Kingsley Okechukwu Dimuna and Abiodun Olukayode Olotuah
Residential and neighbourhood satisfaction are important indicators of housing quality and conditions which affect individual’s quality of life. This study which was conducted in 2018 evaluated the level of satisfaction in terms building features in six completed and occupied housing estates in Benin city, namely the federal owned estate at Ikpoba hill, and state owned housing estates located at Ugbowo, Oregbeni, Oluku, Evboriaria and Iyekogba. Data were collected from 1000 heads of households and analysed using descriptive statistical tools, categorical regression and factor analyses. The findings showed that the building features significantly affect the level of resident’s satisfaction. The RSI scores for the relatively old estates; EDPA, Ikpoba hill and Oregbeni and are on the dissatisfied region (RSI: 1.1-2.00) while for the relatively newer ones; Andrew Wilson and Oluku, the RSI scores are on the satisfied level (RSI=. 3.1-4.00) with building features features. The study recommends that the design for future low cost housing should consider the family sizes of average Nigerian family, kitchen design that make use of cooking gas, kerosene and outdoor kitchen possible. The paper concludes that the buildings should maintain an acceptable quality standard in terms of functional spaces, structural stability and aesthetics as this will result to resident's housing satisfaction.
Dare O. Omonijo, Michael C. Anyaegbunam, Chidozie B. Obiorah, Samuel N. C Nwagbo, Caleb A. Ayedun, Victoria Ajibola Adeleke, Elizabeth I. Olowookere, Jonathan A. Odukoya and Chioma Agubo
Although, studies have shown several cases of kidnapping in both developed and developing countries but the case of a developing country like Nigeria is seems to be pathetic and worrisome, largely because of its contributions to the ancient slave trade that greatly affected several Nigerians for many centuries in the past. With such awful experiences in the past and its contribution to backwardness of the human race, one would have thought that cases of kidnapping would never occur in Nigeria, but the reverse has been the case in the contemporary. Hence, several studies have emerged on the subject of kidnapping in recent times. However, it could be observed that these studies are strongly connected with rituals power, wealth and traditional purposes. While the nature of the Nigerian society which is characterised by injustice and its contributions to the menace of kidnapping has been hitherto neglected in academic literature. The present study intends to address this flaw in knowledge by addressing the three research questions raised. Being a review paper, the study engaged secondary data in collecting relevant information to analyse and illustrate questions raised. The study argues that if the current high level of injustice in Nigeria could be reduced, there may be a corresponding reduction in the cases of kidnapping.
The economic and financial effect of underground economy in all emerging countries is of tremendous concern. Sometimes due to the inputs of the sector to economic growth of nations, it is usually assumed that the government has nothing to lose, meanwhile it goes beyond the seemingly economic benefits, but provides an avenue whereby the government has to suffer financial losses through unavoidable and inherent tax evasions. This study evaluates the impact of shadow economy using the transaction approach and the MIMIC approach which helped to determine the size of the shadow economy as a percentage of GDP and the tax revenue losses suffered by the government for a period spanning from 1991 to 2018. Ordinary least squares method is used to examine the impact of tax revenue earned and lost on Nigeria’s GDP. The regression results indicate that tax revenue earned has a significant positive impact on economic growth, while the tax revenue loss has a significant negative influence on GDP. The study finds that underground economy activities do more harm to the government than good and is also detrimental to Nigeria’s economic progress. Therefore the suggestion among others is that the legal activities among them should be formalized and taxed while the unlawful ones should be exterminated.
The present study looks at how to structure an election or commercial advertising campaign in the online environment, the strategy it must follow in promoting it, without neglecting: the large or small frequency of interventions on social networks, the type of message, the target audience and the effects sought. All these stages are found in both business and online policy. In the election campaign, the most important goal is how we can turn into voices the likes received on the social network media. During the commercial advertising campaigns, the main goal is to achieve profit by strengthening the image of the brand. The success or failure of a campaign depends, to an overwhelming extent, on the way in which the message and image of the company or the politician / party has been seen on the online environment.
John Karkazis, Ioannis G. Vidakis, Georgios C. Baltos and Joseph N. Bayeh
This study focuses on the geopolitical situation in the wider East Mediterranean Region at the dawn of the 20th century, based on the analysis of a major infrastructure project, the Baghdad Railway. The process of its construction eventually led to the rivalry between “Politics” and “Economy”, towards increased relative gains for the superpowers of that period. The innovative side of the research extends to the hypothesis that modern economic crises are also related to power games similar to those prevailing almost a century ago. International Relations are linked with the Politics and Economy sectors, considering realistic lessons from the past in order to shape another better in terms of peace and stability future.
Those who are involved in developing language curriculum in The Arab World face usually a challenging barrier related to texts selection. They are still in need of clear and justifiable criteria that may help them select and organize texts. In this article, I review critically Hanada Taha’s Text Leveling System (HTLS), the first Arabic attempt that addresses this issue. Developed by Hanada Taha, the system provides a procedural framework which will help us in selecting and organizing Arabic texts.
The present paper is a concise comparison of the two doctrines of truth, Husserl’s and Heidegger’s, from the point of view of the identity and its implicates. The concept of identity also allows us to compare and to assess two different interpretations of Heidegger’s writings on the truth: Tugendhat’s and Gethmann’s. And, finally, the same concept of identity is that which does imply reification and in this way leads, essentially, to the self-suppressing of the thematization of the truth on a transcendental basis.
Currently, the issues on sustainability receive extremely high interest, especially from young generation. This makes universities as key participants in sustainable development as far as they provide wide possibilities for engagement in the process. Despite many studies devoted to universities as participants of sustainable development, there still is insufficient knowledge about their contribution to the process. Mostly, studies are qualitative and consider certain examples of good practices, which do not provide insights on common and different characteristics and trends of universities’ contribution to sustainable development. This is the result of the early stage of development of the reporting about universities’ sustainable efforts what limits possibilities to carry quantitative analysis. The paper aims, first, to search for characteristics of universities’ contribution to sustainable development and, second, to detect trends by using numerical secondary data worked up in UI GreenMetric World University Ranking. The paper focuses on universities from European Union. Special attention is devoted to countries’ economic development level as far as scientific literature suggests that the level of economic development may affect involvement in sustainable development. Research findings allows to indicate that there are both common and distinct characteristics across the cases from economically high and less developed countries what is significant for further policy-making and popularizing of sustainability idea across universities in the European Union. Universities continue to improve practices and search for new accents. However, universities’ intention to report about their sustainable efforts in long-term perspective for continuing data collection must be more active.
This study aims to highlight the problem of justice in Karl Marx’s vision from the perspective of the critique of capitalism. Although, there is a strong dialectic in the socio-political and philosophical debates among political thinkers (including Marxists) on the existence or non-existence of a theory of justice in Marxism, the exegesis of Marxist writings reveals two types of justice (“Justice through fair distribution and Justice through the dictatorship of the proletariat”). The first aspect the study proposes is to reinforce and argue for the existence of a Marxist theory of Justice, followed by a critical analysis of how this is reflected in both socialist and communist society.
The financial system in Albania is really fragile, mainly focused in banking system. This banking system faced a sharp rise in non-performing loans after 2009. The level of NPL-s has increased from 10.48% on 2009 to the pick of 23.49% on 2013. Then, it started the decline arriving to 13.23% on 2017. The focus of this study it is the determination of the main macroeconomic factors affecting the level of bad loans. We tested statistically the role of GDP growth, inflation, unemployment level, Money Aggregate M2, Exchange rate and interest rates for loans, in the level of NPL-s. The data were taken from World Bank and Bank of Albania database. The data were elaborated through statistical program E-views 10. We conducted a multiple regression and the macroeconomic factors explaining NPL-s resulted: the GDP growth, the monetary aggregate M2 and the interest of loan. This connection resulted negatively correlated with GDP growth which began to grow after 2013 arriving at 3.84% on 2017, and positively correlated with M2 which has experienced a slight increase in these years; and interest of loans which is still low in Albania, decreasing from 2001 and on. These macroeconomic factors should be taken in consideration by Albanian authorities when compiling their plans and strategies.