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Rural Gastronomy Events and Visitors’ Attitude

Abstract

This paper presents the events meant to promote Sibiu as a European Gastronomic Region. The collection of data from local public authorities and operators from traditional local gastronomy was carried out. The participation in three gastronomic events organized in the countryside allowed us to observe the number of locals involved in events, exhibitors and visitors. Local gastronomy products have also been identified. The sociological survey among 48 visitors allowed us to pinpoint the profile of people who participate in such events.

Open access
Study on Consumer Attitudes for Sheep Meat Consumption

Abstract

This paper presents data on sheep breeding in Romania and on a international level. The main objectives of the national breeding program will be presented. A study has been conducted to find out how consumers perceive buying sheep meat and their attitudes towards it. Strong effort is needed to promote the consumption of sheep meat, which will lead to the support of the sheep sector. It is necessary to form a strong consumer preference for sheep meat by communicating the positive (natural product) and durable characteristics of the product.

Open access
Study on the Varieties Influnce of Strawberries Productivity Grown in South of Teleorman County

Abstract

Strawberries, the single species in the orchards which appropriate in the same time at common culture in the field and in protected culture, is of great importance on the line of profitability.. We can expect that in the next years the requirements for strawberries fresh and preserved, fruit with an exceptional taste, will double or even triple.

For this reason, I noticed the strawberry culture in the field, at three varieties (Surprise des Halles, Red Gauntlet, Senga Sengana), into an favorable ecosystem for studied species and in various crop systems advantageous from economically point of view.

The objectives of the paper are to capitalize and promote the strawberry culture in the area where the observations were made, the south of Teleorman County.

Open access
Development of Research and Innovation Into the Diversity of Bioresources. Food Security Perspectives

Abstract

Doctrine, legislation and jurisprudence have importance in defining typologies of biodiversity bioresources. Matters of doctrine mainly concern to philosophy of life and the complexity of practical and theoretical hypostases in the current global geopolitical order. In a globalized world, with a society strained by social disorder, among the risks humanity, food supply has become a source of insecurity, in addition to the decline of the natural resources, leading to an intensification of problems at local, zonal, regional and/or global level. Multidimensionality of the concept of security includes demographic and food security, energy and the environment, not only military and political-military level. All these components also guarantee the sovereignty of any state. Food security is a complex and general problem of humanity that all countries are responsible for. FAO defines food security as "access of all people directly to the food they need" to meet their vital functions and lead a healthy and active life ". The responsibility of the present generation is to ensure the right to food for future population, through an efficient, fair and rational management of the Earth bioresources. They belong to the common heritage of mankind and to face the challenges of the safety and food security ahead, on long-term we need a bioethic, systematic and multidisciplinary approach for the right to adequate available and accessible food.

Open access
The Evaluation of the Bean Autochthonous Germoplasma in Korça Region

Abstract

Bean is one of the main legacy crops that play an important role in the planting structure of Korça region. Appreciating the bean as a rich food for man, the ancients have particularly been careful in the past to select and preserve the cultivars that have adapted to the ecological conditions of the country. This is evidenced by the large number of legumes planted or labeled according to the areas or villages where they have spread more. At present, this property poses a potential risk, the phenomenon of "genetic erosion". Farmers in the region use the zoned populations of beans. The study of these populations constitutes a necessity for the preservation of the autochthonous germoplasma of the beans as well as the competitive aspects and their spreading. The study revealed the germoplasma of autochthonous bean populations for the region of Korca.

Open access
Monitoring and Determination of Proper Intervention Time, Against Coodling Moth Through the Use of Sexual Feromons

Abstract

In the district of Korça, apple is one of the main fruit tree crops. It represents 70% of the total number of fruit trees. In recent years, this culture has taken a very wide range, with a large number of cultivars of tradition but also young people who are quite liked by the internal and external market. The new technologies that have begun to apply for apples are the most contemporary and consequently i’ts production has been growing year by year. In addition to that, in apple cultivation technology are been added also problems related to the management of pests and diseases, one of the most important and pest is the coodling moth which has caused and continues to cause considerable damage in the apple culture,causing damage to all seasonal production. Based on this fact, farmers take measures to protect against this pest, but in most cases the treatments are carried out empirically and without the proper effect against the pests. Therefore, by this experiment, some aspects of coodling moth will be studied both with the traditional (direct) method and with the contemporary method of using sexual pheromones for monitorin this pest with the aim of it’s integrated management, to increase the quantity and quality of apple production.

Open access
New Approach for Bio-Economic Integrated Management in Sheep Growth

Abstract

A rising of sheep flocks represents one of the economical procedure imposed to be solved every one year, in the generations’ succession, through a judicious organizing of a complex reproduction activity, of breeding, of exploiting, of improvement and economical analyzing. A consequence of unspecified disease of this specie is the morbidity and the losses, generated by the infringement breeding exploiting conditions, adding the parasitical diseases, especially these linked to the lawns. This work suggests to be a radiography of the actions connected to breeding and exploiting the sheep on family farm conditions. The scientific management of production process is supposed to know the results of the activiyies of the assembly factors, which influence in a positive or a negative way the economic efficiency level, regarding the irrational leading of all the actions made to obtain a maximum economic efficiency.

Open access
New Bio-Scientific Interpretations of the Eco-Economic Zootehnization of the Romanian Performing Agriculture

Abstract

It is known that in all Western European countries, during the 20th century was initiated, developed, applied and consolidated the bio-scientific principle of agriculture zootehnization, so this trend continues in the first two decades of the 21st century. Based of the official data of EUROSTAT, this article presents the concrete situation of the dynamics of the two main livestock productions, respectively milk and meat, using annual data, namely those published in 2016 and 2017. The authors use new bio-scientific arguments to analyze and interpret the concept of agriculture zootehnization, with unprecedented and documented ighlighting of polyvalent and synergistic aspects, between the effective zootechnical practice of the performing agriculture (on the one hand) and the bioeconomic management of animal husbandry (on the other hand). Thus, the authors report the fact that at 21 611 thousand head dairy cows in the EU (excluding the United Kingdom), is collected a production of 138 511 thousand tonnes milk, with a average milk production of 6 409.29 kg / head, of which in the milk industry (Table 3. with those 14 selected countries), the year is obtained, in thousand tons, 30 087 dairy products (milk for consumption, milk powder, butter and cheese). In the same sense, the authors present and analyze the dynamics of meat production from the farm livestock and they find that the annual values for carcass weight in thousands tons are for bovine 6,885, for pigs 22,522 and for sheep 423, which highlights a real zootechnical, genetic and bio-productive potential. We underline that in two synthesis tables, the authors present the numerical situation of the relations between the European Union and Romania, so in a professional way, through a new bio-scientific argument it is justifiably demonstrated that Romania needs to develop inter-, multi-and transdisciplinary and to apply a real country project for the Carpatho-Danubiano-Pontic autochthon space in its European context.

Open access
Research About the Behavior of Tomato Variety In Protected Culture

Abstract

In recent years, the cultivation of cherry tomatoes, mainly in greenhouses, solariums and in the field, has begun to occupy ever larger areas. As a result, the cultivated assortment is a specific one, which combines performant agroproductive features with decorative purpose. The decorative features are related to the shape, color and size of the fruit, the type of growth (erect or hanging), the size of the waist and the general appearance of the bushes, etc. thus resulting in an efficient productive activity where the useful is combined with the pleasant because the cherry tomato fruits are more tasty and much richer in nutritional and therapeutic principles, which recommends them in various states of metabolic and physiological disequilibrium of the human organism.

Open access
The Study of Manure Management in a Cattle Farm

Abstract

The manure deposits in the farm must not affect the environment by directly polluting the surface waters. In the studied location there are two stables for a bovine herd - 245 heads of dairy cattle and 105 heads of young cattle, a desk, sanitary filter, milking parlor (two 60 liter boilers each, two showers, three sanitary groups), a haystack, platform for storing solid waste. The lagoons for storing the manure were made from a special waterproofing material. They store the manure well in a natural environment, comply with the EC rules in force, according to the Code of Good Agricultural Practices for water protection against nitrate pollution from agricultural sources. The distribution manure on the land is made by using methods that reduce as much as possible ammonium emissions; the fertilizer must be incorporated as quickly as possible to reduce emissions.

Open access