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The Influence of the 1918 Concordat on the Development of the Catholic Press in the Second Republic of Poland

Abstract

The aim of this thesis is to examine the influence of the 1918 Concordat on the development of the Catholic press through a comparative analysis of the Catholic press and the press as a whole published in 1918-1939. The data used come from the publication of the Central Statistical Office, industry statistical publications and publications of press researchers of that period.

The results of the analysis are the collected quantitative data of the Catholic press and the press as a whole for individual years, broken down into data sources. The results of the study provide an image confirming the thesis about the influence of the concordat on the development of the Catholic press of the Second Republic of Poland.

Open access
Instrumentality of Questions Asked as a Practical Competence Instructed by Schools and Mass Media

Abstract

The article presents difficulties in how to consciously construct questions in many ways. It seems to be essential in order to generate the need and willingness to get interested, delighted, fascinated and passionate. The author maintains that the competence of formulating right questions is useful in searching for inspiration and motivation, which results in creating new opportunities. It makes people aware of their mental resources and inspires them to search for more knowledge. A conclusion has been drawn that the contemporary people have been gradually losing the ability of asking questions. Therefore, in the modern world, as the author assures, wise men may be recognised by the questions they ask, and bright men by the replies.

Open access
Is Facebook Really Facing the Needs of its Current Users?

Abstract

In the fast changing world social media change even faster and the changes they undergo try to address the demands of their users. The process of addressing the requirements is as complex as the users in question and their approach to social media. This study tries to look at possible reasons for the downfall in the number of active users in the biggest numbers of Facebook users nowadays the age 11 – 34 population. As this group constitutes the biggest target for Facebook’s activity it is crucial to understand if and how their expectations change. The complexity of the tool versus other social media is considered together with the problem of addressing the needs of its users in the time of their transition from childhood to adulthood.

Open access
IT-Related Anglicisms in Die Welt and Der Spiegel: A Quantitative Distribution of Nouns, Verbs, and Adjectives

Abstract

The main aim of the study is to quantitatively scrutinize the borrowability of IT-related English words in Die Welt and Der Spiegel, as far as the proportion of nouns, verbs, and adjectives is concerned. The purpose of this study is to establish the most and the least frequently borrowed parts of speech and arrive at certain general tendencies governing the transfer of the most popular word class within the field of IT. The study covers an excerpt from authors’ research on IT-related anglicisms carried out in 2016, and may serve as a basis for further investigation, since the development of ICT will always necessitate new names for concepts. Therefore, it is by all means prudent and instructive to delve into the rationale behind the way anglicisms permeate into the German language. The study also constitutes a synchronic look at a given stage of the evolution of the German language.

Open access
Jakob Nielsen’s Heuristics in Selected Elements of Interface Design of Selected Blogs

Abstract

The authors describe issues related to the phenomenon of blogs as a channel of communication in relation to Polish blogosphere. The main hypothesis is assuming the pursuit of the Polish blogosphere for proper technological development. The methodology of the research is based on quantitative analysis of the occurrence of Jakob Nielsen’s heuristics, within the studied 50 randomly selected Polish blogs. The methodology is based on an analysis of the case aimed at confirming or denying the occurrence of the heuristics. As a result of the conducted research, the occurrence level of heuristics in the studied group was confirmed.

Open access
Media Monitoring as an Element of Strategic Business Management

Abstract

Analysis of information published in the media is an important tool. Information that is collected and properly aggregated contributes to the assessment of companies’ projects and allows to observe and to evaluate changes occurring in the environment. This article discusses benefits that companies can achieve through professional media monitoring and its products using a practical example. The article presents the company’s media findings scope for 2017-2018 and conclusions that can be drawn in the context of recommendations for long-term decisions.

Open access
Moral Neutrality of Religion in the Light of Conflicts and Violence in Mediatized World

Abstract

Although only seven percent of wars in human history were caused by explicit religious motives – as it is suggested by one estimate – religious beliefs affect human attitude to the world. Especially in the context of the rash of contemporary conflicts and terror attacks which have a stated connection to religious motives, it is important to try to understand the possible religious motivations of such antisocial and dangerous behaviors. There are several different research perspectives on this topic, but none of them by itself offers a sufficient explanation. The purpose of this essay is to show that religious components themselves can be interpreted as morally neutral, and that their supposed impact on behavioral patterns can, in fact, be attributed to non-religious factors. Religion is discussed as cultural phenomenon partially interacting with cognitive and adaptive patterns.

Open access
Phenomenon of Fake News

Abstract

Analysis of Fake News phenomena – mainly looking for an answer where are the Fake News sources and who is responsible for their effects - psycho and social aspects of fake news mechanism. Additionally, focusing on evolution of its definition and their taxonomy. At the end, fake news are analyzed as a 21st century biggest thread of new media and looked for the lasts trends in counteracting.

Open access
Pole and Ukrainian in the Service of Saving the Lemko Heritage by the Example of the Reinfuss and Tarnovych Journalistic Writings

Abstract

The paper introduces a biography of prominent scientific activists, journalists, ethnographers and writers Roman Reinfuss i Yulian Tarnovych. Intercessors Polish - Ukrainian affairs who expressed it through scientific activity. Similarities and differences in the biography and method of transferring the content are shown, and an amazing love for Lemko’s region this Polish and Ukrainian authors. The article presents the similarities into the method of transferring popular science content by two ethnic- different journalists – scientist inhabitant in the same Lemko region. The analysis of the content they published in magazines, newspapers and scientific papers was also carried out.

The purpose of the article is to compare the presented media content by two scientists - journalists from different social environments living in the same region, in the service of saving the Lemko’s hertiage by the example of ethnic journalism.

Open access
Polish Opinion Weeklies’ Thematic Spectrum Analysis – Methodology and Application

Abstract

In this article the approach of thematic analysis of main Polish printed weekly reviews is applied. The author developed thematic division of research material and put much effort to completeness and explicitness. The author chose content analysis as research methodology and constructed a code book. After coding and analysis, conclusions were presented and discussed. There were also methodological inferences for future research.

Open access