The need to quickly provide assistance to victims of accidents or seriously ill has created the need for the construction of helipads at selected hospitals. Their operation and the conditions of use are governed by regulation of the Ministry of Health on Hospital Emergency Ward (SOR) and rules required by the Civil Aviation Authority.
The direct vicinity of the helipads causes impact of landing and departing helicopters on buildings, people and hospital equipment as well as the construction of the airfield. This article presents vibroacoustic impact of helicopters on helipads’ measurement methods and the results of the preliminary measurements to estimate the impact of Helicopter Air Rescue (LPR) on adjacent buildings and surroundings.
The article presents the concept of a system based on 5G network and M2M communication increasing maritime safety. Generally, the focus was on presenting a proposal for a hierarchical, hybrid, cooperative system with M2M communication coordinated with BAN networks. The possible applications of M2M communication at sea were also presented.
In this review it is presented the insight of challenges faced by all branches of industry in the new age, and especially the maritime industry, strive for sustainable development, better energy control, use of materials with functional properties such as shape memory, all in the direction of increasing safety and comfort. Therefore, the development of new materials with shape memory, which is associated with the introduction of optimized production and the achievement of better functional properties. This leads to new applications in different systems and possible use on devices, which meet the rigorous requirements of the modern industry.
The research into new materials with shape memory effect and their applied use in maritime is a challenge that many researchers have encountered in recent decades, and this is why in this paper we look at the basic engineering aspect of these materials and their current as well as future applications in the maritime industry. An overview of several innovations that testify shape memory effect and superelasticity in different maritime fields will be presented in this review.
Mathematical models describing aerial spraying and the distribution of liquid droplets on a target were presented. Relationships based on “free models” with Gaussian distribution of droplet concentrations and “bound models” that account for the impact of disturbances in the velocity field behind agricultural aircraft were expanded, and the hybrid model too. The results of experimental studies were presented and compared with theoretical calculations. The “bound model” was found to be the most effective solution for describing the physical phenomena that accompany the aerial spraying process.
The main task of the Polish Border Guard is protection of the country’s border which requires utilization of multimedia surveillance systems automatically gathering, processing and sharing various data. The paper presents such a system developed for the Maritime Division of the Polish Border Guard within the STRADAR project and the problem of fusion of radar data in this system. The system, apart from providing communication means, gathers data from AIS, GPS and radar receivers: ARPA and SCANTER 2001. In the paper the concept of the radar data gathering in STRADAR system is provided with detailed presentation of radar servers, Radar INT modules and a reduplication (fusion) module and the proposition of the algorithm for radar data fusion.
This paper presents the results of analyses of the series resonance phenomenon in a system containing supercapacitors. The specific features of such components, especially the diffusion processes, cause their dynamic properties significantly differ from those of typical capacitors. In contrast to other authors work, the presented results were obtained during discharging of super-capacitors through periodically changing resistor. Such procedure corresponds to conditions when supercapacitors can be discharged by periodically changing loads. Analysis of resonance phenomena is a very important task; especially in power supply circuits, where supercapacitors often act as energy storage elements. The tests carried out for selected supercapacitors and frequencies range were verified practically using a specially prepared test system.
Monitoring of country maritime border is an important task of the Border Guard. This activity can be enhanced with the use of the technology enabling gathering information from distributed sources, processing of that information and its visualization. The paper presents the next stage of development of the STRADAR project (Streaming of real-time data transmission in distributed dispatching and teleinformation systems of the Border Guard), which is realized for the security and defence of the country. In the paper, storing, processing and visualization of the radar data, which is one of the tasks of the discussed scientific and research project, is described. Firstly, the general principle of radar data flow in the system was presented. Secondly, technical software description was described. Finally, radar data visualization functionality was presented.
The aim of the article is to show the changes taking place in the structures of logistical support of the Polish Navy, focusing on the changes in the way of supplying ships of the Polish Navy. In recent years, the Polish Navy has undergone many changes in the subject matter, starting from the liquidation of the Logistics of the Polish Navy and the Polish Navy Command, including the Management of Logistics Planning. The changes contributed to the centralization of Logistics, creating the Inspectorate for Armed Forces Support of the Republic of Poland, which focused on the main burden of tasks related to, among others, repairs, modernization and supply of ships. On the other hand, it extends the time of issuing opinions on, for example, the protocols for assessing the technical condition of military equipment (ME), which are the basis for the replacement, repair or further exploitation of the ME.
In this publication a Doctrine for the Conditional Extremization of the Hybrid-Optional Effectiveness Functions Entropy is discussed as a tool for the Reliability Assessments of Engineering Systems. Traditionally, most of the problems having been dealt with in this area relate with the probabilistic problem settings. Regularly, the optimal solutions are obtained through the probability extremizations. It is shown a possibility of the optimal solutions “derivation”, with the help of a model implementing a variational principle which takes into account objectively existing parameters and components of the Markovian process. The presence of an extremum of the objective state probability is observed and determined on the basis of the proposed Doctrine with taking into account the measure of uncertainty of the hybrid-optional effectiveness functions in the view of their entropy. Such approach resembles the well known Jaynes’ Entropy Maximum Principle from theoretical statistical physics adopted in subjective analysis of active systems as the subjective entropy maximum principle postulating the subjective entropy conditional optimization. The developed herewith Doctrine implies objective characteristics of the process rather than subjective individual’s preferences or choices, as well as the states probabilities maximums are being found without solving a system of ordinary linear differential equations of the first order by Erlang corresponding to the graph of the process. Conducted numerical simulation for the proposed mathematical models is illustrated with the plotted diagrams.