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Open access

Ewa Jurczyk-Romanowska and Piotr Kwiatkowski

Abstract

After the end of World War I, in 1918, Poland regained its independence to once again find its place on the map of the world after 123 years. Thus, Polish jurists were faced with the task of creating an entirely new legal order, in the realm of the law of the state system as well as criminal, administrative, civil, and family law. The evolution of the questions pertaining to the parentage of a child was key in the realisation of the child’s right to know their identity, in granting children citizenship of the newly founded state of Poland, and in securing their social, civil, and political rights. The laws of the previous governments would clearly stigmatise children born illegitimi thori. The year 1946 brought the first mitigation of the division into marital and non-marital children, and in 1950 the division was abolished. The subsequent legislative changes were aimed to follow the advances in biological and medical sciences. In its directives the Supreme Court wold accept the successive methods of establishing parentage moving gradually from the prevalence of personal sources in court proceedings to that of DNA tests. Exegesis of legal text and analysis of judicial decisions and literature. After one hundred years of adapting legal regulations to social changes and scientific discovery Poland still faces the necessity to regulate the crucial issues of in vitro fertilisation and surrogacy. The one-hundred-years evolution of legislation and jurisdiction in Poland in the context of the development of new methods of establishing parentage is described in the present paper.

Open access

Gazmend Krasniqi and Kristaq Filipi

Abstract

Recently, not only the Internet and mobile devices are changing our daily life but also the usage of national biometric card for every government electronic services. Beside citizen authentication these electronic services require users to encrypt and digitally sign their data or documents. Therefore, biometric cards are used as processing devices for cryptographic applications, whereby there are a lot of security aspects required for secure communication, authentication and encryption among them. Those aspects will be tested in different environments, platforms, devices, PCs, mobile devices and smartcards. This paper compares those two processing systems, Match off Card vs. Match on Card, and their efficiency of encryption and signatures on the data used. How different parameters, time and size of test vectors impacts the process and the role they play on the overall system. The derived results will serve us as a guide for using one processing system in certain environment, minding the efficiency of the data.

Open access

Mayra Martinez, Martha Viveros, Magda Cejas and Derling Mendoza

Abstract

This research is justified by pointing out the basic conceptions of the continuing education of the university professor. The process of this research included three phases: First, the search; collection and analysis of information. Second, it includes models of professor training and theorization. Third, it raises the final conception of the educational training of the university professor. The research was developed from a qualitative perspective; therefore, it is implanted in an epistemic conceptualization that corresponds to its nature and the interest to deepen in the intuition of the object of study. In this research participated 8 (eight) professors who work at UTE. For the analysis of the data that was obtained they were applied the Grounded Theory and the Constant Comparative Method, which had the purpose of making a theoretical approximation from the categorizations and their dimensions, through the Atlas.ti operating software, version 8. Moreover, the goal was contributing to the theoretical foundation and methodology of the research which generated the following categories: professional professor role and new professor profile. In the conclusions it was mentioned the importance of the university professor updating through scientific research to promote the knowledge and strategies that demand the need to theorize, produce and raise the level of professor thinking.

Open access

Chantana Potikruprasert, Pariyaporn Tungkunanan and Siripan Choomnoom

Abstract

The principle of service is at the heart of the academic service-learning of the Institute of Vocational Education, Bangkok, in Thailand. Therefore, the confirmatory factors of this academic service-learning were studied. The purpose of the research is to study the factors of academic service-learning principles. The results of the analysis of the confirmatory factors of the academic service-learning principles and the professions of the Institute of Vocational Education, Bangkok, were consistent with the empirical evidence. After the standard factors were considered, it was found that there were 5 confirmatory factors:; the principle of trustworthiness, the principle of confidence, the principle of instant response, the principle of regard, and the principle of objectiveness. The values of the factors were 0.84, 0.92, 0.90, 0.92, and 0.89, respectively. The statistical significance of all factors was .05

Open access

Nataša Stojan and Sonja Novak Mijić

Abstract

In political discourse metaphors are frequently employed for persuading and manipulating the public. The aim of our research is to show whether there are differences in the use of source domains of conceptual metaphors among Croatian politicians in comparison with American and Italian politicians. The corpus of our research consists of political newspaper articles and interviews from Croatian, American and Italian daily newspapers (Jutarnji list, Večernji list, Corriere della Sera, Repubblica, ABC, USA Today and The New York Times), downloaded from newspaper archives. We can conclude that metaphorical expressions vary from language to language, but often the same metaphorical expressions appear in all languages. Expressions that frequently recur are victory, attack, battle, race, defense, splay, stage and role. Except for two ontological metaphors in Croatian examples, we can say that there is no major difference in the source domains between Croatian, American and Italian political discourse.

Open access

Antonio Menor-Campos, Amalia Hidalgo-Fernández, Salvador Moral-Cuadra and Tomás López-Guzmán

Abstract

As other economic sectors, tourism has been affected by the irruption of the new economy. Transportation, accommodation, and other services related to tourism are undergoing great changes. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between motivations, satisfaction and consumer behavior in the people who visit the city of Córdoba and who use the services of the collaborative economy, specifically concerning accommodation. A survey was carried out on a representative sample of tourists who visited Córdoba and who stayed in tourist apartments. Results show a positive influence of the motivations on the consumer behavior, as well as on the satisfaction of the tourists who practice collaborative tourism in the city of Córdoba.

Open access

Igor Vladislavovitch Ponkin

Abstract

Public administration, today, in practice is projected, programmed and realized today, as a rule, as though it occurred in the conditions of high degree of definiteness. This article is devoted to research of uncertainties in public administration, in particular, the so-called “black swan” phenomenon in public administration has been investigated. Aim: the purpose of the article included: to define a concept of uncertainty of public administration, consequences of such uncertainties, to consider the concept and features of the “black swan” event in public administration and to consider the existing scientific interpretations of this concept. Methods: to achieve aims mentioned above, such methods as the method of analysis, synthesis, classification method, and others were used. Results: the article presents the author’s concept of uncertainty, defined place of certainty in the process of public administration and the classification of types of “black swan” events.

Open access

Valentinas Navickas, Adriana Grenčíková and Jana Španková

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the level of use of social network job search different generations X, Y, Z. We have used the method of literature study, the questionnaire method and the statistical methods, the method of comparison and deduction in the article. We meet the concept of a social network on a daily basis and many people use them. Among the young people, there is probably no one in a civilized world who would not come into contact with them. They are part of not only private but also professional life. People of generation X consider work to be the most important value in their value list. In their work they are loyal, they do not seek changes voluntarily, because they prefer certainty. This generation is characterized by the fact that technology and technology are not at the same level as the younger Y generation, but generation X is adapting to technical and information progress. People called Generation Y are considered to be an ambitious generation for whom it is important to have an interesting job and a high standard of living. This generation is looking for changes and challenges in its work. Generation Y favors their personal life, family, and partner in the ranks of values before work. They are innovative, creative and they like to develop and train in their work. They work efficiently and flexibly. Generation Z is the first generation that has not experienced a world without the ultimate digitization, they are called “digital people” and there is nothing easier for them to live without living communication with the world, they are more comfortable in the home on the Internet. Generation Z addresses everything with modern technologies.

Open access

Stefanos Koffas

Abstract

Social movements, as collective entities, develop to stand up against the existing institutional status quo with a view to its reformation or radical transformation, while the degree to which they are political depends on wider socio-political factors. The diverse action that evolved through their organized mobilization marked the radical transformation of political response, but also the type of state intervention. Social movements exactly because they constitute wider socio-political undertakings that aim to bring about changes in the social, political, economic but also cultural processes, which seek to annul or sideline established standardizations, are considered one of the most readily available ways to express political and social claims; here they are understood to be dynamic interventions in institutionally and structurally complete social systems as in the case of the social state. Within the context of political mobilization and collective social action, social movements functioned at two interrelated levels: the level of expansion, but also of redefinition of social intervention processes in order to achieve the goals of the social state, and the cultural level, a symbolic promotion, in order to establish a greater degree of social justice. Mobilization of resources, collective behaviour for making claims, even contentious action and transaction with institutions and authorities, constitute views of social transformation and political process in the context of the creation and development of the social state.

Open access

Wichian Deechai, Thanongsak Sovajassatakul and Sirirat Petsangsri

Abstract

The objective of this research was to evaluate the need for blended learning development to enhance the critical thinking of students. Selected by using multistage random sampling, the 450 samples comprised of 376 vocational students and 69 teachers at vocational level. The research instrument used was a needs evaluation form, which was necessary to improve blended learning to enhance critical thinking. The index of consistency (IOC) was between 0.56-1.00, and the total reliability was 0.94. The research was conducted and data collected from July 2018 to August 2018. 445 completed evaluation forms, 98.88% of the total sent out, were returned to researchers. Frequency, percentage, PNI(Modified), and content analysis were used to analyze the data. The research results showed that the vocational students and teachers agreed on the same point that there should be development of student critical thinking skills. This development should comprise of critical thinking skills, learning achievement, and learning management. The recommendations made for improvement were to increase discipline within educational institutes, and to change and add facilities to support modern learning styles. Testing styles should be modern and correspond to student contexts. Moreover, learning styles should be improved to be up-to-date and to correspond to students’ needs and their real lives.