Colourful zigzags, arcade game motifs, geometric figures, pseudo-frames of windows and even infantile drawings of flora and fauna – those are just some of the visible symptoms of the aesthetical and urbanistic chaotic condition also known as Polish pasteloza. One of the most common readings is that the excuse of thermal insulation is being (ab)used in order to radically erase the urbanistic, cultural and political heritage of Polish People’s Republic (PPR) from the city landscape. On the other hand, inhabitants of ‘pastelized’ housing estates claim to be satisfied not only with the insulation but also with their role in decision-making processes. A sense of alienation from one’s home seems to have gone away, together with the centralized state administration, and it is being replaced by citizen participation. The possibility of vindication of pasteloza’s ‘crimes against aesthetics’ will be deliberated in this paper – in order to pave a path for more complex understanding of this phenomenon that could offer a solution for achieving a compromise between aesthetics and civic participation in post-transition processes.
The article discusses a project that features the relocation of the historic Atelier building, built by Krakow-based architect Wandalin Beringer (1839–1923) who was active in the early twentieth century, and the regeneration of a plot belonging to the Congregation of the Resurrection since 1885, which is located at 12 Łobzowska Street in Krakow. The method includes cutting the entire structure off at the foundation and then after reinforcing it with a steel structure transporting it in its entirety to the new location. The project included two possible variants of moving the building in a straight line, either by 21 or 59 metres and evaluates two projects of further regeneration, the adaptive reuse of the building as an exhibition and religious space as well as a proposal for the remodelling of the nearby plot that belongs to the Congregation into a space for meditation and as a recreational park. The aim of these measures is to prevent the demolition of this building, now over a century old, as a result of which a forgotten element of the cultural heritage of the city will be saved. This project was based on the results of analyses of the cultural and historical conditions of Krakow. The block of buildings in which the Atelier in question is located is a very attractive location, near to the very centre of Krakow, adjacent to residential, service and educational buildings. It is directly adjacent to the Monastery Complex of the Congregation of the Resurrection, listed as a heritage building under conservation protection (municipal registry of heritage buildings). In the second half of the twentieth century, the building was used as a workroom by artists such as Xawery Dunikowski and later by the sculptress Teodora Stasiak. The case of the Atelier may provide an inspiration for discussion as well as raising awareness among citizens and city authorities to avoid future situations in which cultural heritage may become forgotten or demolished.
As a starting point, this paper recognizes the key role of the notion of ‘revitalization’ in the development of the multi-sectoral approach to urban renewal in Poland over the last 15 years. Thus, while acknowledging the important limitations of revitalization programs to date, it aims not so much to reject or criticize the current model revitalization, but rather to ‘revitalize’ the notion of revitalization itself. Based both on interviews with engaged practitioners of revitalization in Poland and on a review of practices existing elsewhere, this paper seeks to infuse the Polish imaginary of revitalization with transformative policy agendas.
While the principle of public participation is an acknowledged requirement of planning in most Western countries there is continuing debate, and insufficient empirical evidence, on the effectiveness of public participation in practice. This research examines the power of public participation in local planning in Scotland. The paper first identifies the principal actors in the development planning process. The institutional framework for planning in Scotland is then explained to establish the legislative and procedural context for a case study analysis of conflict between developers and the local community in a village in the metropolitan green belt. Thirdly, using a combination of analysis of planning documents, interviews with local planners and developers, and a survey of village residents the empirical study provides detailed insight on the principles, practice, and problems for public participation in local planning. This is followed by a critique of recent government initiatives to enhance public engagement in planning. Finally, a number of conclusions are presented on the prospects for more effective public participation in planning. While the empirical focus of the research is on Scotland, the findings are of general relevance for the debate over the rhetoric and reality of public participation in Western society.
In der Wirtschaftsgeographie stieg in den letzten Jahren das Interesse an Fragen der Temporalität, wobei sowohl kurz- als auch längerfristige physische Interaktionskonstellationen in den Fokus rückten. Trotz der starken empirischen wie theoretischen Ausdifferenzierung physischer Kopräsenzen wurden zwei Aspekte bisher kaum ausreichend problematisiert: erstens das dichotome Verständnis physischer Kopräsenz (das sich auf die binäre Differenzierung von Abwesenheit und Anwesenheit reduziert) und zweitens die Konzeption virtueller Kopräsenz als eine defizitäre Version von Kommunikation (der das breite Spektrum sinnlicher Dimensionen von Face-to-face-Interaktionen fehlt). Zur Problematisierung dieser Aspekte von Kopräsenz reichern wir unsere geographische Argumentation mit Befunden aus benachbarten Disziplinen an und fokussieren die durch die Virtualisierung implizierten Veränderungen der Kommunikationskontexte. Hierbei stellen insbesondere die komplexen Verflechtungen von Offline- und Online-Interaktionen die etablierten geographischen Zugänge vor methodische und konzeptionelle Herausforderungen. Zur Bewältigung dieser Herausforderungen wird eine Erweiterung des zeitgeographischen Modells von Torsten Hägerstrand um eine virtuelle Dimension vorgeschlagen. Ziel unserer Erweiterung ist es, raumzeitliche Beschränkungen kollaborativer Prozesse sowohl in physischen als auch in virtuellen Kontexten sowie in (physisch-virtuellen) synthetischen Situationen empirisch erfassbar und vergleichbar zu machen. Unsere methodisch-konzeptionelle Erweiterung der Zeitgeographie illustrieren wir mit empirischen Vignetten kollaborativer Prozesse aus den Feldern Kunst (Musikproduktion im Studio) und Wissenschaft (Pharmaforschung im Labor).
This paper explores different functions of co-presence for collaborative knowledge creation in the context of seed accelerator programs. Seed accelerators offer programs of three to six months to enhance the growth of early-stage start-ups through various means of training and organizational development. In this paper, seed accelerator programs are analysed as orchestrated sequences of different types of physical co-presence. By drawing on qualitative case study data, the paper identifies eight different ways in which physical co-presence is used during seed accelerator programs. Through these eight types of co-presence, the analysis reveals that physical co-presence unfolds unique social dynamics that are utilized in a carefully designed combination of presence and absence. It is shown that physical co-presence is a means to enact relational distance and to bridge this distance for the benefit of the entrepreneurial process. Therefore, this paper adds a new perspective on how co-presence is used to facilitate the generation of value through collaborative knowledge creation.
Aufgrund von Globalisierungsprozessen in Zusammenhang mit zunehmender Individualisierung und Pluralisierung von Lebensstilen sowie flexibilisierten Arbeitswelten nimmt räumliche Mobilität zu. Dabei werden multilokale Lebensweisen, also Lebensführungen an mehreren Orten und über mehrere Orte hinweg, immer bedeutsamer. In diesem Beitrag werden erste Ergebnisse einer Analyse berufsbedingt multilokaler Lebensweisen in ländlichen Räumen vorgestellt. Ziel des Beitrages ist es, Herausforderungen und Potenziale multilokaler Lebensweisen für betriebliche und regionale Entwicklungen aufzuzeigen sowie damit zusammenhängende mögliche Handlungsfelder für die politisch-planerische und unternehmerische Praxis zu formulieren. Mithilfe von qualitativen Forschungsmethoden wurde eine Fallstudienanalyse im niedersächsischen Landkreis Diepholz durchgeführt. Der Beitrag diskutiert zunächst die Beweggründe und Umstände, die dazu führen, dass Beschäftigte an mehreren Orten leben (müssen). Danach wird die Gestaltung des Alltags- und Berufslebens der mehrörtig lebenden Personen in temporären, das heißt zeitweise bewohnten Räumen, erläutert. Des Weiteren wird gezeigt, welche betrieblichen und regionalen Rahmenbedingungen und Strukturen diese Lebensweisen beeinflussen und welche Bedeutung berufsbedingte Multilokalität für betriebliche und regionale Entwicklungen haben kann.
The objective of this paper is to understand how work processes and the quality of physical places support creative knowledge generation. The creation of knowledge is linked to both social space and physical place, and is influenced by steady socio-spatial dynamics. In workplaces, the space-time dynamics of knowledge creation coincide with the physical characteristics of place. On the basis of qualitative interviews with Design thinking workshop facilitators, as well as participants, the influence of three types of creative support (psychosocial, inspirational and functional) is linked to the elements of place, people and process in this specific innovation method. This paper discusses in which ways place, people and process contribute to creating a creativity-enhancing workspace and inspiring atmosphere in temporary spatial proximity. Eventisation of the innovation process, and interaction in temporary spatial proximity, are important prerequisites for keeping knowledge creation exciting.
In this research, the spatial video technology is applied to the collection of soccer-related graffiti locations in the city of Krakow, Poland. Krakow is predestined for this research due to the long and often violent rivalry between fan groups of the two major soccer teams, MKS Cracovia and Wisla Krakow. This form of rivalry is often expressed by the application of graffiti by fans from both clubs, which can be observed in large parts of the city. Graffiti locations were digitized from spatial videos, stored in a Geographic Information System (GIS), and subsequently analyzed to explore (1) the overall spatial pattern, (2) the existence of spatial hotspots, and (3) changes to a previously conducted survey of graffiti locations in 2016. As expected, results indicate that graffiti locations are statistically significantly clustered, with pro-Wisla graffiti mainly concentrating in the north, pro-Cracovia graffiti dominating the south, and pro-Hutnik graffiti mostly found in the east of Krakow. The overall spatial pattern of graffiti locations remained relatively unchanged between the 2016 and 2018 surveys. Besides scientific inquiry, this research provides city officials with important information regarding graffiti locations in Krakow for a broader and more in-depth understanding of their spatial patterns.
Walking as a transport mode is still often underrepresented in the overall transport system. Consequently, pedestrian mobility is usually not recorded statistically in the same manner as it is performed for motorised traffic which leads to an underestimation of its importance and positive effects on people and cities. However, the integration of walkability assessments is potentially a valuable complement in urban planning processes through considering important quantitative and qualitative aspects of walking in cities. Recent literature shows a variety of approaches involving discrepancies in the definition of walkability, the factors which contribute to it, and methods of assessing them. This paper provides a new understanding of the concept of walkability in the European context. Our approach relies on the extension of methodological competence in transportation, spatial planning and geography by linking new measurement methods for evaluating walkability. We propose an integrated approach to assessing walkability in a comprehensive methodology that combines existing qualitative and GIS-based methods with biosensor technologies and thus captures the perceptions and emotions of pedestrians. This results in an increased plausibility and relevance of the results of walkability analysis by considering the spatial environment and its effect on people.