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Abstract

In this article a new version of the ant colony optimisation algorithm with a desirability function for the triple matching problem is described. The problem is modelled by means of two 2-dimensional arrays. The new version of the ant algorithm was compared with the previous version of the ant algorithm and tested for different values of ant algorithm parameters; the results of these tests are presented and discussed.

Abstract

This paper summarises the indoor air quality of a sports hall built in the passive standard. The sanitary conditions within the object were measured and analysed to identify whether the standards were met and if the test object was safe for occupants. This paper summarises the indoor air quality of a sports hall built in the passive standard. The sanitary conditions within the object were measured and analysed to identify whether the standards were met and if the test object was safe for occupants. This paper summarises the indoor air quality of a sports hall built in the passive standard. The sanitary conditions within the object were measured and analysed to identify whether the standards were met and if the test object was safe for occupants. This paper summarises the indoor air quality of a sports hall built in the passive standard. The sanitary conditions within the object were measured and analysed to identify whether the standards were met and if the test object was safe for occupants. This paper summarises the indoor air quality of a sports hall built in the passive standard. The sanitary conditions within the object were measured and analysed to identify whether the standards were met and if the test object was safe for occupants.

This paper summarises the indoor air quality of a sports hall built in the passive standard. The sanitary conditions within the object were measured and analysed to identify whether the standards were met and if the test object was safe for occupants. This paper summarises the indoor air quality of a sports hall built in the passive standard. The sanitary conditions within the object were measured and analysed to identify whether the standards were met and if the test object was safe for occupants.

Abstract

The following article is intended to discuss the issues concerning the introduction of passive measures aimed at improving solar protection in multi-family buildings. A system of classifying these methods into two groups of solutions (architectural and material-building) was applied. The first group includes issues concerning facade design, the spatial features of which (such as loggias, balconies and other overhangs) can be treated as one of the solar protection methods. The authors’ own studies are presented and expressed in a sequence of formulas. The formulas enable assessment of the effectiveness of the above elements, depending on external conditions. As far as the second group is concerned, material-construction solutions for building facades and roofs are discussed. The solutions mentioned include solar-control glazing, spatial shading elements (such as venetian blinds, roller blinds), roof and façade vegetation, and the thermal mass of the building. The essence of the functioning of the analysed solutions in relation to the characteristic functional specificity of multi-family buildings is discussed. Problematic areas of application of the above methods are indicated. As shown in the study, problematic areas may include a group of utilitarian-operating, economic and aesthetic issues, in the case of which the use of passive solutions encounters limitations. In conclusion, the possibilities for alleviating these limitations are highlighted. The authors’ own solutions presented in the following paper can contribute to energy savings and may thus prove beneficial for environmental reasons, thereby serving the aims of sustainable development.

Abstract

This paper presents a review of modern modelling of porous materials such as metal-organic frameworks used in catalysis. The authors’ own research approach using the nano-design of metal-organic frameworks is included in this review.

Abstract

The paper investigates whether time and doses of powder activated carbon (PAC) effect adsorption rates of organic contaminants from water and proposes a new model of volume adsorption. Depending on the nature of the organic compounds present in water, a general description of the adsorption process may require a linear combination of adsorption models running at different rates and at different parameters of adsorption isotherms. The model showed a good fit with the measured data and could be used in designing adsorption units at water or wastewater treatment plants. The proposed set of model equations enables to predict the effects of PAC adsorption in both plug flow reactors and homogeneous reactors.

Abstract

The quest for sustainable development and biodiversity protection leads to the creation of a new generation of urban parks where man allows natural plant succession, soil regeneration, and rainwater infiltration. New urban nature parks are also places for the promotion of social contacts and physical activity. They can be regarded as health-affirming places. The common features of urban parks presented in this paper can be seen in modern eco-neighbourhoods in France. Public parks of this new generation are planned for the centres of new eco-neighborhoods. These parks are being constructed in the first stages of development. Similar commonalities have been observed for eco-neighbourhoods around the world. The paper presents three examples of good practices: three new parks of this new generation in the eco-neighbourhoods of Paris.

Abstract

This article presents two examples of contemporary private religious spaces against the background of the small-town architecture of the typical, largely unknown town of Szécsény, Hungary, using projects by the Hungarian architect Csanády Gábor Mátyás, DLA, as an example. It discusses the ideas that defined the adaptive reuse of a former school, located in an existing complex adjacent to a monastery of the Order of St. Francis, which was converted into a social care home, and a chapel in the architect’s own house.

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present an overview of protected areas in Polish seaside spa towns in order to preserve their nature value while focusing on the spatial order. Analyses were conducted considering the status of works on the Landscape Act concerning the interior of Polish spa towns and advantageous effects of that Act in the town space. This review paper presents protected areas based on the resources of the Central Register of Nature Conservation Forms (Centralny Rejestr Form Ochrony Przyrody CRFOP) available at the website of the General Directorate for Environmental Protection (Generalna Dyrekcja Ochrony Środowiska GDOŚ), which data may find multiple uses. The material for analyses is related to all the six Polish seaside spa towns (as for 01.2020). Polish seaside spa towns have many common natural characteristics. All of the six towns are located on the Baltic Sea, have sandy beaches and dunes and they are situated in the vicinity of protected areas. Frequently a green belt, typically a pine forest, separates the seaside zone from the town. Despite its very long seaside line Poland in 2019 has only six seaside spa towns (Kołobrzeg, Świnoujście, Sopot, Kamień Pomorski, Ustka, Dąbki).

Abstract

This paper presents a proposal for updating and expanding the teaching of technical university students concerning the subject of roofs. Through the analysis of Polish textbooks and teaching studies, a lack of information on retractable roofs was identified. As a consequence, a lecture was prepared to fill this gap and presented to students of the Faculty of Civil Engineering and to teaching staff of the Silesian University of Technology. The main components of the lecture are presented in this article. Furthermore, a discussion was undertaken to analyse the possibilities of incorporating new content (in the form of supplementary material) into the currently run courses as well as into optional classes such as student workshops and optional facultative courses.

Abstract

One of the modern methods of reducing vibrations of plates and beams is using piezoelectric materials in the form of distributed elements or patches (applied in a passive or an active system). However, for the multimodal response of a structure, there is no possibility to place the actuators in exactly the areas with maximum curvature values for each mode. Additionally, in the case of passive multimodal suppression systems – in which energy is needed to be supplied to the system – there is the necessity to create a complicated electrical circuit. The particular electrical shunts of the circuit are tuned to the specific vibration forms which require damping. The main objective of this article is to show the possibility of creating a multimodal vibration suppression system with typical resonant shunts and proposed second slightly modified.