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An Approach for Survey of the Sustainable Development at Regional Level: Case of Bulgaria

Abstract

Many national and EU strategies and documents put targets that will lead to a positive change for people and better life. For examples, the EU 2020 strategy assess the progress by indicators focused on employment, investment in research and development, education, energy efficient and risk of poverty. The system for monitoring of sustainable development in Bulgaria includes 56 indicators grouped in ten key areas such as socio-economic development, sustainable consumption and production, social inclusion, demographic changes, public health, sustainable transport, natural resources, global partnership and good governance. But at regional level, these sets of indicators are difficult to apply by many reasons. The aim of research was testing of an approach for survey of the sustainable development of a territorial unit. A complex index for assessment of sustainable development of territorial units was design by set of significant indicators, which evaluate socio-economic conditions for life and development in the territorial unit. The approach and the index were applied for survey of NUTS 3 level regions in Bulgaria, according the EU legislation, by using the last available official data of the National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria. Benefits of the approach using were summarized.

Open access
Approach on Increasing User Security Awareness

Abstract

Currently, social engineering attacks are increasingly sophisticated and the main factor that can influence the success of these techniques is the employee. Awareness of these types of attacks through permanent information sessions can be a good practice for any organization. In this work, besides the approach to the development of eLearning content accessible to employees, there are presented some methods and tools that can be used to avoid the theft of sensitive information or the infection of hosts on the network.

Open access
Approach to Combined Education and Training in Security and Defense

Abstract

The author presents the abstract idea of creating modularity in the subjects studied for acquiring educational degrees and the knowledge necessary for the improvement of the qualification, creating parallelism and complimentarily between the education and the training. The presented ideas exist in the system of higher education but they have not been applied so far in the improvement of qualification.

Open access
Aspects Regarding the Particularities of the Military Actions in the War of the Future

Abstract

The topic “the War of the Future” is and will always be a current issue of high relevance for both military staff and politicians. The war is a complex social phenomenon determined by many factors: political, economic, cultural, religious, technological, etc., which in the context of globalization suffer rapid and profound transformations. Due to changes in these factors, everything that is related to the armed forces is inevitably altered and here we refer to: dimensions, structures, training, equipment and weapons, doctrines, organizing, planning and the spatial and temporal magnitude of military actions and operations, their effects and, of course, consequences.

Open access
Attitudes to Gender Roles in Romania

Abstract

The paper analyses the attitude towards gender roles and their dynamics in Romania in the context of economic, social, political and cultural changes due to the transition from the traditional, modern to the postmodern society. In order to achieve this goal, we used the attitude measurement scale versus the gender roles used in two stages of the World Value Survey 2014, 2018.

Open access
Benefits for the Implementation of a Business Process Model Approach Inside Organizations

Abstract

Currently organizations have evolved with the development of global economy and transformed from national players into regional or international actors. Decision makers and governing functions have been put in the situation to identify new ways to support their strategy and sustain organizational management. One of the modalities to accomplish these objectives has been to implement a Business Process Model Approach inside the organizations. The document will detail and highlight the benefits for a legal entity once such an approach is put in practice

Open access
Can Social Media Addiction Influence the Consumers’ Loyalty for a Certain Brand or Product?

Abstract

The individuals and especially the young ones live in a certain online information and communication bubble. The aim of this paper is to present certain aspects related to social media, to the addiction of social media developed by young individuals that are becoming the main online consumers in today’s economy and to identify if a certain social media addiction can affect the consumers, the products that they buy and the brands that they acquire or use. The paper underlines the concept of brand loyalty; its main characteristics and we point out certain advantages and disadvantages in relation to social media and the addiction for the online environment.

Open access
Cancellation and Termination of Assignment Contract of Patrimonial Rights of the Author

Abstract

The present study offers the doctrine of the right of intellectual creation new perspectives on the study of the institution of termination of the assignment contract for the patrimonial rights resulting from the intellectual creation. We believe that the present study is rich in doctrinal contributions, formulating new theses and opening the prospect for new perspectives of scientific research. Last but not least, we appreciate that the proposals made in the present study contribute not only to the activity of opinionated in the field, but also to the work of practitioners and direct beneficiaries of the legal provisions on the assignment of patrimonial rights of authors.

Open access
Challenges Regarding the Implementation of MiFID II

Abstract

Despite the positive effects that MiFID II has had in increasing transparency and the individual investor protection, most recent studies outline the difficulties experienced in practice by the European investment firms when trying to comply with the European regulation. The most recent survey realized by CFA Institute point out to the fact that the European investment services industry has suffered, due to the introduction of the new regulation. The big players might be the only ones for which it seems to be worth remaining on the market, the small investment companies being downsized or eliminated completely. In this paper, we aim at discussing the challenges that the introduction of MiFID has brought for the Romanian investment firms, while comparing this situation with the general situation at the European level.

Open access
Chemical Warfare Agents Permeation Through Layered Adsorption Materials

Abstract

The adsorption of permeating chemical compounds on the textile materials active surface is one of many principles of personal protection against dangerous chemical compounds including chemical warfare agents. The adsorption principle is generally known. However, its effective application especially in connection with the enhancing protection efficacy follows certain significant rules. A development of new textile materials based on the application of adsorbents in the combination with nanofibrous materials is the main topic of contemporary research in this area. This contribution sums up the theoretical basis of adsorption-based protective efficacy and also brings new experimental results of sorption and permeation of live CWA agents and their simulants through different samples of layered composite materials. Results are related to the basic structural parameters of nanotextiles and applied adsorbents.

Open access