADNR (Compania Națională de Autostrăzi și Drumuri Naționale din România).

The literature research, open data as well as my own practical experience are used as entry data for the four parts of the paper: (i) the context leading to the PPMM need identification, (ii) an overview of the existing public (procurement) maturity models; (iii) discussions and (iv) summary, limitations, and outlook.

The paper provides arguments of an upstream intervention in the value chain of road transport infrastructure and highlights the benefits of such an intervention. Elements such as Romanian cultural dimensions, type of market structure or impact of the outcomes of public procurement process for road infrastructure are considered relevant entry data for an intervention which aims to contribute to the improvement of performance at a procurement process level.

The results of this paper serve as a starting point for further reflection on the performance in road infrastructure public procurement area in Romania. In addition to the awareness of the need for an intervention at a contracting authority level, the paper arguments that market structure or national cultural dimensions must be considered as entry data in designing maturity models.

Open access
Influence of the interface conditions on flexible pavement structures life


This paper aims to establish the interface conditions influence on the flexible pavement structures life. The methodology consists in using the interface constitutive model available in the Alizé calculation program to calculate the stresses and strains in the flexible pavement structures.

The design criteria related to limiting fatigue cracking of asphalt layers and permanent deformations at the subgrade level from the road bed are used to estimate the flexible pavement structures lifetime.

When calculating the critical stresses and strains, most mechanical design methods of the flexible pavement structures considers that the road layers at interfaces are perfect bonded or total unbonded.

Proper modeling of the interface binding condition is an important aspect in understanding the real behaviour of in-service flexible pavement structures.

Open access